Thursday, August 4, 2022

Which Of The Following Is Not True Regarding Eating Disorders

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Score 0 Of 1 8 Which Of The Following Is Not True

Eating Disorders, Overeating, and Borderline Personality Disorder

Which of the following CORRECTLY matches the eating disorder with a common consequence of the disorder? a, treatment requires a team approachb, This isnt true because although mostly girls suffer from this, body weight, and treatable eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large quantities of food ________ is a reduction in calorie intake below daily needs, Malnutrition 9.Chapter 18- Eating Disorders FlashcardsEating disorders are not psychotic disorders, Find comfort in food D, Obsessions with food, 8, 9, and shape may also signal an eating disorder, boys can too, The least common eating disorder is anorexia nervosaA:d, 335-336Types of eating disorders, or doing both bulimia losing control over how much you eat and then taking drastic action to not put on weight binge eating disorder eating large portions of food until you feel uncomfortably full1, eating disorders

What Is Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia nervosa is a condition where people have recurrent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food and feeling a lack of control over their eating. This binge eating is followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating to prevent weight gain, such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors. Unlike those with anorexia nervosa, people with bulimia nervosa may maintain a normal weight or be overweight.

Symptoms and health consequences of bulimia nervosa include:

  • Chronically inflamed and sore throat
  • Swollen salivary glands in the neck and jaw area
  • Worn tooth enamel and increasingly sensitive and decaying teeth from exposure to stomach acid when vomiting
  • Acid reflux disorder and other gastrointestinal problems
  • Intestinal distress and irritation from laxative abuse
  • Severe dehydration from purging
  • Electrolyte imbalance , which can lead to stroke or heart attack

Which Of The Following Is True Regarding The Prevalence Of Eating Disorders

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Which of the following is true regarding the prevalence of eating disorders?

The least common eating disorder is binge eating disorder

The most common eating disorder among men is binge eating disorder.

The most common eating disorder is anorexia nervosa.

Men account for 20% of individuals with both anorexia and bulimia.

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Myths About Eating Disorders And Why Theyre Not True

Mental illness, including eating disorders, comes with tremendous stigma and shame. For decades, eating disorders have been misunderstood on multiple levels, creating confusion, embarrassment, and unnecessary guilt for those who are struggling as well as their loved ones. On the surface, eating disorders often present as difficulty eating or abnormal eating behaviors, but research has shown there are many complexities involved with these mental illnesses.

On the surface, eating disorders often present as difficulty eating or abnormal eating behaviors, but research has shown there are many complexities involved with these mental illnesses.

Recognizing the stigmas around eating disorders is important to dispel the myths that may be circulating about these mental health conditions. When the truth is understood about eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder than powerful change can be created for all individuals who are affected by mental illness. Challenging the myths around eating disorders may be helpful for:

  • Improving access to treatment and care for those who are struggling
  • Increase awareness and understanding about a mental illness that could be fatal
  • Encouraging loved ones to reach out for help sooner
  • Improving the prognosis and outcomes for eating disorder sufferers

How To Overcome Binging

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The first step in overcoming binge eating is speaking to a medical professional. This person can help with a diagnosis, determine the severity of the disorder, and recommend the most appropriate treatment.

In general, the most effective treatment is CBT, but a range of treatments exists. Depending on individual circumstances, just one therapy or a combination may work best.

No matter which treatment strategy is used, it is important to also make healthy lifestyle and diet choices when possible.

Here are some additional helpful strategies:

  • Keep a food and mood diary. Identifying personal triggers is an important step in learning how to control binge impulses.
  • Practice mindfulness. This can help increase awareness of binging triggers while helping increase self-control and maintaining self-acceptance (

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Eating Disorders Are Not Treatable False

Eating disorders can feel like a life sentence, but people who are dealing with an eating disorder are more than their diagnosis. There is hope for full and complete healing, and anyone who has an eating disorder also has the opportunity to write a different story for themselves. Evidenced-based treatment, including a combination of comprehensive therapeutic and medical interventions, can be effective for improving the prognosis for anyone who may be suffering from an eating disorder . There is an opportunity to achieve a full and lasting recovery from an eating disorder and to create a life that isnt dictated by eating disorder behaviors.

Other Specified Feeding And Eating Disorder

Other specified feeding and eating disorder is a catchall category that includes a wide range of eating problems that cause significant distress and impairment but do not meet the specific criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder. OSFED, along with unspecified feeding or eating disorder , replaced the eating disorder not otherwise specified category in previous versions of the DSM.

People who are diagnosed with OSFED often feel invalidated and unworthy of help, which is not true. OSFED can also be as serious as other eating disorders and can include subclinical eating disorders.

Research shows that many people with subclinical eating disorders will go on to develop full eating disorders. Subclinical eating disorders can also describe a phase that many people in recovery pass through on their way to full recovery.

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Eating Disorders Only Happen In People With Smaller Bodies False

In many individuals, engaging in eating disorder behaviors may result in drastic weight fluctuations, including significant weight loss. However, this is not the case for all people who are dealing with an eating disorder. Eating disorders, including anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder, do not discriminate by body type and affect people in every kind of body size and shape. Eating disorders are often stereotyped to be a thinner, fragile body, but this is not a criterion for these mental illnesses. Understanding this fact is necessary for challenging the dangerous stereotypes that often depict eating disorders. Many women needing help may not do so because they believe they are not sick enough, thin enough, or has lost enough weight. Body size and weight are not factors for getting eating disorder treatment, and you simply cannot tell whether or not a person has an eating disorder by their appearance, size or weight.

Eating disorders, including anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder, do not discriminate by body type and affect people in every kind of body size and shape.

How To Treat Eating Disorders

What are the 4 Types of Eating Disorders?

Due to the insidious ways in which eating disorders pervade all aspects of ones body, mind, and life, receiving the appropriate treatment is important. There are various levels of care designed to treat specific stages of eating disorder severitythese range from inpatient at a medical facility down to outpatient. Any eating disorder treatment center can assess a struggling individual to determine the appropriate level of care.

Outside of receiving treatment in general, it is also important to ensure the facility uses evidence-based practices, as these can lead to better long-term outcomes.

There are many evidence-based treatments that can support eating disorder recovery the most well-known and most commonly used is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Dialectical Behavior Therapy , and Family-Based Treatment .

Do not be afraid to ask any questions that arise if you or a loved one are searching for the treatment that will best support recovery.

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What Are The Common Types Of Eating Disorders

Common eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and avoidant restrictive food intake disorder. Each of these disorders is associated with different but sometimes overlapping symptoms. People exhibiting any combination of these symptoms may have an eating disorder and should be evaluated by a health care provider.

What Is Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder

Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder , previously known as selective eating disorder, is a condition where people limit the amount or type of food eaten. Unlike anorexia nervosa, people with ARFID do not have a distorted body image or extreme fear of gaining weight. ARFID is most common in middle childhood and usually has an earlier onset than other eating disorders. Many children go through phases of picky eating, but a child with ARFID does not eat enough calories to grow and develop properly, and an adult with ARFID does not eat enough calories to maintain basic body function.

Symptoms of ARFID include:

  • Dramatic restriction of types or amount of food eaten
  • Lack of appetite or interest in food
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Upset stomach, abdominal pain, or other gastrointestinal issues with no other known cause
  • Limited range of preferred foods that becomes even more limited

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What Is The Treatment For Anorexia

Emergency care for anorexia may be needed in some extreme cases where dehydration, malnutrition, kidney failure, or an irregular heartbeat may pose imminent risk to life.

Emergency or not, treatment of anorexia is challenging because most people with the disorder deny they have a problem — or are so terrified of becoming overweight that they may oppose efforts to help them gain a normal weight. Like all eating disorders, anorexia requires a comprehensive treatment plan that is adjusted to meet the needs of each patient.

Goals of treatment include restoring the person to a healthy weight, treating emotional issues such as low self-esteem, correcting distorted thinking patterns, and developing long-term behavioral changes. Treatment most often involves a combination of the following treatment methods:

Tip : Develop A Healthier Relationship With Food

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Even though anorexia isnt fundamentally about food, over time youve developed harmful food habits that can be tough to break. Developing a healthier relationship with food entails:

  • Getting back to a healthy weight
  • Starting to eat more food
  • Changing how you think about yourself and food

Let go of rigid food rules. While following rigid rules may help you feel in control, its a temporary illusion. The truth is that these rules are controlling you, not the other way around. In order to get better, youll need to let go. This is a big change that will feel scary at first, but day by day, it will get easier.

Get back in touch with your body. If you have anorexia, youve learned to ignore your bodys hunger and fullness signals. You may not even recognize them anymore. The goal is to get back in touch with these internal cues, so you can eat based on your physiological needs.

Allow yourself to eat all foods. Instead of putting certain food off limits, eat whatever you want, but pay attention to how you feel physically after eating different foods. Ideally, what you eat should leave you feeling satisfied and energized.

Get rid of your scale. Instead of focusing on weight as a measurement of self-worth, focus on how you feel. Make health and vitality your goal, not a number on the scale.

Getting past your fear of gaining weight

Getting back to a normal weight is no easy task. The thought of gaining weight is probably extremely frightening, and you may be tempted to resist.

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New Ways To Find Emotional Fulfillment

Once you understand the link between your emotions and your disordered eating patternsand can identify your triggersyou still need to find alternatives to dieting that you can turn to for emotional fulfillment. For example:

If youre depressed or lonely, call someone who always makes you feel better, schedule time with family or friends, watch a comedy show, or play with a dog or cat.

If youre anxious, expend your nervous energy by dancing to your favorite music, squeezing a stress ball, or taking a brisk walk or bike ride.

If youre exhausted, treat yourself with a hot cup of tea, go for a walk, take a bath, or light some scented candles.

If youre bored, read a good book, explore the outdoors, visit a museum, or turn to a hobby you enjoy .

What Is An Eating Disorder

Eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, a form of self-starvation bulimia nervosa, in which individuals engage in repetitive cycles of binge-eating alternating with self-induced vomiting or starvation binge-eating disorder , which resembles bulimia but without compensatory behaviors to avoid weight gain avoidant restrictive food intake disorder in which people may have lack of interest in food, avoid certain textures or types of foods, or have fears and anxieties about consequences of eating unrelated to shape or weight concerns and other specified feeding and eating disorders . Eating disorders can occur in any age group, gender, ethnic or racial group.

Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are psychiatric illnesses that center on food and its consumption and are usually characterized by:

  • Excessive preoccupation with food and dissatisfaction with ones body shape or weight
  • A compulsion to engage in extreme eating habits and unhealthy methods of weight control such as: o Fasting or binge-eating o Chewing and spitting or regurgitating food o Excessive laxative, diuretic, or diet pill abuse.

These unhealthy behaviors and preoccupations can develop into a consuming passion and come to interfere with physical, psychological and social well-being.

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Anorexia Causes And Effects

There are no simple answers to the causes of anorexia. Anorexia is a complex condition that arises from a combination of many social, emotional, and biological factors. Although our cultures idealization of thinness plays a powerful role, there are many other contributing factors, including:

  • Body dissatisfaction
  • History of physical or sexual abuse
  • Other traumatic experiences
  • Family history of eating disorders

What Is Binge Eating Disorder And What Are The Symptoms

What is Bulimia? The Basics of Bulimia Nervosa [Eating Disorder Break-Down]

People with BED may eat a lot of food in a short amount of time, even if they arent hungry. Emotional stress or destress often plays a role and might trigger a period of binge eating.

A person might feel a sense of release or relief during a binge but experience feelings of shame or loss of control afterward .

For a healthcare professional to diagnose BED, three or more of the following symptoms must be present:

  • eating much more rapidly than normal
  • eating until uncomfortably full
  • eating large amounts without feeling hungry
  • eating alone due to feelings of embarrassment and shame
  • feelings of guilt or disgust with oneself

People with BED often experience feelings of extreme unhappiness and distress about their overeating, body shape, and weight (1,

  • 8 ).

An episode of binge eating can be triggered by stress, dieting, negative feelings relating to body weight or body shape, the availability of food, or boredom .

Summary

The causes of BED are not fully known. As with other eating disorders, a variety of genetic, environmental, social, and psychological risks are associated with its development.

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Breaking The Myths Regarding Eating Disorders

The notion about eating disorders have been in our society for a long time. Even though this topic is floated around, very often these eating issues have been bypassed and not given enough thought, however, now it has been plaguing our society in a large way. We have to address it seriously and reach out to the community in a larger way. One way to do that is to bust certain myths regarding this topic.

Myth #1: You can tell a person has an eating disorder just by looking at them.

This myth is father from the truth, as we are all familiar with the quote, more than meets the eye. For example: We feel that someone with eating problems will be either skin and bones or they will be so fat they that they cant move around. Not all people that have struggles with eating will show it outwardly. For the most part, it is hidden. A teenager can very well hide the fact that she starves herself to death so that she will look a certain way. There is no 100% proof that they will look emancipated. So therefore, having such a thought may not always be true. Understanding their relationship with food will help us to betterunderstand what they are going through.

Myth #2: Families are the reason why the individual is going through this.

Myth #3: Eating disorders happen only in the rich and well to do families.

Myth #4: Eating disorders are for life and this is to stay.

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How Are Eating Disorders Treated

Eating disorders can be treated successfully. Early detection and treatment are important for a full recovery. People with eating disorders are at higher risk for suicide and medical complications.

A persons family can play a crucial role in treatment. Family members can encourage the person with eating or body image issues to seek help. They also can provide support during treatment and can be a great ally to both the individual and the health care provider. Research suggests that incorporating the family into treatment for eating disorders can improve treatment outcomes, particularly for adolescents.

Treatment plans for eating disorders include psychotherapy, medical care and monitoring, nutritional counseling, medications, or a combination of these approaches. Typical treatment goals include:

  • Restoring adequate nutrition
  • Bringing weight to a healthy level
  • Reducing excessive exercise
  • Stopping binge-purge and binge-eating behaviors

People with eating disorders also may have other mental disorders or problems with substance use. Its critical to treat any co-occurring conditions as part of the treatment plan.

Specific forms of psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral approaches can treat certain eating disorders effectively. For general information about psychotherapies, visit the National Institute of Mental Health psychotherapies webpage.

Where can I find help?

For additional resources, visit the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality website.

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