Monday, December 5, 2022

How Ptsd Became A Problem Far Beyond The Battlefield

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Sebastian Junger is an author, journalist, and documentary filmmaker who spent time with a U.S. Army platoon of the 173rd Airborne in Afghanistan. He was on assignment to write a profile of Ahmad Shah Massoud, the leader of the Northern Alliance, who fought a desperate resistance against the Taliban until he was assassinated two days before 9/11. Junger recounts that at point during his trip, they were on a frontline position that his forces had just taken over from the Taliban, and the inevitable counterattack started with an hour-long rocket barrage. All we could do was curl up in the trenches and hope. I felt deranged for days afterward, as if Id lived through the end of the world. By the time Junger came home, he had mentally buried everything he went through overseas until one day a few months after his return, he went into a New York City subway station, where he lived, during rush hour in order to catch the C train downtown. Suddenly, there were too many people surrounding him, the trains were moving too fast, the lights were too bright and the world was too loud, so he found himself backed up against a metal support beam downright convinced that he was going to die. He could not explain what had was happening to him or what was wrong but he admitted to being far more scared than he ever was when he was in Afghanistan. This was the first time Junger experienced post-traumatic stress disorder.

References:

Anth 1310 S0: International Health: Anthropological Perspectives

Post-traumatic stress is something that can take on many forms and arise from many different circumstances. It is also known at post-traumatic stress disorder but sometimes the word disorder is removed to decrease the stigma surrounding it. In an article in Vanity Fair called How PTSD Became a Problem Far Beyond the Battlefield, the author, Sebastian Junger, explains that Because PTSD is so adaptive, many have begun leaving the word disorder out of the term to avoid stigmatizing a basically healthy reaction. PTSD was originally associated with combat soldiers, but has since been recognized as something that can affect anyone who faces any trauma. As Junger explains in his article, sometimes those who experience the most severe forms of PTSD are victims of rape, and those who witnessed but were not directly involved in combat, such as himself, as journalist who travelled to Afghanistan. Sharon Abramowitz explains, in her article, Searching for Normal In the Wake of the Liberian War, people are forced into a condition they are not accustomed to, where the suffering detaches them even before they have made a trial run. Abramowitz states, almost fifty percent of the population living in Liberia at the time of the Liberian war reported severe symptoms of PTSD.

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Additional Sources:

Doolin, D. T. . Healing Hidden Wounds: The Mental Health Crisis of Americas Veterans. DTIC Document.

How Ptsd Became A Problem Far Beyond The Battlefield

According to a 1992 study published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress, 94 percent of rape survivors exhibit signs of extreme trauma immediately afterward. And yet, nine months later 47 percent of rape survivors have recovered enough to resume living normal lives. Combat is generally less traumatic than rape but harder to recover from. The reason, strangely, is that the trauma of combat is interwoven with other, positive experiences that become difficult to separate from the harm. Treating combat veterans is different from treating rape victims, because rape victims dont have this idea that some aspects of their experience are worth retaining, says Rachel Yehuda, PhD, a professor of psychiatry and neuroscience and director of traumatic-stress studies at The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York.

– Rachel Yehuda, PhD, Professor, Psychiatry, Neuroscience, Director, the Traumatic Stress Studies Division, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Director, Mental Health Patient Care Center and PTSD Research Program, the James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center in the Bronx

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How PTSD Became a Problem Far Beyond the Battlefield

In The Kill Switch, Ochberg Fellow Phil Zabriskie, who covered Iraq and Afghanistan for Time and others, reconnects with Marines and soldiers he met in Iraq and finds them ready and willing to examine soberly and honestly what theyve done and were asked to do. From boot camp through the initial invasion to the crucibles of Ramadi and Fallujah and beyond, they recount firefights, ambushes, car bombers, hand-to-hand combat, and the life and death decisions they made about Saddams soldiers, insurgents, and people, even children, who were caught in the crossfire. And this was all before they came home and confronted a lengthy slate of new and often grueling challenges linked to what they did and didnt do on the battlefield.

Though only 10 percent of American forces see combat, the U.S. military now has the highest rate of post-traumatic stress disorder in its history. In a recent essay in Vanity Fair, How PTSD Became a Problem Far Beyond the Battlefield, veteran war correspondent Sebastian Junger discovered that PTSD develops as much at home as it does on the battlefield. We might think we have a basic understanding of PTSD: Soldiers in battle see things they’d like to forget, but years later combat memories come back to haunt them. That’s the received wisdom. But perhaps we have it all wrong. Maybe it’s not the reminders of the fighting that cause post-traumatic stress so much as the void ex-combatants face when they leave the community of soldiers behind.

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  • One of Junger’s ancestors, Grimm, who emigrated to fight in the American Revolution, was related to the folklorist Brothers who chronicled German fairy tale
  • His latest book, “Tribe,” grew out of an article he wrote for Vanity Fair: ‘How PTSD Became a Problem Far Beyond the Battlefield’

Sebastian Junger grew up in Belmont, Massachusetts, a prosperous tree-lined suburb not far from Boston. Belmont is also about a half-hour from Gloucester, America’s oldest seaport and the fishing town from which the doomed crew of the Andrea Gail set sail in 1991. That story was the basis for Junger’s 1997 megaseller, and subsequent 2000 movie, “The Perfect Storm.”

He has long been a freelance journalist and war correspondent. On assignment for Vanity Fair, Junger spent a year in Afghanistan’s Korengal Valley, embedded with a regiment of the U.S. Army. The outpost was remote, tiny and wholly primitive the platoon was continuously in peril and under siege. The platoon developed unprecedented camaraderie of unique shared experience.

To survive, any group reverts to a more ‘primitive’ stage of social development. Far from the strictures of society, warriors develop their own brand of authority, their own community. To survive, they must exercise fundamental traits that helped our species evolve. Returning home, there’s no place for the men they’ve become they are treated like victims.

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CINAHL, scary, to our knowledge Post Traumatic Stress Disorder What We Can Do About It Now, and failed in vitro fertilisation , These symptoms cause significant problems in social or work situations and in relationships, The symptoms of PTSD experienced by these subjectsincluding acute anxiety, recent years have witnessed a multi-directional research effort attempting to understand the biomolecular origins of the disorder.Post-traumatic stress disorderPost-traumatic stress disorder occurs in 5-10% of the population and is twice as common in women as in men, Several tools exist to screen PTSD and, the Daily Beast His studies appear to show that post-traumatic stress levels are Post-traumatic stress disorder Fear itself, miscarriage, 2015 Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine Summary: Nearly one-quarter of ICU survivors suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder , PubMEd Post-traumatic stress disorderPost-traumatic stress disorder occurs in 510% of the population and is twice as common in women as in men, The Latest Research Discoveries 2015, SPORTDiscus, Israel Liberzon, M.D., 3.6% of the US Adult population

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The Online Complement To The Printed Edition Of The Vva Veteran Magazine’s Book In Review Column

I first read Sebastian Jungers important essay, Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging in a shorter form in the June 2015 Vanity Fair under the title, How PTSD Became a Problem Far Beyond the Battlefield. Junger is best-known for his 1997 creative nonfiction book The Perfect Storm. and for directing the Afghanistan War documentary, Restrepo. Tribe, a small book with large margins and big print, is moving and important beyond its size.

As Karl Marlantes, the former Vietnam War Marine lieutenant who wrote the novel Matterhorn, says on the jacket: Sebastian Junger has turned the multifaceted problem of returning veterans on its head. Its not so much about whats wrong with the veterans, but whats wrong with us. If we made the changes suggested in Tribe, all of us would be happier and healthier. Please read this book.

This was not true during the draft, Junger says. And this state of affairs, Junger and others believe, has driven up the military suicide rate.

As Karl Marlantes advises, read this little book for advice on what we can do to remedy what has afflicted America. There are no easy answers.

Jungers website is sebastianjunger.com

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