What Is A Balance Disorder
A balance disorder is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy. If you are standing, sitting, or lying down, you might feel as if you are moving, spinning, or floating. If you are walking, you might suddenly feel as if you are tipping over.
Everyone has a dizzy spell now and then, but the term dizziness can mean different things to different people. For one person, dizziness might mean a fleeting feeling of faintness, while for another it could be an intense sensation of spinning that lasts a long time.
About 15 percent of American adults had a balance or dizziness problem in 2008. Balance disorders can be caused by certain health conditions, medications, or a problem in the inner ear or the brain. A balance disorder can profoundly affect daily activities and cause psychological and emotional hardship.
Your Worries Interfere With Your Day
Ultimately, an anxiety disorder may become so severe that the basic business of living becomes compromised. People suffering from OCD may need hours to get out of the house in the morning because the pillows on the bed arent arranged properly. Schoolwork and job performance may suffer because perfectionism makes it impossible to complete a project or because social anxiety makes it impossible to talk to classmates or colleagues. Things become worse when emotional symptoms lead to physical ones such as headaches, loss of appetite and sleeplessness. The question I ask first is, Is your anxiety impairing your functioning?’ says Goldberg.
Anxiety responds well to professional care. Treatment may include psychotropic medications like Zoloft or Prozac, which can at least lower the voltage of the pain. That may make it easier to embrace and practice the techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy, in which people learn to talk back to their anxiety, reframe their fears to something less extreme, and practice self-soothing techniques like mindfulness or distraction or breathing. Slow, graduated exposure to the very things people fear also helps the brain break the link between the trigger situation and the terror that follows.
No one can live a life untouched by anxiety. But with the right skills and the right help, no one needs to live one that is destroyed by it, either.
Cerebral Cortical Vestibular & Interoceptive Processing
Vestibulothalamocortical projections have been regarded as a gateway for vestibular information to interact with conscious sensory and cognitive processes. Dieterich and Brandt have reviewed imaging results with regard to the potential roles of telencephalic regions in perceptual phenomena, navigation and limbic manifestations . Functional imaging studies during caloric irrigation or galvanic stimulation have demonstrated patterns indicating increased blood flow in the regions corresponding to vestibular sensorimotor processing regions , interoceptive regions of the insula and cognition-related regions that include the posterior and anterior cingulate gyri, orbitofrontal cortex and several prefrontal fields . The fields associated with sensorimotor processing and the interoceptive insula regions were activated consistently by either caloric or galvanic stimulation the other regions were activated less consistently. The parahippocampal gyrus and hippocampus are also included because they have an important role in navigation and spatial orientation , show changes in functional imaging studies during caloric irrigation of the ear and show signs of atrophy in patients with bilateral vestibular loss .
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When To Talk With A Professional
If you have been experiencing dizziness that does not go away or has begun to interfere with your ability to function, talk with a medical professional. In most cases, testing will reveal the underlying reason behind these episodes, and treatment can help reduce or even stop the symptoms.
Sometimes, there is no visible cause for frequent dizziness. This may indicate an underlying condition such as anxiety. If this is the case, you may be referred to a therapist or other mental health professional for treatment.
Anxiety Attack Symptoms Include:
- Nausea or stomach cramps.
- Feeling detached or unreal.
Its important to seek help if youre starting to avoid certain situations because youre afraid of having a panic attack. The truth is that panic attacks are highly treatable. In fact, many people are panic free within just 5 to 8 treatment sessions.
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Anxiety And Peeing Problems
- The fight or flight system, responsible for anxiety symptoms, can cause peeing issues.
- Some people cannot control their urine, others may feel like they need to go often.
- There are biological reasons that a person cannot control urine while anxious.
- Each peeing problem has its own causes and solutions.
- Generic anxiety reduction can reduce peeing problems, and prevent other systems.
Anxiety And The Fear Of Going Crazy
- Severe and chronic anxiety can make a person feel like they are going crazy or losing control.
- Those with anxiety typically have not lost touch with reality, but may be struggling with reality.
- Different types of anxiety cause different types of crazy feelings, so knowing your anxiety type matters.
- Reality exercises are one way to stay present in the moment.
- If you feel like youre losing control, it is typically a sign that long term anxiety reduction is necessary.
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From Anxiety To Schizophrenia: Mental Health Conditions Explained
Get to know the various mental health conditions and how they affect people.
Depression. Bipolar. Anxiety. Youve probably heard these terms before, but how much do you know about these mental health conditions, and about how they affect people?
Understanding these conditions can help reduce fear and misunderstanding of mental illness, and empower everyone with the knowledge on how to care for their mental health, and that of their loved ones. Read on to find out more about some of the more common conditions.
We have compiled this resource using online materials shared by professional and expert groups . The resources on these pages are meant to be educational, and should not be taken as medical advice. If you suspect you have a mental health concern, seek help from professionals before taking any action.
Plan To Workout During Off
A quiet, empty gym has done absolute wonders for my brain on so many occasions. If crowds tend to overwhelm you or you feel more comfortable without so many eyes around try working out during off-peak hours to start.
In most places, this means super early in the morning or after the mid-morning rush. Definitely skip the hours between 4 p.m. and 7 p.m., when many folks are getting out of work.
Think mid-afternoon or right before closing time, when youll have all the machines to yourself in a much more chilled-out setting.
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Subsequent Dizziness Episodes Unleash Vicious Cycle
Once is scary enough, but for many vestibular patients it starts to happen more and more frequently, and it often strikes at random. Anxiety increases and the fear makes it hard to leave the house. What if it happens again while youre out? What if it happens while youre driving?
Of course, you go to the doctor, but there is a fair chance that your doctor wont know whats wrong with you either. The average vestibular patient sees 5 to 7 doctors before getting an accurate diagnosis, potentially suffering for years before getting any kind of helpful answer.
To make matters worse, your symptoms are invisible. You dont look sick, so everyone assumes youre fine, but theyre wrong. Youre suffering on every levelphysically, emotionally, psychologicallyand nobody really understands what youre going through. You worry that people will think you are exaggerating, or worse, that youre just lazy. Many do.
When you finally get a diagnosis, you take to the internet to learn more, but a lot of what you find conflicts with everything else you find, and its all terrifying.
The worst-case scenario becomes fixed in your mind, further amplifying your fear and anxiety. And all the while you are suffering. The vertigo and dizziness are getting worse, your quality of life is in shambles, and other symptoms are popping up as well.
There is an unbelievable amount of uncertainty and fear at every step of a vestibular patients journey.
Why Does Anxiety Cause A Sick Feeling
In general, that sick feeling is caused by a number of different factors. Just a few of which include:
- Standard Stress Response: Scientists believe that nausea, and some of the common feelings of illness, are the result of issues with related to the activation of the fight or flight response and the hormones related to stress, like cortisol.
- Gut and Abdominal Pressure: Anxiety can also lead to increased muscle tension that causes pressure on the stomach and guts. It is possible that this pressure affects how your stomach feels and thus gives you a sick feeling.
- Mild Illness: Your body fights off germs every day. Anxiety can weaken your immune system, increasing the risk of developing common minor illnesses. This may also contribute to a feeling of nausea and sickness.
Feeling ill is something that often causes concern. Some people feel so sick that they vomit or experience profound nausea that keeps them away from their activities. In this way, the physical effects of anxiety can cause further anxiety, creating a cycle.
Some people experience more than just nausea when anxious. They may experience other symptoms that are similar to catching a cold or flu. They may feel like their glands are swollen, or their tongue is dry. They may feel lightheaded. They may even cough or experience severe stomach discomfort, like indigestion.
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Are Anxiety Disorders More Common In Women
progesteroneSocial Science and Medicine
What is known for sure, says Beth Salcedo, MD, the medical director of the Ross Center for Anxiety & Related Disorders and a past board president of the ADAA, is that more often than not, women definitely experience an uptick in anxiety before menstruation, around perimenopause, and after giving birth.
What Is An Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder is a type of mental health condition. If you have an anxiety disorder, you may respond to certain things and situations with fear and dread. You may also experience physical signs of anxiety, such as a pounding heart and sweating.
Its normal to have some anxiety. You may feel anxious or nervous if you have to tackle a problem at work, go to an interview, take a test or make an important decision. And anxiety can even be beneficial. For example, anxiety helps us notice dangerous situations and focuses our attention, so we stay safe.
But an anxiety disorder goes beyond the regular nervousness and slight fear you may feel from time to time. An anxiety disorder happens when:
- Anxiety interferes with your ability to function.
- You often overreact when something triggers your emotions.
- You cant control your responses to situations.
Anxiety disorders can make it difficult to get through the day. Fortunately, there are several effective treatments for anxiety disorders.
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Extreme Anxiety And Peeing
Peeing issues are not the type of symptom that most people think of when they have problems with anxiety. That is likely the reason that something as simple as urination can cause such anxiety on its own. But anxiety really does cause peeing problems, and these problems may be similar to the health conditions that you worry about.
The biggest worry that people have and the one that causes the most distress is the inability to hold one’s bladder after extreme fear. This reaction is not that common, and it requires absolute terror to overwhelm the brain.
The reason this occurs is because the brain can only handle so many processes at any given time. Anxiety is the activation of the fight or flight response, which is a system your body uses to stay safe from harm.
There’s no evolutionary reason to care about urinating , so when you’re under extreme fear, your body essentially turns off the part of your brain responsible for keeping urine in your bladder, because it’s considered less important than the parts of your brain necessary for fighting or running away.
This tends to only occur when the body experiences profound fear, such as the reaction to a phobia, car accident, etc. But it is possible with panic attacks and post traumatic stress disorder, since these can induce some powerful anxiety responses.
What Are The Physical Symptoms Of Anxiety
Anxiety feels different for everyone and can affect our bodies in different ways. These are some of the physical symptoms of anxiety you might experience:
- faster, shallower breathing
- tightness or pain in the chest
- pins and needles in toes or fingers
- feeling faint or dizzy
- fast, thumping or irregular heartbeat
- raised blood pressure
- needing the toilet more frequently
- churning in the pit of the stomach.
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What Is Separation Anxiety Disorder
This condition mostly happens to children or teens, who may worry about being away from their parents. Children with separation anxiety disorder may fear that their parents will be hurt in some way or not come back as promised. It happens a lot in preschoolers. But older children and adults who experience a stressful event may have separation anxiety disorder as well.
How Are Anxiety And Depression Different
Anxiety and depression have distinct psychological and physical features. The main psychological symptom of anxiety is excessive worry. For example, this might include worrying a lot about the future or about getting hurt. People with anxiety also avoid situations that might be anxiety-provoking or think a lot about bad things happening.
Anxiety also can have physical symptoms. These symptoms have to do with our human fight-or-flight response. For example, people with anxiety can sometimes have an upset stomach, feel dizzy, or have a fast heartbeat. They can also sometimes have trouble sleeping.
Mental symptoms of depression are feelings of hopelessness, sadness, and worthlessness. Physical symptoms generally represent a shift in normal daily habits. For example, people with depression may have changes in their appetite, energy, and sleep. They can also sometimes find it difficult to concentrate on work or activities.
In both depression and anxiety, all of these symptoms can have a big impact on daily life.
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How Can Emotions Trigger Vertigo
The physical causes of vertigo can trigger this symptom by interfering with the balance organs in the inner ear or by affecting the blood supply to your brain, which can make you feel lightheaded and dizzy. Emotional triggers can cause vertigo in a slightly different way.
You may have heard of the flight or fight response, which is triggered by stressful, worrying or frightening situations. It happens because our adrenaline levels go up in response to these types of situations. Adrenaline activates the autonomic nervous system, which prepares our bodies to run away or fight back if we need to. It speeds up our heartbeat and breathing, dilates our eyes and makes us more alert. It can also cause unpleasant side effects such as unsteadiness, dizziness and vertigo.
You can experience these effects if youre feeling stressed, anxious or depressed. These emotions can trigger the symptoms of an underlying issue such as an inner ear condition, but they can also cause vertigo by themselves.
Changes In Digestive Function
Cortisol blocks processes that the body considers nonessential in a fight or flight situation. One of these blocked processes is digestion. Also, adrenaline reduces blood flow and relaxes the stomach muscles.
As a result, a person with anxiety may experience nausea, diarrhea, and a feeling that the stomach is churning. They may also lose their appetite.
Anxiety describes a group of disorders that cause worry, nervousness, and fear. These feelings of anxiety interfere with everyday life and are out of proportion to the triggering object or event.
In some cases, people cannot identify a trigger and feel anxious for what seems like no reason.
While people may experience mild anxiety in some situations, such as before an important presentation or meeting, persistent anxiety can interfere with a persons well-being.
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, anxiety disorders represent the most common mental illness in the United States and affect 40 million adults every year.
While these disorders respond well to treatment, only 36.9% of people with an anxiety disorder receive treatment.
A doctor will diagnose one of several anxiety disorders in a person.
Types of anxiety disorders include:
Diagnosis will depend on the type of anxiety disorder a person appears to have. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition provides criteria that can help a healthcare professional identify the issues and decide on appropriate treatment.
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Psychological Symptoms Of Gad
GAD can cause a change in your behaviour and the way you think and feel about things, resulting in symptoms such as:
- difficulty concentrating
Your symptoms may cause you to withdraw from social contact to avoid feelings of worry and dread.
You may also find going to work difficult and stressful, and may take time off sick. These actions can make you worry even more about yourself and increase your lack of self-esteem.
Phobias And Irrational Fears
A phobia is an unrealistic or exaggerated fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that in reality presents little to no danger. Common phobias include fear of animals , fear of flying, and fear of needles. In the case of a severe phobia, you might go to extreme lengths to avoid the object of your fear. Unfortunately, avoidance only strengthens the phobia.
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