Are You Affected By This
- Samaritans provides emotional support, 24 hours a day for people who are experiencing feelings of distress or thoughts of suicide
- Its number is 116 123 and is free to call and will not appear on a phone bill
- Rethink Mental Illness has more than 200 mental health services and 150 support groups across England.
- Its number is 0300 5000 927
“Mental health disorders are not about a single gene but about a collection of genes. We need to start thinking about this as a cumulative loading of genetics.”
The work at KCL is still in its early stages. But it has been found there are 108 genes with changes in people with schizophrenia. Now, nine genes have been found across those with depression, and 20 in people who have bipolar disorder. There are almost certainly many more still to find and scientists say many of these genes will be shared across the different conditions.
Making sense of my genetic legacy is important, because it allows me to break away from the feelings of inevitability that depression gives you. Is this meant to happen? Am I meant to get over this? Is this bigger than me?
“Evidence from the last few years also suggests that many mental disorders share common genetic risk factors – for instance, genetic variation associated with schizophrenia overlaps with both depression and bipolar disorder,” says Lewis.
Siblings can have very different outcomes. Twins Lucy and Jonny have a bipolar mother. Jonny has also suffered from the condition, while Lucy has not.
Is Bipolar Disorder Genetic
Bipolar disorder is one of the most heritable mental health conditions, with family history being a significant risk factor.
Individuals who have a first-degree relative with bipolar disorder have an increased risk. Research shows that children who have a parent with bipolar disorder are 10 times more likely to develop the condition.
Though there are challenges, researchers continue to explore the association between genetics and bipolar disorder.
Problems with calcium signaling are associated with the condition. Genes such as CACNA1C and ANK3, which contribute to the regulation of calcium, may play a role, though this is still unclear.
Other possible gene connections include Neuregulin 1 and G72/30. They are tied to dopamine and serotonin pathways. Dopamine and serotonin are neurotransmitters involved in communication between nerve cells. Both neurotransmitters are associated with mood regulation.
Although it’s clear that there is a strong genetic component in the development of bipolar disorder, the complexities continue to be explored.
What Causes Bipolar Disorder
Though the exact cause of bipolar disorder has yet to be found, scientists confirm that bipolar disorder has a genetic component, meaning the disorder can run in families. Some research suggests that multiple factors may interact to produce abnormal function of brain circuits that results in bipolar disorder’s symptoms of major depression and mania. Examples of environmental factors may include stress, alcohol or substance abuse, and lack of sleep.
Recommended Reading: Can You Be Born With Depression
How Do I Know If My Child Is Bipolar
Bipolar disorder has been around for a long time, although the term itself wasnt used until 19___. Bipolar disorder used to be known as manic depression. These days, a person with Bipolar disorder can live well with the right treatment and help. So yes, your child is on the right path to finding out if he or she is Bipolar. To tell if your child has Bipolar, here are some symptoms to look out for and discuss with your childs doctor: A manic phase High energy or feelings of euphoria Being unusually irritable, angry, or agitated Rapid talking and grand ideas Increased activity and talking A decreased need for sleep, even when continued activity and talking make the person tired Unusually risky behavior such as spending sprees, unsafe ***, or foolish business investments that may result in financial loss. If you feel your child has any of these symptoms, then you should talk with your childs doctor. He or she can help your child get the right tests to confirm a diagnosis of Bipolar disorder. The doctor may want to discuss your childs past mental health history and family history too..
Symptoms Of Mania And Hypomania
During manic episodes, which can cause extreme highs in mood, people may experience:
- a lower need for sleep
- a desire to engage in reckless behaviors such as using drugs or consuming alcohol
- difficulty concentrating or making decisions
- high energy levels and restlessness
- high self-esteem
Don’t Miss: How Do Eating Disorders Develop
Bipolar Disorder: What Causes Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that results in extreme changes of mood, energy and ability to function. Although research has improved our understanding of why someone might develop bipolar disorder, the exact cause is still not known.
Scientists believe that bipolar disorder is the result of a complicated relationship between genetic and environmental factors. Research suggests that a person is born with a “vulnerability” to bipolar illness, which means that they are more prone to developing the disorder. However, this is not the only factor in determining whether a person will become ill. Environmental factors such as stressful life events also appear to play a role in that they can lead to the onset of the illness or “trigger” a relapse of symptoms.
Family, twin and adoption studies show that bipolar disorder can run in families although not everyone with a family history will develop this disorder. People who have first-degree relatives with a mood disorder are more likely to have a mood disorder. For example, a person with one parent who has bipolar has a 15 to 30% risk for developing the disorder.
It is important to remember that what is stressful to one person may not be stressful to another.
A person’s coping skills or their “resiliency” will also impact on how stressful the event is to that person.
About the author
Generation To Generation Family Members Observe And Reflect On Patterns Of Bipolar
For some families, bipolar disorder runs through the generations as invariably as freckles or cleft chins appear in other family trees. Even so, looking for your familys source of bipolar disorder can be a little like searching for the headwaters of the Nile. You start backtracking through the generations and suddenly realize that the quirky behavior you once brushed aside as your grandmothers eccentricity was really a signpost.
If only you had recognized her outlandishness or rage for what it wasthe genetic source of your own bipolar disorder. You might have been more tolerant of her. Perhaps you wouldnt have distanced yourself so much. At the very least, you might have asked some questions.
Unfortunately, many people never think to connect the dots in their familys history of wellness until the day a family member is diagnosed with bipolar. Suddenly, it hits like a ton of brickseverything falls into place. As one mother describes it, it wasnt until her son was diagnosed that she recognized her own illness. Oh my gosh, thats whats the matter with me!
This experience was related in one way or another by several individuals interviewed for this story. Jolted by the diagnosis of a child or a grandchild, an older family member may reluctantly acknowledge the symptoms as his or her own. Sometimes, it comes as a bolt of self-recognition other times, its a case of reluctant consent, a muttered admission, Yes, thats me.
Read Also: What Medicine To Take For Panic Attacks
Similar Bipolar Genetics Different Life Experiences
My grandmother was born in the late 1920’s, and I was born in 1989. We have the same mental health condition but in two completely different generations.
In 2017, we face bipolar stigma on a daily basis. I could not imagine what it must have been like for people living with bipolar disorder, depression or anxiety in the previous generations. It saddens me to know that my grandmother never once received treatment for bipolar disorder, and I cannot blame her.
Supposedly my grandmother was a brilliant woman with a vibrant personality but because she was unmedicated, the colorful part of her was eventually covered in darkness. It is a story that reminds me to be grateful and continue fighting against stigma for the next generation.
In this video, I explore the difference between my life with bipolar 2 disorder in 2017 and my grandmother’s life with the same condition in the early to mid-1900’s.
APA ReferenceBlum, H. . Bipolar Disorder Genetics: From My Grandmother to Me, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2022, July 24 from https://www.healthyplace.com/living-with-bipolar-blog/bipolar-disorder-genetics-from-my-grandmother-to-me
What Race Is Most Affected By Bipolar Disorder
The incidence of bipolar disorder is about equal across racial groups. However, the symptoms are different in different races. For example, blacks are more likely to be depressed and whites are more likely to be manic. There are also differences in the outcome of the disorder. Blacks are more likely to commit suicide, while whites are more likely to be hospitalized..
Also Check: What Is Schizophrenia Caused By
Does Bipolar Disorder Skip A Generation
If the answer to the question is bipolar disorder genetic is likely yes, then the next question is, can it skip a generation?
The answer to this question is also thought to be most likely yes. Experts do believe that bipolar disorder can skip generations. Its also thought that a combination of environment, childhood nurturing, and genetic makeup can all increase the chance of developing bipolar disorder.
People can either acquire bipolar disorder as a genetic predisposition or as the result of environmental triggers, but typically both nature and nature are involved in its development. Treatment for bipolar disorder includes therapy and medication management.
Can Someone With Bipolar Be A Good Parent
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes extreme mood swings from depression to mania, and can cause high levels of anxiety and paranoia in sufferers. Symptoms of manic episodes include being unusually excited and hyperactive, as well as being overconfident, grandiose, and irresponsible. Symptoms of depressive episodes include low energy levels, irritability, fatigue, insomnia, and difficulty concentrating. Bipolar disorder can be treated with medication and therapy. However, some people with bipolar disorder may not be able to take care of their children on their own, or may not be able to take care of their children at all..
Read Also: Did David Bowie Have Schizophrenia
When A Parent Has Bipolar Disorder
…What kids want to know
- Guides & Publications
- When a parent has bipolar disorder … What kids want to know
Children have a lot of questions when someone in their family is sick. When children dont have answers to their questions, they tend to come up with their own, which can be incorrect and scary!
When the family members illness is bipolar disorder, it often becomes a secret that nobody talks about. All children need some explanation and support, geared to their age, to help them understand bipolar disorder.Each parent and childs beginning conversation about bipolar disorder will be different depending on the childs age and ability to manage the information. You know your children best.This brochure will help prepare you to take the first step. If you have already started talking to a child about bipolar disorder, this brochure will give you more information to keep the conversation going. It lists common questions children have about their parents bipolar disorder, as well as suggestions for how to answer their questions.
Questions kids have
What is bipolar disorder? How does bipolar disorder work?
Why does my dad act the way he does? How does it feel to have bipolar disorder? What goes on in my moms head when shes not herself?
What does a low mood, or depression, mean? What does it look like?
What does a high mood, or mania, mean? What does it look like?
How will bipolar disorder affect me? How will it affect my family?
How can my mom or dad get better?
Can Bipolar Go Away
Having bipolar disorder is never fun, but there are a ton of things you can do to help make it easier. The first thing to do is to find a great doctor. There are lots of treatments that can help you, or at least keep you on an even keel, but its really important to talk to someone who knows what theyre doing. No one should be diagnosed, or treated for bipolar disorder, without talking to a doctor. Next, you need to take care of yourself. Its easy to get depressed when you have bipolar disorder, and when youre depressed, its hard to take care of yourself. If youre depressed, concentrate on getting the help you need. Its also important to take care of yourself when youre manic. Dont spend all of your money. Dont spend all of your time on a project thats obviously going nowhere. Dont start a fight with someone you love. In short, dont act impulsively. And remember, a couple of bad days doesnt mean you have bipolar disorder. You can get better! __% of people with bipolar disorder are able to go off their medication eventually. I think its a mistake to expect bipolar symptoms to disappear completely. The disease is chronic, but its manageable and treatable..
You May Like: What Are The Three Most Common Eating Disorders
Is Bipolar Inherited From Mother Or Father
Bipolar, like all hereditary mental health conditions, can be passed down through the mother or the father. If you have bipolar disorder, theres a 50% chance that one of your parents will also have the condition. You may inherit bipolar disorder through genes and chromosomes from both parents. And while its true that you have a higher chance of getting bipolar disorder if you have family members with the condition, any person can develop bipolar disorder, its not just genetic.
Are You Born With Bipolar Disorder Or Can You Develop It
There is a reason that Bipolar Disorder is called a Disorder and not a Disease. This is because there is no one type of bipolar disorder, and there is no specific Bipolar Disorder gene, so no one can be genetically born with Bipolar Disorder. However, there have been a few studies that have shown a correlation between bipolar disorder and genetics. This is because people who have a family member with Bipolar Disorder are more likely to develop it themselves. In fact, if your mother or father has bipolar disorder, then you are __% more likely to develop it yourself. I hope this answers your question!.
Also Check: Does Depression Run In Families
Children And A Diagnosis Of Bipolar Disorder Is An Increasingly Controversial Topic We Take A Hard Look At This Hot Issue
Donna S. often catches herself watching and waiting for something she hopes will never happen. Ever since she learned that bipolar disorder has a strong genetic component, Donna has been angst-ridden that her child, John, will inherit her illness.
John was only 7 when Donna took him to a psychiatrist for an evaluation.
I was afraid we would become one of the statistics people were telling me about, says Donna, executive director and founder of the Ohio, branch of the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance. My family tried to tell me to relax.
Although John did well in school, he was a highly sensitive child.
He could be really happy and having fun, and then be sad the next minute, says Donna, a single parent. Because I was looking for something, I thought there was something.
The psychiatrist agreed that John was anxious, but said it was understandable given that his grandmother, to whom he was extremely close, had been diagnosed with cancer and that his mother was periodically hospitalized for bipolar episodes.
Today, John is a healthy 16-year-old. He is a member of his high school football team, participates in school musicals and shows more than a passing interest in girls. Still, Donna admits that the possibility of John developing a mood disorder is always in the back of my mind.
If a grade-schooler has trouble controlling his temper at school, is it a phase or something more ominous?
How is a parent to know?
Who Is At Risk Of Bipolar Disorder
More than 10 million Americans have bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder affects men and women equally, as well as all races, ethnic groups, and socioeconomic classes.
Although men and women appear to be equally affected by bipolar disorder, rapid cycling is seen more often in women. Women also tend to experience more depressive and mixed state episodes than do men. A man’s first experience with bipolar disorder may be in a manic state women tend to first experience a depressive state.
Bipolar disorder can present itself at any age, but typically, onset occurs around age 25.
Recommended Reading: Is There A Cure For Bipolar 2
Bipolar Disorder Genetics: From My Grandmother To Me
There’s a strong genetic component to bipolar disorder. Researchers have already shown that bipolar disorder can be passed from generation to generation.
When diagnosed with bipolar 2 disorder, my doctor was curious as to who could have passed the bipolar gene down to me. In my immediate family, no one showed symptoms of bipolar disorder. Looking deeper into my family history, it became apparent that my grandmother had bipolar disorder. Her story made me think about the differences between what our lives are like living with bipolar.
At What Age Does Bipolar Disorder Most Frequently Emerge
Bipolar disorder usually emerges between the ages of 15 and 25 for people who were not previously diagnosed, though the average age of onset is a bit earlier . The lifetime risk of developing bipolar disorder is about 10% for a man and 5% for a woman. __% of those who have bipolar disorder commit suicide in their lifetime. As a result of the stigma surrounding mental illness and the shame people feel about their condition, many who suffer in silence dont come forward to get treatment..
Recommended Reading: When Do People Develop Schizophrenia