What To Do In Case Of Overdose
If you think youve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor. You can also call the American Association of Poison Control Centers at 800-222-1222 or use its online tool. However, if your symptoms are severe, call 911 or your local emergency number, or go to the nearest emergency room right away.
Disclaimer:Medical News Today has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up to date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or another healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.
What If I Miss A Dose
If you miss a dose of Xanax, take it as soon as you remember. But if its nearly time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and just take your next dose as scheduled. You should not take a double or extra doses to make up for missing a dose. Doing so can cause serious side effects.
Talk To Your Doctor For Xanax Prescription
As you know, a prescription is written instruction by a doctor for a patients treatment, and medications. Government considers the prescription as legal permission to use the medication, especially in the United States. It also indicates the medicine is safe and used only for the purpose of the medication.
Xanax is used as a fast-acting tranquilizer to treat anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and PTSD. Doctors only recommend using it in severe cases. It is unofficial to use Xanax without a prescription in the US. We will discuss the reason in the next section, for now, to see how to get prescribed Xanax.
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Is Xanax A Controlled Substance
With misuse, a drug is taken for a purpose or in a way that a doctor has not prescribed. Misuse can lead to addiction, which is when youre unable to stop taking a drug, even though it may be causing harm. With dependence, your body becomes reliant on a drug to function as usual. Dependence can lead to withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop taking a drug.
There are special rules around prescribing and supplying of schedule IV controlled drugs. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about this.
* Xanax has boxed warnings from the Food and Drug Administration for the risk of misuse and addiction and the risk of dependence and withdrawal. A boxed warning is the most serious warning from the FDA. To learn more, see the Xanax misuse and addiction and Xanax dependence and withdrawal sections below.
How Much How Often
The typical Xanax dosage is 0.75 to 1.5 mg a day, divided into three 0.250.5 mg doses as needed for anxiety. It is best if used only as needed. But keep in mind that the dosage that works for you may not be the same as the one that works for someone else. Dosing can vary depending on the severity of your disorder and your height, weight, age, and metabolism. Your health care provider will likely prescribe the lowest possible dose that is effective for your disorder.
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Xanax is the brand name for the generic drug alprazolam. It belongs to a family of drugs called benzodiazepines a type of tranquilizer that makes the brain less sensitive to. Trying to stop Xanax use, I would like to get off Xanax, trying to get off xanax, It was prescribed for – Answered by a verified Mental Health Professional … It was prescribed for. Want to know can online doctors prescribe Xanax?, the clear answer of it is No, it is because Xanax is an FDA-controlled substance that cannot be prescribed. Xanax, was the 13th most prescribed medication in the country in 2012. The Addiction To These Drugs. Misuse of these drugs can lead to psychological and physical dependency. It takes more and more to work, making the drug seeker go.
Paroxetine is the only other FDA-approved medication for PTSD. In clinical trials, paroxetine improved PTSD symptoms in 54% to 62% of people .. Xanax decreases central nervous system function, and this can sometimes reduce brain function. By suppressing the CNS, Xanax reduces anxiety and decreases seizures. However, when taken in high doses it can cause significant impairment in other areas of functioning as well. Xanax is not intended to ease the stress of everyday life.
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Side Effects And Warnings
Xanax has many of the same side effects as alcohol, including mental and physical impairment, sleepiness, slower reaction times, balance and coordination problems, dizziness, and light-headedness. Other common reactions include memory problems, slurred speech, trouble concentrating, confusion, upset stomach, headache, and blurred vision.
You should not take Xanax if you have shown sensitivity to other benzos such as Valium and Ativan, have narrow-angle glaucoma, or are pregnant or breastfeeding. Alert your health care provider if you have liver problems, as there is a risk that Xanax may build up in your system and lead to overdose or heavy sedation. Xanax has not been shown to be effective for adolescents and teens under age 18 so using it in this population is considered off label.
Xanax also may be habit-forming. The risk of addiction is about two 2%, Dr. McGee says, but that risk is higher, he adds, among people who are already addicted to alcohol or opioids. He also worries that Xanax and drugs like it may prevent some from learning how to manage anxiety. People have a tough time learning to cope without meds once you put them on them, so the real problem is dependence, Dr. McGee continues. Over many years Xanax can increase risk of falls, motor vehicle accidents, dementia, and urinary incontinence, he adds.
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Indications For Use And Efficacy
Alprazolam is a high-potency triazolobenzodiazepine that is US Food and Drug Administration -approved for the treatment of anxiety and panic disorders. Alprazolam is biotransformed by hepatic microsomal oxidation, yielding 4 and -hydroxyalprazolam as its principal metabolites, and is metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 .
The US FDAs approval for alprazolam came after 2 large, randomized, clinical trials that demonstrated short-term efficacy and clinically acceptable tolerability versus placebo . A plasma concentration range between 20 and 40 ng/mL has been suggested for targeting symptoms of panic disorder, with higher concentrations being associated with more significant central nervous system depressant effects. The side effects of alprazolam tablets are likely to be an extension of its pharmacological activity, and most commonly include drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, dysarthria, headache, memory impairment, and depression.
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Can Xanax Help Depression
Occasionally, however, it may be prescribed by a doctor as an off-label treatment for depression. As far back as the 1990s, Xanax has been shown in clinical studies to help treat major depressive disorder when prescribed in double the dosage used for anxiety relief for a short period of time.
Despite this, the use of Xanax in depression is controversial. This is because Xanax is considered highly addictive when used at higher doses or for a long period of time .
Xanax has even been shown to cause depression in some people due to its sedative properties and to make depression worse in people who are already depressed.
Alprazolam Reasons For Rescheduling
Scheduling decisions on medicines are made by the Secretary of the Australian Government Department of Health and adopted nationally, after consideration of recommendations from an advisory committee and submissions through a public consultation process.
In summary, the reasons for the decision to reschedule alprazolam to Schedule 8 were as follows:
- Alprazolam is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in overdose, with possibly greater toxicity than other benzodiazepines.
- Alprazolam does not appear to have any additional therapeutic benefits compared with any other benzodiazepine.
- Submissions suggested that there has been a rapid increase in use of alprazolam compared with other benzodiazepines and that there is evidence of widespread misuse.
- There is concern that the current pack size of alprazolam is inappropriate for the approved indications that is, for short-term use.
- Submissions stated that there is evidence of abuse of alprazolam and misuse with opioids, with alprazolam being more subject to diversion from licit to illicit use than other benzodiazepines.
It was also noted that listing in Schedule 8 of alprazolam does not restrict its short-term use for the approved indications.
The full record of reasons and the summary of submissions for the rescheduling of alprazolam are available on the Therapeutic Goods Administration website.
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Alternatives To Benzodiazepines For Ptsd Treatment
Medications are one way to manage PTSD symptoms. People living with the condition have the option of using other methods to treat it. Alternative methods to supplement their PTSD therapy can include:
You can also get therapy treatment for PTSD while using medication for it. Cognitive behavior therapy is a widely used approach to helping people recognize distorted thinking that leads to self-defeating behavior. This therapy can help PTSD patients face their trauma and process it with professional guidance. This short-term therapy can run anywhere from five to 20 sessions, and it can occur one-on-one with a therapist or in groups. Family members can also attend CBT sessions if needed.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is also another therapy that helps PTSD patients reframe traumatic events in their minds. Patients work with a therapist as they reprocess distressing memories about a disturbing event and neutralize them so they can move forward with their lives.
How Does Cbd Help With Anxiety
CBD carries a host of anxiety-reducing benefits without interfering with your daily functioning. It helps manage issues like seizures, pain, acne, and anxiety. Additionally, it is neuroprotective, meaning CBD may help prevent age-related decline and improve brain functioning .
CBD works by influencing our endocannabinoid system, which helps us maintain a state of internal balance.
Ingesting CBD slows the rate at which your body absorbs an endocannabinoid known as anandamide. This compound, nicknamed the bliss molecule, has a calming effect on the nervous system .
Ongoing research has found that CBD may reduce anxiety by altering the blood flow in areas of the brain associated with fear and stress. CBD is also linked to serotonin levels by affecting how your brain responds to serotonin. Serotonin is a key neurotransmitter that regulates various functions, including mood.
CBD has been shown to have stress-reducing effects in various populations and across a wide range of health conditions .
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Why Taking Xanax Without Prescription Is Illegal In The Us
According to the United States Drug Enforcement Administration there are 5 classifications of all the drugs substances, and chemicals, that are used to make drugs. And they are SCHEDULE I, SCHEDULE II, SCHEDULE III, SCHEDULE IV, and SCHEDULE V. And Xanax is categorized in SCHEDULE IV. The drugs, or the substances that have low potential, and low risk of abuse categorized in SCHEDULE IV.
Here we can conclude that Xanax is a complete drug medicine or a controlled substance. The purpose of using Xanax is only for the personalized treatments like,
- Mental health issues
- To treat as a behavioral therapy
Xanax stimulates the GABA chemical in the human body to control anxiety by the central nervous system. And we feel an immediate effect of Xanax after some time, that gives our body relaxation, calmness, and activeness.
Initially patient takes it as a medicine to control the disorder. But when he/she continues the medicine for a long time, it becomes an addiction to the body. And it takes a lot of effort to quit it. The withdrawal symptoms are more wost than the disorder symptoms. It may cause death. So it is one of the reasons that any doctor doesnt allow to take Xanax.
The other reason is the misuse of Xanax. Some people are using Xanax only for fun, or to experience the effect of the drug. They dont take it as a medicine, they use it as a drug. And supplies Xanax for unsocialized work.
The Rise Of Xanax Nation
With all this worry about our worries, it is somewhat surprising that a significant number of nervous Nellies ignore expert advice and turn instead to one of the nations best-selling anxiety-blasters: Xanax. A study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine¹ suggests that US doctors write an estimated 48 million prescriptions for Xanax each year, making Xanax one of the most-prescribed benzodiazepines in the nation.
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Your doctor will tell you the right dosage of clonidine for the best results. The dosage usually ranges between 0.1 to 0.4 mg, taken one to two times a day. The most commonly prescribed strength is 0.1 mg taken twice daily, but as stated, your doctor will tell you exactly how much to take and how often to do so. Similar drugs to Xanax are Valium, Klonopin and Ativan, which all tend to help relieve people from the same disorders as the ones treated trough Xanax. How to Know if I Need Xanax? Currently, about 18% of the whole adult population in America suffers from anxiety disorders, a percentage that is even higher amongst teens. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a psychiatric disorder that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat or rape or who have been threatened with death, sexual violence or serious injury. PTSD has been known by many names in the past.
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What Are The Benefits Of Xanax
Xanax can be beneficial for people with anxiety or panic disorders.
Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by excessive or unwarranted anxiety and worry for a period of at least six months. Panic disorder is described by recurrent unexpected periods of intense fear, also known as a panic attack.
During a panic attack, a person will usually have a pounding or racing heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, a choking feeling, dizziness, fear, and other symptoms.
In clinical trials, Xanax was shown to be better than a placebo in improving anxiety symptoms in people with anxiety or anxiety with depression. For panic disorders, clinical studies found that Xanax significantly reduced the number of panic attacks experienced per week.
It isnt known if Xanax is safe and effective when used to treat anxiety disorder for longer than 4 months or to treat panic disorder for longer than 10 weeks.
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Counselling And Advice For Patients
The RANZCP has developed a guide, Panic disorder and agoraphobia: Australian treatment guide for consumers and carers. The guide is available on the RANZCP website.
For 24-hour confidential drug and alcohol counselling, and treatment information, patients, families and health professionals may phone DirectLine.
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