How A Talking Therapy Can Help
Sometimes it’s easier to talk to a stranger than to relatives or friends.
During talking therapy, a trained counsellor or therapist listens to you and helps you find your own answers to problems, without judging you.
The therapist will give you time to talk, cry, shout or just think. It’s an opportunity to look at your problems in a different way with someone who’ll respect you and your opinions.
Usually, you’ll talk one-to-one with the therapist. Sometimes talking treatments are held in groups or couples, such as relationship counselling.
Although there are lots of different types of talking therapy, they all have a similar aim: to help you feel better.
Some people say that talking therapies do not make their problems go away, but they find it easier to cope with them and feel happier.
Different Types Of Psychotherapy
We addressed CBT and IPT above, and now we will address some other types of psychotherapies that are used for the effective treatment of depression.
Psychodynamic therapy is a traditional type of therapy where your therapist will explore your behavior patterns and any motivation that you are not aware of that contributes to your depression. Oftentimes, this therapy focuses on any trauma that you experienced as a child.
Individual counseling takes place as a one-on-one session with you and your therapist. A therapist in this situation could be a nurse practitioner, licensed clinical social worker, psychologist, psychiatrist, or a doctor. Whatever the job title of the person with you in the session, they would have had experience treating depression and other types of disorders that are related to mood. The therapist in this situation will talk to you about your depression. They will help you to understand and implement strategies to manage your stress and keep you from worsening your depression or from recurring depression.
These types of sessions are ideal for identifying specific triggers and stresses that bring on depression or that worsen it. A therapist can work with your issues at work or home and can help you to maintain healthy connections with your friends and family members. Your therapist will help you to make good choices and adopt good habits such as seeing your doctor regularly and getting adequate amounts of sleep.
What Are The Benefits
There are a number of benefits of psychotherapy, these include:
Giving a new perspective on problems
Improving your ability to stick to the treatment
Giving you the tools you need to cope with the side effects of your medication
Helping you to learn to talk to people about your condition
Identifying early signs of depression before they get too bad
Overcoming Depression: How Psychologists Help With Depressive Disorders
Depression is extreme sadness or despair that lasts more than days and affects people in different ways. Fortunately, depression is highly treatable.
Overcoming depression: How psychologists help with depressive disorders.
Everyone experiences sadness at times. But depression is something more. Depression is extreme sadness or despair that lasts more than days. It interferes with the activities of daily life and can even cause physical pain. Fortunately, depression is highly treatable.
Depression, also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. In 2014, an estimated 15.7 million adults in the U.S. about 6.7 percent of all U.S. adults had at least one major depressive episode, according to the National Institute of Mental Health .
How Can Massage Therapy Help Relieve Depression
When your muscles and connective tissues become stiff or rigid, it can cause pain and limit your movement. Massage therapy can help relieve this tension in your muscles and connective tissues. It also increases your blood flow and promotes relaxation.
If you have depression, massage therapy probably wont cure your condition. But it may help relieve the physical symptoms associated with it. For example, massage may help alleviate sluggishness, back pain, joint pain, and muscle aches. It can also help relieve fatigue and sleeping problems.
When Will I Feel Better From Talk Therapy
You may not feel better right away from talk therapy, but over time, you should start to notice some improvement. You might notice that relationships are getting easier or that your overall mood has improved. Or you might feel better able to understand your feelings or actions.
If you arenât feeling any better, talk with your therapist. They may be able to try another approach to therapy or refer you for other kinds of treatment. Or you might benefit from seeing someone else. You may need to see more than one therapist to find the type of therapy thatâs right for you.
Therapy is not always easy and can sometimes even be painful as you work through difficult problems. But if you stick with it, talk therapy can also be gratifying and rewarding — and can give you the tools you need to help ease your depression.
Can These Methods Of Therapy Help With Anxiety And Depression
These methods are commonly used to treat anxiety and depression.Be it with the help of therapists or through self-help methods.
But do they work?After all, for all you know, these so-called experts know nothing and are only after your money!
Allow me to tell you right now: You have no reason to worry about that.
CBT is a wildly successful method, and there is more than enough evidence to back it up.
This study included 75 participants, all of which were randomly registered for either CBT counseling or a waiting list.
After 16 sessions of individual CBT, the two groups were compared one to another.The results showed that, compared to the waiting list, the CBT participants showed a greater reduction in negative emotions.
At the very least, this shows us that CBT is better than receiving no help at all.
Another study tested the effectiveness of group therapy on anxiety.The participants were 31 individuals who were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Out of the 31 participants, 17 completed at least 20 therapy sessions and have shown a significant reduction in their anxiety.
What Can It Do
Psychotherapy is used to help people find ways of dealing with their everyday stressors. It can help people to use their medications properly so that they can see the relief they need.
There are multiple studies that show that therapy is a possible treatment for depression. There are equal amounts that also showed that combining Psychotherapy with medication can increase the possibility of success.
What Does Psychodynamic Therapy Do
Psychodynamic therapy is a modern evolution of psychoanalysis, and it is similarly aimed at the development of insight into oneself, specifically understanding of the problem situations and personal vulnerabilities that set the stage for depression. The therapist takes an active role in guiding therapy, and the relationship between therapist and patient is a major conduit of recovery. While CBT and IPT are staunchly present-focused, psychodynamic therapy may examine current difficulties in the context of earlier life experiences and relationships.
Treating Depression And Anxiety
According to the National Institute of Mental Health , approximately 25 percent of U.S. adults struggle with depression, anxiety or some combination of both. In any given year, approximately 6.9 percent of American adults about 16 million people live with depression. Approximately 18.1 percent about 42 million live with anxiety.
NIMH estimates that an even greater percentage of adolescents ages 12-18 struggle with depression and anxiety approximately 9.1 percent and 25.1 percent, respectively. The precise incidence in children is unclear.
These numbers are staggering but perhaps not as eye-opening as another number. According to NIMH, 50 to 60 percent of those living with anxiety and depression receive no mental health services.
But what about those who do seek help? What works? Which treatments should counselors know about? Counseling Today asked several practitioners to discuss the steps theyre taking to help clients who are engaged in struggles with anxiety and depression.
Beth Patterson, a licensed professional counselor with a private practice in Denver, uses an eclectic mix of mindfulness practices, epigenetics and, in some cases, eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing to help clients with depression and anxiety. I see a mix of depression and anxiety. Theyre really closely related. The same brain chemicals are involved, she says.
Balancing the brain
The gender gap
Pregnancy and depression
Does Therapy Cure Depression
Therapy gives you the tools to manage depression on a daily basis. You can find coping strategies that suit your lifestyle, and you can bring closure to difficult moments from the past. Is that a cure for depression? Not necessarily. There is no guarantee that your depression will not creep up in the future. However, you can rest assured that the tools you learn in therapy will better prepare you for personal obstacles in the future.
If you are interest in depression counseling near you, contact Sherman Counseling. We have many specialists on staff, including grief counselors, trauma therapists, couples therapists, depression counselors, family counselors, and much more. You will be matched with the best therapist to help you overcome depression. Give us a call to start your journey.
Getting Started: Talk Therapy For Depression
âTalk therapy can give you the skills to help handle your depression, so for many people itâs a very empowering experience,â says Larry Christensen, PhD, professor of psychology at the University of South Alabama in Mobile. âThis makes it effective over a long period of time.â
If you have mild to moderate depression, talk therapy might be all you need to feel better. But if you have more severe depression, you might benefit from medication in addition to talk therapy. Here are some tips for getting started.
Nature Of Cognitive Therapy
Cognitive therapy is a treatment process that helps patients correct false self-beliefs that lead to certain moods and behaviors. The fundamental principle behind cognitive therapy is that a thought precedes a mood, and that both are interrelated with a persons environment, physical reaction, and subsequent behavior. Therefore, changing a thought that arises in a given situation will change mood, behavior, and physical reaction. Although it is unclear who benefits most from cognitive therapy, motivated patients who have an internal locus of control and the capacity for introspection likely would benefit most.
During cognitive therapy, the therapist helps the patient work through several steps. First, the patient accepts that some of his or her perceptions and interpretations of reality may be false and that these interpretations lead to negative thoughts. Next, the patient learns to recognize the negative thoughts and discovers alternative thoughts that reflect reality more closely. The patient then decides internally whether the evidence supports the negative thought or the alternative thought. Ideally, the patient will recognize distorted thinking and reframe the situation. As cognitive therapy progresses, it focuses more on reframing deeply held or core beliefs about self and the world.
The Use Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy According To Severity Of Depression
Various trials have shown the benefit of combined treatment for severe depression.
Combined therapy though costlier than monotherapy it provides cost-effectiveness in the form of relapse prevention.
Number of sessions depends on patient responsiveness.
Booster sessions might be required at the intervals of the 112th month as per the clinical need.
A model for reference is given in
How Does Music Therapy Help Depression
You can learn how the power of music can be used for treatment of depression.
Depression is a mental disorder in which a person becomes unhappy, or depressed. The signs and symptoms of depression are different for different people.
However, for most people, the symptoms include feeling tired, not being able to concentrate, sleeping more or less than usual, changes in appetite and lack of motivation.
Depression can be treated and the situation can improve with appropriate treatment and proper care. One of the ways of getting a proper treatment and care for depression is music therapy.
It works just as effective as traditionalpsychiatric treatment.
Does Therapy Help In Ways That Medication Does Not
Many studies have evaluate the effects of psychotherapy vs. medications. Medication for depression may relieve symptoms more quickly than therapy, but the symptom relief lasts only as long as medication is taken. Therapy has enduring effects; it not only relieves symptoms of a current episode of depression but reduces the risk of future episodes. Studies show that both types of treatment change the way the brain functions. Therapy gives people insight into how their own patterns of reactions to negative experience set off a downward spiral of thinking that lead to depression. It also fosters the development of coping skills that interrupt the chain of reactivity. Further, therapy restores a sense of control, something no medication can deliver. Perhaps most important, the bond that develops between patient and therapist becomes an instrument of support and recovery.
How Behavioral Therapy Helps Treat Depression
There are all sorts of applications for behavior therapy, and one of the most common uses is treating depression. Behavioral therapy for depression works well because it teaches patients how to deal with the stressors that may be contributing to depression. Depression has many physical factors, such as the decreased production of certain neurotransmitters, so therapy alone is usually not enough to treat it. However, behavioral therapy does help patients better navigate all the challenges of living with depression.
The exact way that behavioral therapy for depression assists a patient will depend on what sort of therapy they choose to attend. It can help with all sorts of harmful behavior that worsens depression, such as taking things too personally, dwelling on negative details, ignoring positive experiences, or being overly self-critical. By working with a behavioral therapist, patients with depression can develop more constructive thought patterns and actions.
Benefits Of Massage Therapy
When performed by a trained professional, massage therapy is generally safe for most people. Youll find that it provides immediate gratification. You may feel relaxed and calm from the time your massage begins. You can combine it with more conventional treatment for depression, such as medication and psychotherapy.
What Does Cognitive Behavoral Therapy Do
CBT takes straight aim at the distorted ways of thinkingoften acquired early in lifethat are typical of depressed people, and study upon study has proved its effectiveness. It is based on the evidence that negatively-biased thinking and beliefs give rise to the feelings of hopelessness and despair that are typical of depression, and changing thoughts changes emotions. Studies show that in depression, dysfunction in neural circuitry inclines patients to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future, and therapy effectively alters patterns of neural transmission. CBT involves an active collaboration between patient and therapist that guides patients to challenge and test their own thoughts and beliefs, try out new behavioral strategies, and to curb reactivity to distressing situations.
How Is Progress Evaluated In Therapy
While unstructured interactions with patients under their care can provide a window into patient functioning, therapists providing good care make regular assessments of a patients clinical status using criteria that have been validated in many studies. To know whether and how much depression is improving, they regularly monitor treatment progress by measuring the severity of multiple symptoms of depression on standardized scales. The most widely used assessment instrument is the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, or Ham-D, which gauges progress in 21 constellations of symptoms, from level of sadness to degree of guilty feelings to lack of energy to sleep problems. Severity is rated for each cluster of symptoms. Comparison of results over several sessions provides an accurate picture of treatment effectiveness and indicates areas where more intensive work may be needed.
Antidepressants And Depression Therapy
Antidepressant medications can be very helpful for reducing the symptoms of depression in some people, particularly in cases of moderate-to-severe depression. Many healthcare providers treating depression may favor using a combination of depression psychotherapy and medications. Given the possibility of medication side effects, any use of medication requires close monitoring by the prescribing physician.
Antidepressants may also stabilize a person enough to make them more successful at depression therapy. For people who too depressed, psychotherapy may not be useful on its own. By conducting a thorough assessment, a mental health professional can make recommendations about an effective depression treatment plan.
Depression In Children And Adolescents
Depression is common in adolescents. In 2014, an estimated 2.8 million children age 12-17 in the U.S. had at least one major depressive episode, according to NIMH.
Adolescents are often moody. But if your child is extremely irritable, has ongoing problems with motivation, or has persistent sadness that lasts two weeks or more, it’s a good idea to have him or her evaluated for depression.
While antidepressant medications can be effective for children and adolescents, they can have side effects in young people, including an increased risk of suicidal thoughts. For that reason, many parents and healthcare providers prefer to try treating children with psychotherapy first. Both CBT and IPT are effective treatments for young people with depression. Studies also show that a combination of antidepressant medication and cognitive behavior therapy is highly effective in treating youth depression.
The good news is that most kids recover from depression. Still, research shows that people who have depression as children are at a higher risk of having a recurrence later in adolescence or adulthood. Both CBT and IPT can help kids recognize the signs of a depressive episode, so that they can monitor their symptoms and get help quickly if they experience a recurrence.
The American Psychological Association gratefully acknowledges Laura Mufson, PhD, Lynn Bufka, PhD, and C. Vaile Wright, PhD for contributing to this fact sheet.
Cognitive Therapy For Depression: A Thinking Problem
Cognitive therapy was developed in the 1960s as an alternative way to treat depression, says Judith S. Beck, PhD. Beck is director of the Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research located outside Philadelphia. She tells WebMD that the principle underlying cognitive therapy is “thoughts influence moods.”
According to cognitive therapists, depression is maintained by constant negative thoughts. These thoughts are known as automatic thoughts. That means they occur without a conscious effort. For example, a depressed person might have automatic thoughts like these:
- “I always fail at everything.”
- “I’m the world’s worst mother.”
- “I am doomed to be unhappy.”
Beck says automatic thoughts “may have a grain of truth. But,” she adds, “the depressed person distorts or exaggerates the reality of the situation.” This negative distortion helps fuel the depression.
With cognitive therapy, a person learns to recognize and correct negative automatic thoughts. Over time, the depressed person will be able to discover and correct deeply held but false beliefs that contribute to the depression.
“It’s not the power of positive thinking,” Beck says. “It’s the power of realistic thinking. People find that when they think more realistically, they usually feel better.”
Vitamins And Supplements For Depression
The jury is still out on how well herbal remedies, vitamins, or supplements work in treating depression. While many supplements are widely available over the counter, in many cases their efficacy has not been scientifically proven. If your depression symptoms are in part due to nutritional deficiency, you may benefit from vitamin supplements, but this should be on the advice of your healthcare professional.
If you decide to try natural and herbal supplements, remember that they can have side effects and drug or food interactions. For example, St. Johns Worta promising herb used for treatment of mild to moderate depressioncan interfere with prescription drugs such as blood thinners, birth control pills, and prescription antidepressants. Make sure your doctor or therapist knows what you are taking.
Psychotherapy For Depression Treatment
If there is no underlying medical cause for your symptoms of depression, talk therapy can be an extremely effective treatment. What you learn in therapy gives you skills and insight to feel better and help prevent depression from coming back.
There are many types of therapy available. Three of the more common methods used in depression treatment include cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and psychodynamic therapy. Often, a blended approach is used.
Some types of therapy teach you practical techniques on how to reframe negative thinking and employ behavioral skills in combating depression. Therapy can also help you work through the root of your depression, helping you understand why you feel a certain way, what your triggers are for depression, and what you can do to stay healthy.
Cognitive Therapy For Depression: How It Works
Cognitive therapy posits that most problems have several parts. Those parts include:
- the problem as the person sees it
- the person’s thoughts about the problem
- the person’s emotions surrounding the problem
- the person’s physical feelings at the time
- the person’s actions before, during, and after the problem occurs
The way cognitive therapy works is a patient learns to “disassemble” problems into these various parts. Once a person does that, problems that seemed overwhelming become manageable.
During regular cognitive therapy sessions, a trained therapist teaches the tools of cognitive therapy. Then between sessions, the patient often does homework. That homework helps the person learn how to apply the tools to solve specific life problems.
“They make small changes in their thinking and behavior every day,” Beck says. “Then over time, these small changes lead to lasting improvement in mood and outlook.”
How Will Know That Therapy Is Working
Feeling better is a good yardstick, but it is by no means the only measure of therapeutic effectiveness. Mental health professionals regularly assess the progress of therapy and rely on two important tools to monitor patient gains. One is their own experienced judgment of the patients ability to engage in the therapeutic process. The other is a standardized symptom rating scale that assesses patient standing on each of the constellation of symptoms of depression, from personal outlook to physical slowness. Has the veil on thinking or sluggishness of thought or speech persisted, lifted slightly, lifted significantly, or completely disappeared? Does the patient weep frequently, occasionally, or not at all? The most widely used symptom checklist is the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, often called the Ham-D.
What Does Interpersonal Therapy Do
Like CBT, IPT is a short-term, present-oriented therapy. Its primary target, however, is the difficultiy in interpersonal functioning that both gives rise to and results from depression. Many studies support the value of ameliorating interpersonal distress as a route to relieving depression. IPT focuses on four major interpersonal problem areasunresolved or complicated grief, struggles with a significant other , role transitions such as the end of a marriage or becoming physically ill, and frank deficits in interpersonal skills. Patients learn to understand which problem area is linked to onset of their episode of depression and to directly redress those difficulties, often by learning how to better express their emotions. With supportive guidance from the therapist, they learn new communication strategies and may even rehearse through role play new solutions to longstanding social difficulties.
Is Group Therapy Ever Helpful
Although depression is a very individualized disorder, with each patient exhibiting a distinctive patterns of symptoms, group therapy can sometimes be helpful. One area of special value may be group education in coping skills, problem-solving skills, and techniques for managing difficult emotions, as deficits in those areas are known to underlie most expressions of depression. Such treatment is often labeled psychoeducation and it may be especially appealing to people who cannot afford an individual course of therapy or who feel stigmatized by it. Whatever the format of depression group therapy, it can offer some advantages over individual therapy. Most obviously, it counters the social isolation that is a major precipitant of depression. Groups also allow for working though the dysfunctional relationship patterns that contribute to depression. Further, group interaction provides a forum for credible challenges to the negative evaluations depressed people make about themselves.