War And Emotional Trauma
Although PTSD can arise after a variety of traumatic events, war trauma made a substantial contribution to the current conceptualization of PTSD. While the terminology for PTSD only appeared in the psychiatricclassification system in 1980, knowledge of battle-related psychological problems goes back to antiquity. Mythical Greek heroes Ajax and Hercules both succumbed to their emotional wounds, not injuries of combat. In 1688, Swiss physician Johannes Hoferwrote about an unusual grouping of symptoms in Swiss mercenaries fighting in France or Italy, which he termed nostalgia. Irritable heart, also called soldiers heart or Da Costas syndrome, was described in soldiersof the American Civil War by Jacob Mendes Da Costa, an American physician.The syndrome, a forerunner of PTSD, included unexplained cardiac symptoms, such as palpitations,chest pain and shortness of breath .
How Canada Is Helping
Canada is committed to addressing PTSD. We passed the Federal Framework on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Act in June 2018. The Act recognizes that all Canadians can be at risk for PTSD and that a great number face higher risks because of the nature of their work.
The Act led to a National Conference on PTSD in April 2019. Experts from across the country, including people with lived experience, shared their knowledge and views. With their involvement, we have developed Canadas first Federal Framework on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
Changes From Previous Pcl For Dsm
Several important revisions were made to the PCL in updating it for DSM-5:
- PCL for DSM-IV has 3 versions, PCL-M , PCL-C , and PCL-S , which vary slightly in the instructions and wording of the phrase referring to the index event. PCL-5 is most similar to the PCL-S version. There are no corresponding PCL-M or PCL-C versions of PCL-5.
- Although there is only one version of the PCL-5 items, there are 3 formats of the PCL-5 measure, including one without a Criterion A component, one with a Criterion A component, and one with the Life Events Checklist for DSM-5 and extended Criterion A component.
- The PCL-5 is a 20-item questionnaire, corresponding to the DSM-5 symptom criteria for PTSD. The wording of PCL-5 items reflects both changes to existing symptoms and the addition of new symptoms in DSM-5.
- The self-report rating scale is 0-4 for each symptom, reflecting a change from 1-5 in the DSM-IV version. Rating scale descriptors are the same: “Not at all,” “A little bit,” Moderately,” “Quite a bit,” and “Extremely.”
- The change in the rating scale, combined with the increase from 17 to 20 items means that PCL-5 scores are not compatible with PCL for DSM-IV scores and cannot be used interchangeably.
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France Looks To Horses To Treat Soldiers With Ptsd
As taboos break down around Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in the French military, doctors are looking to alternative treatments to address a problem that affects an increasing number of soldiers. According to a parliamentary report published in February, 12 per cent of participants in the Sangaris operation in the Central African Republic returned with psychological troubles, including PTSD. One treatment involves horses. RFI looks at how therapists are using horses to treat PTSD and other mental and physical ailments.
Population And Study Design
This study used the data of the repeated cross-sectional university-based COSAMe survey, which planned several measurement times, beginning on April 17, 2020. During this survey, and at each measurement interval, the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research, and Innovation asked all 82 universities in the French territory to contact their students by email and to request that they participate by completing an online, self-administered questionnaire. Due to the heterogeneity of sanitary measures from one country to another, only students residing in France during the COVID-19 lockdown were included. The survey was anonymous, and no compensation was offered.
The first measurement time took place during the COVID-19 lockdown, between April 17 and May 4, 2020. The protocol and detailed results at T1 are available in a previous publication. The second measurement time occurred 1 month after the quarantine was lifted between June 15 and July 15, 2020. At T2, nearly 30,000 deaths were attributed to COVID-19 in France.
The present study only included respondents to T2. Some of the participants had already responded to T1 the responses between T1 and T2 have been linked using a pseudonymization method.
This study was approved by a French research ethics committee, the Comité de Protection des Personnes Ile de France VIII, before its initiation.
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Definition: What Is Ptsd
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder is regarded as a mental illness or disorder. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , the most widely used manual in clinical psychiatricpractice in Canada, categorizes PTSD among trauma and stressor-related disorders.
PTSD can arise in individuals exposed to direct, threatened or witnessed trauma such as unexpected or violent death, serious injury or sexual violence . It can also arise in individuals who did not experience trauma directly but learned of a close family member or friends traumaticexperience or who were repeatedly exposed to details of traumatic events experienced by others .
The clinical manifestations of PTSD are grouped into four categories:
Psychometric Validation Of The English And French Versions Of The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist For Dsm
Affiliation School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Affiliation School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Affiliation Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Affiliation Department of Psychiatry, CHRU de Tours, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Inserm U930, France
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Expansion Avec Les Victimes De Guerre
Durant la Première Guerre mondiale, les Anglais et les Français font simplement passer au peloton d’exécution les terrorisés en tant que « lâches » et « mutins », comme dans l’Affaire des caporaux de Souain. Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le général George Patton a giflé un soldat terrorisé en le traitant de lâche avant d’être obligé de lui présenter des excuses au cours d’une cérémonie publique.
L’étude des « névroses traumatiques » s’est poursuivie sous des noms divers et peut-être plus réalistes « d’usure au combat » et de « secousse de combat » qui mettent l’accent sur les réactions de stress étudiées en physiologie par Hans Selye. Les séquelles psychologiques graves présentées par les anciens combattants des États-Unis revenus massivement du Viêtnam en 1973 ont entrainé un regain d’intérêt pour la pathologie traumatique qui devint de plus en plus connue sous le nom de « trouble de stress post-traumatique » où les symptômes apparaissent bien après la survenue de l’événement traumatisant. Burgess et Holstrom, avec Rape trauma syndrom , ont mis en évidence les séquelles psychologiques et somatiques d’une autre sorte de traumatisme passée sous silence depuis l’abandon par Sigmund Freud lui-même de sa propre théorie de la séduction. Il s’agit du traumatisme à la suite d’un viol ou d’une agression sexuelle, tandis qu’inversement, les traumatismes liés aux fausses accusations de viol ou d’agression sexuelles ne semblent pas avoir suscité le même intérêts.
French Translation: Trouble De Stress Post Traumatique Tat De Stress Post
|English term or phrase:|
|Trouble de stress post traumatique, état de stress post-traumatique|
|English to French translations Medical – Medical / mental health|
|English term or phrase:post traumatic stress disorder|
|this appears in a report re the mental state of someone who has lived through turbulent experiences thanks all the same Nicole|
|Explanation:Trouble de Stress Post-Traumatique. Trouble Post-Traumatique de Stress … Identifier des facteurs de risque de troubles post-. traumatiques … infodoc.inserm.fr/ethique/Ethique.nsf/0/f1d9d7eb4224eb49c1256f8c0055981a/$FILE/ATTDI0R3/Diaporama.pdf|
|4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer|
|Summary of answers provided|
|Trouble de stress post traumatique, état de stress post-traumatiqueExplanation:Trouble de Stress Post-Traumatique. Trouble Post-Traumatique de Stress … Identifier des facteurs de risque de troubles post-. traumatiques … infodoc.inserm.fr/ethique/Ethique.nsf/0/f1d9d7eb4224eb49c1256f8c0055981a/$FILE/ATTDI0R3/Diaporama.pdf|
|PRO pts in category: 5409|
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Dr Tim Black Rpsych National Clinical Co
Dr. Tim Black, R. Psych. is an Associate Professor of Counselling Psychology at the University of Victoria who specializes in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Military to Civilian Transition and group counselling approaches. He has been working with the Canadian military and veteran community as a clinician and researcher for 20 years, has co-developed national programs for veterans in transition, and is the co-founder and lead researcher of the Wounded Warriors COPE Program. Tim has trained psychologists and counselling clinicians across Canada to work with veterans and is training the next generation of counsellors at the University of Victoria to understand issues related to veterans and their families in transition from military to civilian life.
First World War: Shell Shock
The prolonged duration of the First World War, and the enormous casualty rate, saw the birth of military psychiatry.At that time, the Canadian medical profession was heavily influenced and shaped by the United States and United Kingdom. Combat-related emotional trauma became known as shell shock or lhypnose des batailles. The term shell shock capturedBritish ambivalence about whether the symptoms found in soldiers who did not show obvious wounds were of a physical or psychological nature. Dr. Donald Campbell Meyers , a neurologist who opened a psychiatry ward at the Toronto General Hospitalin 1906, came to view shell shock as a functional or traumatic neurosis.
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Chelle Diagnostic Et De Surveillance
Le CAPS, pour “Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale” , est une échelle clinique permettant le diagnostic et l’évaluation de la sévérité du syndrome de stress post-traumatique . Depuis sa mise au point en 1990, cette échelle est devenue un critère de mesure couramment utilisée dans le domaine du stress post-traumatique et a été utilisé dans plus de 200 études. Cette échelle aurait une excellente fiabilité, utile au diagnostic, et une bonne sensibilité au changement clinique.
Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve
Taking the K-SADS-PL as the diagnostic reference, with a diagnostic cutoff of 20 for child version as recommended by Scheeringa , the sensitivity and specificity of the child version at that threshold were 73.1 and 84.7%, respectively . Concerning the parent/caregiver version, using the cutoff of 17, the sensitivity and specificity were 76.7 and 80.5%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for both versions at various cutoff scores can be calculated from the ROC curve coordinates . The area under the curve was 0.88 for the child version and 0.84 for the parent/caregiver version.
Figure 1. ROC CURVE child version of CPC.
Figure 2. ROC CURVE parent version of CPC.
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Translation Of Trns And Phelps Questionnaire
According to the guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures, the first step was the English-to-French translation of questionnaires by two native French-speakers with a good command of English . The original 16 items from the TRNS and 4 items from the Phelps questionnaire were translated . The two translations of the questionnaires were compared and merged to reach a consensus agreement among a committee of six sleep and PTSD experts. Next, an independent native English-speaking translator, blinded to the original versions of the questionnaires, retranslated the French version into English. Finally, the original English and French-to-English versions of the questionnaires were reviewed by the expert panel to establish a final French version of the combined TRNS-Phelps questionnaire. The final step in the adaptation process was a pretest. Twelve patients diagnosed with PTSD completed the questionnaire and were asked what they thought about the items and if any questions were difficult to understand. The meaning of the items and responses was discussed with patients to make final adjustments.
Validation Of The French Version Of The Child Posttraumatic Stress Checklist In French School
- 1Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l’Enfant et de l’Adolescent, Hôpitaux Pédiatriques de Nice CHU-Lenval, Nice, France
- 2Université Côte d’Azur, CoBTek, FRIS, Nice, France
- 3Centre Expert du Psychotrauma PACA Corse, Nice, France
- 4Département de Sante Publique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Université Cote d’Azur, Nice, France
Background: The child posttraumatic stress disorder checklist updated to DSM-5 is a questionnaire aimed to assess posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in children. It is available in both parents and child versions. The back-translation method has been used for the French translation of the CPC. It has not been yet validated in French-speaking populations. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties and the validity of the CPC in a sample of French-speaking schoolchildren and their parents.
Results: Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.90 for child version and 0.91 for parent version of the CPC. There was a statistical correlation between the K-SADS-PL for PTSD and the total score of CPC for the child version and for the parent version . The sensitivity and specificity of the children version with a threshold of > 20 were 73.1 and 84.7%, respectively, using the K-SADS-PL as the diagnostic reference for PTSD. Concerning the parent version, using the same recommended cutoff score, the sensitivity, and specificity were 77 and 80.5%, respectively.
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Intergenerational Transmission Of Trauma
The diagnosis and understanding of PTSD have importance not only for those who have been exposed to trauma, but also to their children. Intergenerational trauma occurs when a particular traumatic event reverberates through the generations of a family.However, the transmission of that trauma is not simply the reflection of a traumatic story passed down. Epigenetic research shows that its underpinnings have many layers. Epigenetics investigates the influence of environmentalstimuli, such as stressors and life adversity, on the genome . Environmental factors, such as trauma or adversity, canlead to changes in the genome with subsequent modifications in gene expression and the capacity to react to and adapt to stress. These epigenomic modifications can be passed on to the next generation, as data from femaleHolocaust survivors and their children suggest. These data are consistent with findings from animal research that show that differences in maternal care can modify an offsprings cognitive development, as well as its ability to cope with stress laterin life.
Michael Meaney from McGill University was one of the first researchers to identify the importance of maternal care in modifying the expression of genes that regulate behaviouraland physical responses to stress, as well as the development of the brain area involved in the formation of episodic memories .
Examples Of Using Ptsd In A Sentence And Their Translations
ptsdTSPTPtsdPTSDPtsdTPTptsdptsdPTDSpropos d’un TPTptsdpost-traumatiqueptsdPTSDESpTptsdD.S.P.T.ptsdD.S.P.T.PTSDstress post-traumatiquePTSDstress post-traumatiquePTSDstress post-traumatiquePTSDPTSDPTSDsyndrome post traumatiquePTSDPTSDPTSDstress post-traumatiquePTSDSyndrome Post TraumatiquePTSDstress post-traumatiquePTSDPTSDPTSDsyndrome post traumatiquePTSD
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Translation Into French
Exposition Un Facteur Traumatique
Le trouble de stress post-traumatique semblerait être causé par l’expérience d’un ou de plusieurs types d’événements traumatisants. Il peut survenir chez des individus sans antécédents,.
Les individus considérés à risque incluent les militaires, les victimes de catastrophes naturelles, les survivants aux camps de concentration et les victimes de crimes violents. Certains individus font l’expérience de la « culpabilité du survivant » lorsqu’ils réussissent à survivre tandis que d’autres autour d’eux sont morts. Les causes d’un tel traumatisme peuvent survenir lorsqu’un individu subit ou se retrouve témoin d’un événement stressant impliquant la mort, un très sérieux danger ou des menaces similaires contre soi ou les autres dans une situation durant laquelle il fait l’expérience d’une importante crainte ou impuissance. Des individus employés dans des métiers avec violence ou les situations d’urgence sont également à risque.
Les enfants et adultes peuvent développer des symptômes de TSPT après avoir été victimes de bizutage ou d’agression,.
Selon le professeur Jean-Michel Constantin, anesthésiste-réanimateur à l’hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, à Paris, après la fin de leur traitement, les malades ayant été intubés lors de l’épidémie de COVID 19 subissent un stress post-traumatique.
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Federal Framework On Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
The Federal Framework on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Recognition, Collaboration and Support connects and builds on existing federal efforts. It focuses on occupation-related PTSD, but also acknowledges other populations affected by PTSD.
The Framework was developed to help:
- improve tracking of PTSD and its economic and social costs
- promote and share guidelines and best practices for diagnosis, treatment and management of PTSD and,
- create and distribute educational materials.
The Framework will be used to:
- strengthen knowledge creation, knowledge exchange, and collaboration across the federal government, and with partners and stakeholders
- inform practical, evidence-based public health actions, programs and policies and,
- reduce stigma and improve recognition of the symptoms and impacts of PTSD.
A review of the effectiveness of the Framework will be prepared within five years of its publication. The review will include a progress update and highlight new initiatives and their results.