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Can Drug Use Cause Bipolar

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Tip 4: Find New Meaning In Life

Part 3 – The Use of Natural Supplements in the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

To stay alcohol- or drug-free for the long term, youll need to build a new, meaningful life where substance abuse no longer has a place.

Develop new activities and interests. Find new hobbies, volunteer activities, or work that gives you a sense of meaning and purpose. When youre doing things you find fulfilling, youll feel better about yourself and substance use will hold less appeal.

Avoid the things that trigger your urge to use. If certain people, places, or activities trigger a craving for drugs or alcohol, try to avoid them. This may mean making major changes to your social life, such as finding new things to do with your old buddiesor even giving up those friends and making new connections.

How Bipolar Disorder Is Diagnosed

While there are some crossover behaviors that can easily be attributed to drug abuse or addiction behaviors, bipolar disorder is notoriously difficult to diagnose, especially in the presence of drug abuse.

There are several physical and psychological tests that doctors will administer to determine what they are dealing with and the correct course of bipolar disorder treatment. These include:

Physical examinations.;The clinician will examine the patients medical history, as well as that of their parents and close relatives, as there is a tendency for bipolar disorder to run in the family. The patients history of drug use will be brought into the equation in order to understand the underlying cause of the bipolar disorder and to help devise an appropriate treatment plan.

Psychological examinations.;The caregiver will interview the patient about his or her thoughts and feelings, and may also ask to speak to their friends and family members to find evidence of depressive or manic behavior.

Mood charts.;The doctor will likely ask the patient to record their moods on a daily basis. By establishing patterns of behavior, it will be easier for them to develop an accurate diagnosis.

The doctor will compare the patients symptoms to other conditions that have common identifiers. This is due to the fact that a person can have major depression without being bipolar, and substance intoxication and addiction can often mimic the outward effects of bipolar mania.

Heres The Thing: It Is Possible To Have Bipolar 2 And Not Know It

You could have been trying to treat your symptoms of bipolar 2 through drugs without fully understanding your situation. If you think you have bipolar 2 disorder, or any other mental illness, please consult a doctor and do not self-diagnose or medicate.

Anyone can develop bipolar 2 disorder. It is more likely to develop in people under 50 years of age. Symptoms are more likely to begin occurring in your teens or early 20s.

These are the ages that it is most common to develop symptoms. If you are past your early 20s, you still may want to talk to a doctor if you feel you are experiencing symptoms of a co-occurring disorder.

You are more likely to develop bipolar 2 disorder if you have an immediate family member who also has the same diagnosis. You still can develop bipolar II even if no one in your family that has it. 2.5% of the U.S. population has this mental disorder â thatâs almost 6 million people.

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How Long Do Psychotic Symptoms Last

Whether they come from drug use, schizophrenia, or both, psychotic symptoms can be frightening. People who experience a psychotic break during drug use often ask legitimate questions:

  • Does drug-induced schizophrenia go away?
  • Can drug-induced schizophrenia be reversed?

Because schizophrenia isnt drug-induced , the psychotic symptoms that result from drug use will go away. Sometimes they disappear within hours of the drug leaving the system, while other times it can take longer. The length of time depends on the drug.

There isnt drug-induced schizophrenia to be reversed, but for the psychotic symptoms to fully stop, its important to stop using drugs and alcohol. Addiction is tough to overcome, so there are drug and alcohol treatment centers in place to help.

Schizophrenias psychotic symptoms wont go away, but they can be reduced with prescription medication for schizophrenia. They can also go into remission. Whether from drug use or schizophrenia, you can get help and drastically reduce or eliminate symptoms of psychosis.

APA ReferencePeterson, T. . Drug-Induced Schizophrenia? Is it Possible? , HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2021, September 10 from

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Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar mood episodes range from extreme highs to severe lows. A high mood, which often includes elation and energetic behavior, is known as a manic episode. A low mood, which includes sadness and hopelessness, is referred to as a major depressive episode.

There are four types of bipolar disorder, all of which involve changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. The four types of bipolar disorder include:

  • Bipolar I Disorderdefined by manic episodes that last at least seven days, or by symptoms that require immediate clinical care. Depressive episodes generally last up to 14 days. Some individuals experience manic and depressive episodes at the same time.
  • Bipolar II Disorderdefined by a pattern of hypomanic and depressive episodes that are not as extreme as Bipolar Disorder I.
  • Cyclothymic Disorderdefined by numerous periods of elevated mood and numerous periods of low mood lasting at least two years. These symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a manic episode or a depressive episode.
  • Specific and Unspecific Bipolar Disorderdefined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the other three types of bipolar disorder.

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Drugs Dopamine And The New Normal

  • Prevalence of substance abuse difficulties with comorbid affective disorders.
  • Hypothesized mechanisms that may explain the high rate of co-occurrence between these conditions.
  • Various treatments available.

A conceptual demonstration of the parallels between drug use and depressed brain functioning.

Drug Use Over Time

Normal, balanced neurotransmission in a healthy, drug naïve brain.

Addressing Addiction And Bipolar

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that the psychological and physical impairment caused by bipolar disorder make it the most expensive behavioral health diagnosis, both in terms of health care costs and loss of quality of life. Individuals with bipolar disorder may feel misunderstood, stigmatized, or isolated because of their illness. The disorder can have a negative impact on all aspects of a persons life, from occupational functioning to the quality of relationships. Having the support and concern of a close friend or family member can make a significant difference in the outcome of treatment.

Many people feel uncomfortable about broaching the subjects of mental illness and addiction with a loved one. However, it is important to remember that the course of addiction and bipolar disorder will rarely improve without professional intervention. Expressing concern to a loved one may feel awkward or embarrassing at first, but this conversation could make a significant difference in the outcome of the disease.

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Diagnosing Comorbid Bipolar Disorder And Substance Use Disorder

Because bipolar disorder and substance use disorder share symptoms, such as impulsivity, Isabelle Bauer, PhD, from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, and colleagues thought that by measuring patients degree of impulsiveness, they could better predict treatment response.3 Patients with bipolar disorder with and without lifetime substance use disorder were given the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Axis I , the Barratt Impulsivity Scale, and portions of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery .3 To the researchers surprise, bipolar disorder chronicity or substance use disorder did not predict impulsivity.3

In bipolar disorder, high impulsivity tendencies are associated with poor clinical outcomes such as poor treatment adherence, relapse, rehospitalization, and reduced chances of going back to a normal life even after remission, explained Dr Bauer. It is unclear whether impulsivity is a symptom of bipolar disorder, or rather, the result of brain damage associated with repeated mood episodes and/or substance use.

Bipolar Disorders And Substance Abuse Treatment

Bipolar disorder (depression & mania) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology

Until recently, bipolar disorder and chemical dependence were diagnosed separately and treated at various facilities. People diagnosed as bipolar were treated at mental health treatment centers or psychiatric clinics while abusing drugs or alcohol were referred to rehabilitation centers.

Today,;addiction professionals;understand the importance of treating bipolar disorder and substance abuse simultaneously through integrated treatment.

Integrated treatment involves several various forms of treatment. For instance, your treatment plan might include counseling sessions with an addiction specialist, or one-on-one sessions with a mental health professional, Dual Diagnosis;support groups, family counseling, and holistic therapy.

A Bipolar Disorder and Addiction Integrated Program Include These Features:

  • Centralized care provided in a rehabilitation facility
  • treatment from the team of psychologists, addiction therapists, and other professionals skilled in dual diagnosis;
  • Psychotherapy aimed at managing your emotions and reducing the risk of substance abuse
  • ;medication prescribed by a described by tor to help you handle the ups and downs of bipolar disorder
  • ;group support for those who are dealing with addiction and bipolar disorder;

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How To Treat Co

When someone is experiencing two chronic issues, such as bipolar disorder and substance use disorder, its known as co-morbidity or a dual diagnosis. Co-occurring disorders are best treated by a compassionate recovery professional who has experience in caring for individuals with both bipolar disorder and substance abuse issues.

Integrated treatment is recommended, in which both disorders are treated simultaneously as part of one comprehensive treatment program. A treatment plan for someone with this dual diagnosis will likely include:

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Drug Use And Addiction May Contribute To The Development Of Bipolar Disorder

âAlthough people with bipolar disorder may turn to drugs or alcohol out of a need to stabilize their moods,â Bening says, âengaging in substance abuse has the opposite effect, making the symptoms of bipolar disorder worse.â Substance abuse can make manic or depressive episodes last longer, or make their symptoms more severe. Bening explains that substance abuse can also lead to changes in the brain that may contribute to the development of bipolar disorder.

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Bipolar Disorder And Cocaine Use

Someone living with bipolar disorder may find it difficult to manage their symptoms and look for ways to cope, even if theyre unhealthy. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can be incredibly challenging and leave a person feeling exhausted. During a low period, a person with bipolar disorder may use stimulants like cocaine to experience increased energy, focus and sociability.

Because stimulants are highly addictive, people who use cocaine as a coping strategy for bipolar disorder symptoms may go on to develop an addiction. Patients have reported that after using cocaine for an extended period, their symptoms worsen instead of improving. For example, instead of feeling pleasure or euphoria after using cocaine, patients reported feeling paranoid or irritated. Some patients even reported that they had suicidal thinking during withdrawal from the stimulant.

Bipolar Disorder and Cocaine Side Effects

There can be adverse effects when someone uses cocaine, including the development or onset of bipolar disorder. These side effects can lead to aggression, hospitalization and a reduced tendency to take medicine as prescribed. The combination of cocaine use and bipolar disorder can compromise many functions of the brain. Some of the most common side effects of cocaine use combined with bipolar disorder include:

  • Difficulty with decision-making
  • Problems with planning for the future
  • Cognition issues

A Note on Crack Cocaine

What To Do Next

Understanding the two sides of bipolar disorder ...

If you believe that you may be experiencing symptoms of depression, whether they are related to a drug that you are taking or not, you should consult with your personal physician.

Do not stop taking your medication without your doctor’s permission.;If you are experiencing severe depression or having thoughts of suicide, do not hesitate to seek immediate medical attention.

Every situation is different, so your doctor will look at your health history and symptoms in order to determine what steps to take next. In some cases, it may involve switching to a different medication or adjusting your dosage.

Your doctor will also try to determine if your depressive symptoms are linked to the new medication or some other cause. If there is an underlying depressive disorder, your doctor may recommend treatments such as antidepressants and psychotherapy.

If you or a loved one are struggling with depression, contact the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration National Helpline at 1-800-662-4357 for information on support and treatment facilities in your area.

For more mental health resources, see our National Helpline Database.

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The Link Between Substance Abuse And Mental Health

When you have both a substance abuse problem and a mental health issue such as depression, bipolar disorder, or anxiety, it is called a co-occurring disorder or dual diagnosis. Dealing with substance abuse, alcoholism, or drug addiction is never easy, and its even more difficult when youre also struggling with mental health problems.

In co-occurring disorders, both the mental health issue and the drug or alcohol addiction have their own unique symptoms that may get in the way of your ability to function at work or school, maintain a stable home life, handle lifes difficulties, and relate to others. To make the situation more complicated, the co-occurring disorders also affect each other. When a mental health problem goes untreated, the substance abuse problem usually gets worse. And when alcohol or drug abuse increases, mental health problems usually increase too.

Co-occurring substance abuse problems and mental health issues are more common than many people realize. According to reports published in the Journal of the American Medical Association:

  • Roughly 50 percent of individuals with severe mental disorders are affected by substance abuse.
  • 37 percent of alcohol abusers and 53 percent of drug abusers also have at least one serious mental illness.
  • Of all people diagnosed as mentally ill, 29 percent abuse alcohol or drugs.

Detecting The Signs Of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder can be difficult to identify, especially in people who abuse drugs or alcohol. The extreme mood swings caused by this psychiatric disorder can resemble the highs and lows that individuals experience during periods of intoxication or withdrawal from substances. By the same token, substance abuse can intensify the highs and lows of bipolar disorder, making it hard to know whether these mood swings are chemically or psychologically induced.

The changes caused by bipolar disorder are much more drastic than the mood swings that average adults experience throughout their lives. Although these fluctuations may follow certain patterns, they often strike in unpredictable ways, leaving the individual feeling out of control. Similarly, loved ones, coworkers, or acquaintances may feel helpless when confronted by these dramatic changes in the individuals personality. The red flags of bipolar disorder can be divided into depressive and manic symptoms:

  • Lack of the need to sleep
  • Edginess or irritability
  • Angry outbursts

Some people with bipolar disorder experience a state called hypomania, a less extreme form of mania characterized by elevated energy levels, increased productivity, and more outgoing behavior.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary from one individual to another.

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A Connection Between Taking Medication Abusing Drugs And Bipolar Mania

The question of connections between drugs and various mental illnesses is a huge concern.; We have known for a long time that there is a connection between some chemicals and Mania. The connection to Bipolar Disorders, formerly called Manic Depressive Disorder, is more problematic.

People seem to think that because a medication is prescribed by a doctor or can be purchased over the counter, it is safe. The huge increase in abuse of prescription medication has made us question that. Now there is evidence that not just street drugs but prescription medications may be setting off episodes of mania.

We all pretty much intuitively know what depression looks like. But Bipolar Disorder that is something else. The official definition of Bipolar disorder requires a lot more than just moodiness.

To get the diagnosis of bipolar you need to have had an episode of mania or hypomania. But the DSM excludes from diagnoses symptoms caused by drugs of abuse. For Bipolar Disorder this includes Bipolar symptoms that were caused by prescribed medications.

Bipolar Types: Difference Between Bipolar Disorder 2 And 1

Bipolar Disorder – When we use Lithium

If you have bipolar I disorder, you experience more mania than bipolar depression. You may feel like the life of the party, but mania can have bad affects on your life. In bipolar I, mania is so intense that it can lead to bad decision making.

You may make uncharacteristically bad decisions when it comes to money, sex, and life circumstances when you are in mania.

With bipolar II disorder, you experience some periods of hypomania. You will not experience it as frequently or as intense as the mania those with bipolar I have. People with bipolar II have more periods of depression than those with bipolar I.

Type 2 Bipolar – Rapid Cycling

Rapid cycling is when you experience four or more changes from depression and mania within a year.

If you have bipolar disorder II, you are more likely to experience rapid cycling than someone with bipolar I. Women are also more likely to rapid cycle.

Rapid cycling can go away. It is uncertain how long any one person can rapid cycle. Proper treatment of your bipolar disorder can help you stop rapid cycling.

Bipolar Disorder 2 Insight

Rapid cycling happens with about 10% to 20% of people with bipolar disorder.

People who have rapid cycle within their bipolar disorder spend more of their time in a depressive state than they do in mania or hypomania.

It is more likely that someone with a rapid cycling course will commit suicide.

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