How The Brain Works During A Phobia
Some areas of the brain store and recall dangerous or potentially deadly events.
If a person faces a similar event later on in life, those areas of the brain retrieve the stressful memory, sometimes more than once. This causes the body to experience the same reaction.
In a phobia, the areas of the brain that deal with fear and keep retrieving the frightening event inappropriately.
Researchers have found that phobias are
What Is The Most Common Phobia
The most common phobia is usually said to be agoraphobia. This is because it covers a huge range of scenarios where a person feels that they are unsafe in a situation from which they cannot easily escape.
This could mean they are on a bus, in a car, in a wide-open space, in a confined space, in a tunnel there is a huge range of possibilities.
In addition, there are a number of very common phobias, specific and complex:
- Acrophobia the fear of heights.
- Aerophobia the fear of flying.
- Arachnophobia the fear of spiders.
- Aquaphobia the fear of water.
- Blood, injury and injection phobia the fear of injuries involving blood.
- Claustrophobia the fear of being in a confined space.
- Hypochondria the fear of becoming ill.
- Ophidiophobia the fear of snakes.
- Zoophobia the fear of animals
Appendix I: Phobias And Phobic Stimuli
A phobia is a persistent, irrational fear of an object, event, activity, or situation, called the phobic stimulus, resulting in a compelling desire to avoid ita more detailed definition is given under the headword phobia in the main body of the dictionary, and the correct term for irrational fears that do not qualify as true phobias is defined under the headword paraphobia. This is probably a more comprehensive inventory of phobias and their etymologies than any previously published, but it has no pretensions to completeness. Virtually anything is capable of becoming a phobic stimulus, and names of phobias are often coined as nonce words, hence the number of potential phobias is unlimited, and any attempt to list them exhaustively would be futile. The entries in this appendix are restricted to phobias that have been discussed in serious publications or catalogued in general or specialist reference works. In addition to etymologies, the table includes cross-references and occasional comments on usage. Phobias with separate entries in the main body of the dictionary are flagged.
The Origin Of Phobias
I am scared of Spiders and also, of being high up. Guess what! My mother was afraid of the same things, and so is my son. So I started thinking about this and I have come to realize that Parents, without meaning to do it, can actually make their children afraid!
Years ago, when humanity was new, children learned from their parents, about what was dangerous in their world. Parents would run from a snake, or a wild animal, with their children, and of course the children learned to fear the snake too. We all have a response to fear built into our genes. Its called ‘The Fight Or Flight Response’. Our bodies flood with adrenalin and our heart beats quicker, our breathing-rate increases to provide us with more oxygen for what we intend to do. The question is… Do we run, or do we stay and fight?”
This response has kept humanity alive, but there are times when the ‘Fight Or Flight Response’, occurs when it does not need to. Most spiders are harmless and are more afraid of us than we are of them, but try telling ME that when I see one! My mother also screamed when she saw a spider and because I was exposed to that fear, it became MY fear as well. I am not blaming my Mother for this, but if she had realized what she was doing to me, maybe she would have tried to have her phobia cured.
I have a website. It is
Unlocking The Origin Of Fear
Mice Lacking the Stathmin Gene Don’t Show Normal Fear Responses
Nov. 17, 2005 — Scientists have a new clue about the roots of fear.
This fear factor doesn’t go bump in the night. Instead, it’s a gene — the stathmin gene, to be precise.
Mice without that gene behave differently from normal mice. They act, well, less mousy in situations that scare normal mice, Gleb Shumyatsky, PhD, and colleagues report in Cell.
Shumyatsky is an assistant professor of genetics at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.
Another expert who worked on the study was Eric Kandel, MD, of Columbia University. Kandel shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with two other researchers.
When To See A Doctor
A person should see a doctor if they have a phobia that is interfering with their everyday activities.
Sometimes, however, a persons phobia may limit their ability to seek treatment. For example, a person who has severe agoraphobia may fear leaving the house to seek treatment. Likewise, a person who has a fear of healthcare providers or medical procedures may avoid visiting their doctor.
In some cases, a person may feel more comfortable talking to a healthcare provider over the phone. The ADAA have a helpful search tool that allows people to find a psychotherapist in their area.
Why Is Friday The 13th Unlucky
According to biblical tradition, 13 guests attended the Last Supper, held on Maundy Thursday, including Jesus and his 12 apostles . The next day, of course, was Good Friday, the day of Jesus crucifixion.
The seating arrangement at the Last Supper is believed to have given rise to a longstanding superstition that having 13 guests at a table was a bad omenspecifically, that it was courting death.
Though Fridays negative associations are weaker, some have suggested they also have roots in Christian tradition: Just as Jesus was crucified on a Friday, Friday was also said to be the day Eve gave Adam the fateful apple from the Tree of Knowledge, as well as the day Cain killed his brother, Abel.
Other Types Of Phobias
Many people dislike certain situations or objects, but to be a true phobia, the fear must interfere with daily life. Here are a few more of the most common ones:
Glossophobia: This is known as performance anxiety, or the fear of speaking in front of an audience. People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people. <Glossophobia treatments can include either therapy or medication.
Acrophobia: This is the fear of heights. People with this phobia avoid mountains, bridges, or the higher floors of buildings. Symptoms include , , , and feeling as if theyll pass out or lose consciousness.
Claustrophobia: This is a fear of enclosed or tight spaces. Severe claustrophobia can be especially disabling if it prevents you from riding in cars or elevators. <Learn more about claustrophobia, from additional symptoms to treatment options.
Aviophobia: This is also known as the fear of flying.
Dentophobia: Dentophobia is a fear of the dentist or dental procedures. This phobia generally develops after an unpleasant experience at a dentists office. It can be harmful if it prevents you from obtaining needed dental care.
Hemophobia: This is a phobia of blood or injury. A person with hemophobia may faint when they come in contact with their own blood or another persons blood.
Arachnophobia: This means fear of spiders.
Cynophobia: This is a fear of dogs.
Ophidiophobia: People with this phobia fear snakes.
Comparison With Other Mental Health Professions
Although clinical psychologists and can be said to share a same fundamental aimthe alleviation of mental distresstheir training, outlook, and methodologies are often quite different. Perhaps the most significant difference is that psychiatrists are licensed physicians. As such, psychiatrists often use the to assess psychological problems and can use as a method of addressing the illnessalthough many also employ as well. Psychiatrists are able to conduct physical examinations, order and interpret laboratory tests and , and may order brain imaging studies such as or , , and scanning.
Clinical psychologists generally do not medication, although there is a movement for psychologists to have . These medical privileges require additional training and education. To date, may prescribe psychotropic medications in Guam, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, New Mexico, Louisiana, the Public Health Service, the Indian Health Service, and the United States Military.
Az List Of Some Of The More Common Phobias
While not comprehensive, this phobia list offers a glimpse of the many phobias that can have a serious impact on a person’s life. As you may notice while you browse through this list, most specific phobias fall into one of four major categories:
- Fears of the natural environment
- Fears related to animals
- Fear related to medical treatments or issues
- Fears related to specific situations
One important thing to remember is that virtually any object can become a fear object. The names of specific phobias are often formed as nonce words, or words coined for a single occasion only.
These names themselves are often formed by taking a Greek prefix that represents the fear object and adding the -phobia suffix. Because of this, any attempt at a completely exhaustive list of phobias would simply be an exercise in futility. Any list of phobias could grow with the addition of newly coined terms for previously unnamed specific phobias.
While listing all of the phobias that may exist is not possible, it can be helpful to look through a list of some of the more commonly described phobias. As you can see by looking at this list, almost any object or situation can become the source of fear.
Decoding Geumaphobia The Fear Of Taste
Do you get extremely anxious just at the thought of tasting food? You probably face extreme discomfort at the prospect of eating. Youre always scared of the unpleasant flavor that food might leave in your mouth. If thats the case with you, you must be suffering from Geumaphobia.
A Phobia of Fear or Disgust?
You might be wondering, is there a fear of taste? What is the fear of taste called Although its uncommon to encounter someone who dislikes food, Geumaphobia is a strange food phobia about the idea of flavor rather than the taste itself. This article addresses the reasons why people develop this fear and how to deal with it.
+ Important Phobias List For General Awareness
The knowledge of important phobias list is critical as the topic is covered under the general awareness section of various government exams and other competitive exams.
What is Phobia?
Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is an irrational fear of some object or environment or something that is unlikely to cause any harm to the person. The word Phobia is derived from the Greek word phobo which means horror or fear.
Examples of phobias:
- Phobophobia Fear of Fears
- Agoraphobia fear of places that triggers helplessness
Candidates preparing for various Government exams such as SSC, RRB, Bank, etc. might encounter 1-2 questions related to important phobias in the general knowledge section of these examinations.
Hence the article will provide the list of phobias. Candidates will get 100+ important phobias in alphabetical order along with the sample questions asked in the exams based on Fear or Phobias.
Important Phobias List:-
Everything You Need To Know About Geumaphobia
What is Geumaphobia? Geumaphobia is a phobia or fear of taste. Also known as Geumophobia, it is derived from the Greek words geuma for taste and phobos for fear. Even though it may seem implausible, some people do suffer from this rather inconvenient phobia. People may be perplexed by this fear since they may question how taste can be threatening or disgusting. Is it simply a phobia of unpleasant taste? No, Geumophobia is the fear of any taste or flavor. To put a Geumaphobic person to the test, add a little lime and salt to their diet. Then watch their reaction. Here it is necessary to not get geumophobia and germaphobia confused. They differ from each other. Germaphobia is the fear of germs.
Do I Have A Fear Of Taste?
You may have Geumophobia if you cant tolerate certain tastes or flavors in your cooking or meals to the point that they make you anxious. This fear can hamper your lifestyle, especially if you have to eat meals cooked by others regularly, such as at canteens or in dormitory mess rooms. This pathological dread of flavors is accompanied by a range of symptoms that are difficult to miss, especially because it concerns an essential aspect of our life food and nourishment.
Training And Certification To Practice
Clinical psychologists study a generalist program in psychology plus postgraduate training and/or clinical placement and supervision. The length of training differs across the world, ranging from four years plus post-Bachelors supervised practice to a doctorate of three to six years which combines clinical placement. In the US, about half of all clinical psychology graduate students are being trained in programsa model that emphasizes researchwith the other half in programs, which has more focus on practice . Both models are accredited by the and many other English-speaking psychological societies. A smaller number of schools offer accredited programs in clinical psychology resulting in a , which usually takes two to three years post-Bachelors.
The practice of clinical psychology requires a license in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and many other countries. Although each of the U.S. states is somewhat different in terms of requirements and licenses, there are three common elements:
Specific Or Simple Phobias
Specific or simple phobias centre around a particular object, animal, situation or activity.
They often develop during childhood or adolescence and may become less severe as you get older.
Common examples of simple phobiasinclude:
- animal phobias such as dogs, spiders, snakes or rodents
- environmental phobiassuch as heights, deep water and germs
- situational phobiassuch as visitingthe dentist or flying
- bodily phobias such as blood, vomit or having injections
- sexual phobias such as performance anxiety or the fear of getting asexually transmitted infection
Professional Help For The Fear Of Flavor The Options Available
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is one of the most effective techniques for managing phobias. It is a therapy technique aimed at improving your mental well-being by attempting to change the way you think. It also tries to help in understanding why you believe or react the way you do when exposed to the stimulus. At the end of the treatments, you should have determined the root of fear and reduced the symptoms. Exposure therapy is another treatment performed by a physician who will urge you to confront your phobia. This is why it is called Exposure Therapy. In the case of Geumophobia, the therapist may make you taste foods or flavors that you have an aversion to. The more you are exposed to it over time, the less severe the symptoms will be.
Friday The 13th In Pop Culture
An important milestone in the history of the Friday the 13th legend in particular occurred in 1907, with the publication of the novel Friday, the Thirteenth written by Thomas William Lawson.
The book told the story of a New York City stockbroker who plays on superstitions about the date to create chaos on Wall Street, and make a killing on the market.
The horror movie Friday the 13th, released in 1980, introduced the world to a hockey mask-wearing killer named Jason, and is perhaps the best-known example of the famous superstition in pop culture history. The movie spawned multiple sequels, as well as comic books, novellas, video games, related merchandise and countless terrifying costumes.
May Prompt New Treatments
“This is a major advance in the field of learning and memory that will allow for a better understanding of posttraumatic stress disorder, , borderline personality disorder, and other human anxiety diseases,” Shumyatski says in a news release.
“It will provide important information on how learned and innate fear is experienced and processed and may point the way to apply new therapies,” he continues.
The Different Types Of Phobia
There are usually said to be two different types of phobia:
1) Specific phobias
Specific phobias are just what they sound like. They are an intense, irrational fear of a specific item, object, animal, or situation this is usually called a trigger.
A common example of this type of phobia is arachnophobia, the fear of spiders, for which many types of arachnids can be the trigger.
Because a person can usually live their life by avoiding specific items such as this, specific phobias do not normally cause severe impairment in the way an individual can live their life.
2) Complex phobias
The triggers of complex phobias are more difficult to spot. The two most common complex phobias are social phobia and agoraphobia.
Although it is commonly thought of as the fear of open spaces, agoraphobia is actually the fear of a situation from which it is difficult to escape from.
Because the triggers of complex phobias tend to be trickier to diagnose, they can cause severe problems. People who suffer from them try to live their lives by avoiding otherwise common situations, such as being outside of their home or a certain type of social situation.
Examples Of Phobia In A Sentence
phobiaphobia Good Housekeepingphobia Washington Postphobia New York Timesphobia CNNphobiaSmithsonian Magazinephobia NBC NewsphobiaPEOPLE.comphobia Los Angeles Times
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘phobia.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
World War Ii And The Integration Of Treatment
When broke out, the military once again called upon clinical psychologists. As soldiers began to return from combat, psychologists started to notice symptoms of psychological trauma labeled “shell shock” that were best treated as soon as possible. Because physicians were over-extended in treating bodily injuries, psychologists were called to help treat this condition. At the same time, female psychologists formed the National Council of Women Psychologists with the purpose of helping communities deal with the stresses of war and giving young mothers advice on child rearing. After the war, the in the U.S. made an enormous investment to set up programs to train doctoral-level clinical psychologists to help treat the thousands of veterans needing care. As a consequence, the U.S. went from having no formal university programs in clinical psychology in 1946 to over half of all Ph.D.s in psychology in 1950 being awarded in clinical psychology.
WWII helped bring dramatic changes to clinical psychology, not just in America but internationally as well. Graduate education in psychology began adding psychotherapy to the science and research focus based on the 1947 , known today as the Boulder Model, for Ph.D. programs in clinical psychology. Clinical psychology in developed much like in the U.S. after WWII, specifically within the context of the with qualifications, standards, and salaries managed by the .
Examples Of Causes Of Phobias
- Past incidents or traumas. Certain situations might have a lasting effect on how you feel about them. For example, if you experienced a lot of turbulence on a plane at a young age, you might develop a phobia of flying. Or if you were injured by a dog some years ago, you might develop a phobia of dogs.
- Learned responses from early life. Your phobia may develop from factors in your childhood environment. For example you might have parents or guardians who are very worried or anxious. This may affect how you cope with anxiety in later life. You might develop the same specific phobia as a parent or older sibling. If they have a severe reaction to something they fear, this might influence you to feel the same way.
- Reactions and responses to panic or fear. You might have a strong reaction, or a panic attack, in response to a situation or object. You may find yourself feeling embarrassed by this. Especially if people around you react strongly to your response. You could develop even more intense anxiety about the idea of this happening again.
- Experiencing long-term stress. Stress can cause feelings of and . It can reduce your ability to cope in particular situations. This might make you feel more fearful or anxious about being in those situations again. Over a long period, this could develop into a phobia.
- Genetic factors. Research suggests that some people are more vulnerable to developing a phobia than others.
See our page on treatment for phobias for more information.
A Volume In Brat Series In Clinical Psychology
What Is A Phobia What Causes A Phobia And How To Overcome It
A phobia is an intense disproportional fear of a certain object or situation.
For many people, having a phobia can be something which barely affects them
For others, its a constant struggle and one which has a huge impact on their daily life.
Read on if you want to learn about common phobias, the most important types of phobias and perhaps most vital of all how to overcome them:
A Diy Guide To All Things Psychology Greg Korgeski Phd
Human behavior is not always logical. Sometimes we do things weve promised ourselves that we would absolutely not dono siree! I wont reach for another cookie today. Nope! No way! and we watch our hands reach up and snag that chocolate chip cookie anyway.
One of the strange things our minds can do is to become afraid of things that we logically know are not dangerous. That little garter snake cant hurt me! Getting a shot is safenothing to faint about! Airplanes are safe! Right?
Tell that to your mind. The fact is, many of us have strong, even uncontrollable fear reactions to harmless things. These reactions are uncomfortable and may even disrupt our lives. These reactions are called phobias.
Most of the time, people define a phobia with the phrase fear of ___ . Most phobias have technical terms that start with a Greek or Latin phrase and end in the suffix -phobia, as in ophidiophobia , trypanophobia , or aviophobia .
A Look at Phobias in History
Phobias are actually rich, varied, and complex. We know that people have had phobias for thousands of years. But its only been recently that weve known much about those fearsor even known enough to call them by the term phobias.
The first written reference to phobic problems that we have is in the works of the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates . Hippocrates wrote about the many ailments and problems of his patients, and we can still read many of his volumes of observations today.
What Bad Things Happened On Friday 13th
On Friday, October 13, 1307, officers of King Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of the Knights Templar, a powerful religious and military order formed in the 12th century for the defense of the Holy Land.
Imprisoned on charges of various illegal behaviors , many Templars were later executed. Some cite the link with the Templars as the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition, but like many legends involving the Templars and their history, the truth remains murky.
In more recent times, a number of traumatic events have occurred on Friday the 13th, including the German bombing of Buckingham Palace ; the murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York ; a cyclone that killed more than 300,000 people in Bangladesh ; the disappearance of a Chilean Air Force plane in the Andes ; the death of rapper Tupac Shakur and the crash of the Costa Concordia cruise ship off the coast of Italy, which killed 30 people .