Stimulants Depressants And Hallucinogens
Cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, khat, nicotine and prescription stimulants.
How do they work?Stimulant drugs speed up the messages travelling between the brain and the body. And so, they typically increase the pulse and breathing rate, elevate blood pressure, suppress the appetite and dilate the pupils.
What to expect?Stimulants often produce a euphoric effect, with some people feeling more alert, energetic and confident.
A person using stimulants may be talkative, agitated and experience insomnia.
With prolonged use or if taken in large doses the effects may include anxiety, panic, seizures, headaches, stomach cramps, aggression and paranoia.
Long-term use of stimulants can also lead to a range of physical and mental health conditions and for more information about the effects of each drug refer to the fact sheets on drugs.
Common Questions And Answers
Is any alcohol a stimulant?
No. But smaller amounts of alcohol produce stimulating effects.
What kind of stimulant effects does alcohol have?
Small amounts of alcohol cause the brain to increase dopamine production.
This leads to euphoria, increased sociability , and boosted confidence. Some people refer to this feeling as a buzz.
Does alcohol kill serotonin?
Alcohol triggers a burst of serotonin when it is first introduced into the system. Once this initial euphoria wears off, serotonin levels drop significantly below what they were before the person began drinking.
Does alcohol increase heart rate?
Yes. This is one of the reasons alcohol is mistaken as a stimulant. Alcohol has a significant effect on the cardiovascular system.
Over time, excessive drinking leads to chronically elevated heart rate, high blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat.
If alcohol is a depressant, does it cause depression?
The depressant effects of alcohol refer to alcohols effect on the central nervous system and not on a persons mood. However, depression increases the risk of substance abuse.
Some people diagnosed with depression turn to alcohol for its stimulating effects. For this reason, depression and AUD often go together.
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Can You Get A Caffeine High
Its possible to get a high-like feeling from consuming a large amount of caffeine or if you are drinking caffeine on a routine basis. You dont have to drink it throughout the day, but even just a cup or two each day can create a level of dependency. After a cup of coffee, you feel more energized or even have a sense of euphoria.
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What Are The Side Effects Of Nicotine
Nicotine causes a range of effects on both the body and mind, including:
- Increased activity in the intestines.
- Increased production of saliva and phlegm.
- Increased heart rate.
What is a Class 2 drug?
Schedule II/IIN Controlled Substances Examples of Schedule II narcotics include: hydromorphone , methadone , meperidine , oxycodone , and fentanyl . Other Schedule II narcotics include: morphine, opium, codeine, and hydrocodone.
Is PCP a natural drug?
PCP is a synthetic substance , meaning that it is made in a laboratory. The ingredients used in its manufacture are completely artificial and not found in nature. The only way to create it is to use industrial chemicals. Many authorities on drug use consider PCP among the most dangerous substances of abuse.
What Is The Safest Vape
If you are looking for the safest vape kit then you might want to consider disposables or pod kits. These are often low powered and have safety cuts offs as well as other features to prevent them from overheating. Not only as disposables one of the safest vape kits, but they are also super easy to use.
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Differences Between Stimulants And Depressants
Stimulants speed up the central nervous system and depressants do the opposite, slowing it and all the parts of the body controlled by the central nervous system down.
As mentioned above, stimulants make the person using them feel more confident, alert, and energetic. They send the central nervous system into overdrive, increasing heart and breathing rates, suppressing appetite, and causing a spike in blood pressure. Certain stimulants can cause a rush of euphoria, especially if theyre taken via common misuse methods like snorting, smoking, or injection.
Depressants can also cause euphoria, but they slow down the central nervous system instead of accelerating it, resulting in a pleasurable, relaxing feeling. Depressants slow heart rate and respiration, which is incredibly dangerous in high doses.
Energy Drinks And Caffeine
Energy drinks contain caffeine, as well as ingredients such as taurine and guarana . Energy drinks do not hydrate and should not be confused with sports drinks.
The caffeine and sugar content of energy drinks is high. In fact it is often higher than in soft drinks. The levels of caffeine in energy drinks vary between brands, so it is important to read the label before having them.
Children and pregnant women should avoid drinking energy drinks.
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Is Vaping Less Harmful Than Smoking
Vaping devices heat liquid into an aerosol that is inhaled. A typical vaping device contains nicotine, glycerin, propylene glycol, flavorings, as well as other chemicals. Compared with normal cigarettes, vaping e-cigarettes may be slightly less harmful with fewer toxic chemicals. However, vaping is still not safe. The flavoring can be made from diacetyl, a chemical linked to lung disease. And some users have suffered lung injuries and even deathknown as EVALI, e-cigarette or vaping product use associated lung injury. Some individuals use e-cigarettes as an aid to quit smoking, but there is not enough evidence nor is vaping FDA-approved.
Get Help For Stimulant And Depressant Abuse At Sunrise House
Whether an upper or downer, there is no drug that is 100% safe to use, and misuse of a drug increases all risks of use. There are many specific drugs not listed here that could fit into either category that can be just as dangerous.
If you or a loved one struggles with a substance use problem, please reach out to an admissions navigator at Sunrise House, an inpatient facility in Lafayette, New Jersey, by calling
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What Does It Look Like
Tobacco is prepared differently depending on how it will be consumed:
- Cigarettes use finely cut tobacco leaves that are rolled in thin paper.
- Cigars use whole tobacco leaves.
- Snuff is a finely ground powder of tobacco leaves that often comes in teabag-like pouches.
- Chewing tobacco uses shredded or twisted tobacco leaves.
- Hookah uses flavoured and sweetened tobacco that is heated, and the smoke filters through water into a mouthpiece.
Stimulants In Tea More Than Just Caffeine
Tea contains 4 substances that have stimulatory effects on your brain.
The most well-known is caffeine, a potent stimulant that you can also get from coffee and soft drinks.
Tea also contains two substances related to caffeine: theobromine and theophylline.
Finally, it provides a rather unique amino acid called L-theanine, which has some very interesting effects on the brain.
This article discusses these 4 stimulants in tea.
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Nicotines Effects Depend On The Blood Level
In the early stages, the nicotine stimulates many responses in the body. The smoker, by taking in that first puff in the morning, believes they are energized.
As the day progresses the levels of nicotine in the bloodstream fluctuate. After each smoke, the level rises. The body, principally the liver, attempts to remove the toxin and the level is reduced. This up-down action creates the craving the smoker experiences.
The administration of any drug in many small doses, particularly by smoking, increases the addiction potential.
Late in the day, the smoker will have achieved a relatively high level of nicotine in the bloodstream. At high doses, the nicotine begins to depress systems in the body. Just before bedtime, the habitual smoker will smoke more in a shorter period of time in an effort to relax for sleep. The level of nicotine will slowly fall during the night as the liver detoxifies the drug.
Smokers instinctively respond to these low dose high dose effects. A smoker who is trying to feel stimulated will take many short puffs. The smoker trying to sedate themselves will take fewer long puffs and raise the level in the bloodstream more rapidly.
Why Is Nicotine Both A Stimulant And A Depressant
Nicotine is different and unique in the way it acts as both a stimulant and a depressant. In most drugs, this is unheard of. Nicotine can be one or both, depending on the person and their reactions to the drug. Nicotine can produce short-term energy like the euphoric effect but can worsen depression and anxiety long-term in many people. This drug is very dangerous because it can you never know what to expect, and most of the time, the effects dont seem extreme. And because it is normalized and legal, it is hard to quit.
Of course, just like every chronic drug use, there come physical and mental health problems.
Short Term Effects of Nicotine
- Restricted airways
- Increased phlegm production, which leads to the increased presence of
- viruses and bacteria.
Long Term Effects of Nicotine
- Loss of neuro-receptors This can slow reaction time, increase lethargy and decrease memory.
- The significant cancer risk increase
- Increase in heart-related illness
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Using Nicotine With Other Drugs
The effects of using nicotine with other drugs including over-the-counter or prescribed medications can be unpredictable and could cause:
- Nicotine +benzodiazepines: reduced effectiveness of benzodiazepines.
- Nicotine + contraceptive pill: increased risk of blood clots forming.7
Its important to check with a medical professional about whether nicotine might affect any medications you are taking.
Is Caffeine Addictive
In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association added caffeine withdrawal to the list of recognized conditions in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . However, not all caffeine consumers have withdrawal symptoms if they stop consuming caffeine.
People who suddenly stop drinking coffee may experience symptoms about 12 to 24 hours after quitting. These peak after 20 to 48 hours before disappearing. Gradually reducing caffeine intake over a period of days does not trigger these symptoms.
Unlike other drugs, caffeine has not been shown to activate the pathways in the brain that are related to addiction.
Therefore, caffeine is not considered an addictive substance.
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What Is A Depressant
A depressant is a type of substance that reduces certain activity within the brain and body. For instance, it may stunt parts of the brain that have to do with rational thought, anger, and attention. In this way, it has the ability to lower inhibition.
Nicotine seems to alternate between acting as a stimulant and a depressant. This see-saw of emotions plays a big role in addiction. It makes people feel good on both sides of the spectrum.
What Is The Drug Classification Of Nicotine
What is the drug classification of nicotine? Nicotine is classified as a stimulant of autonomic ganglia. Nicotine is a stimulant drug that acts as an agonist at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
What category of drug is nicotine a stimulant or depressant? Nicotine acts as both a stimulant and a depressant to the central nervous system. Nicotine first causes a release of the hormone epinephrine, which further stimulates the nervous system and is responsible for part of the kick from nicotine-the drug-induced feelings of pleasure and, over time, addiction.
Is nicotine a stimulant or a sedative? Nicotine is both a sedative and a stimulant. When a body is exposed to nicotine, the individual experiences a kick. This is partly caused by nicotine stimulating the adrenal glands, which results in the release of adrenaline.
What kind of chemical is nicotine? Nicotine, an organic compound that is the principal alkaloid of tobacco. Nicotine occurs throughout the tobacco plant and especially in the leaves.
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Is Lsd A Depressant
LSD is short for lysergic acid diethylamide. It is an illicit hallucinogen that comes as a white powder or clear liquid. Typically taken by mouth, the psychedelic drug can also be injected into a vein or inhaled through the nose.
LSD is a mind-altering drug that changes behavior, mood and a persons perception of physical reality.
But while LSD can cause effects characteristic of both depressant and stimulant drugs, it is classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration and the National Institutes of Health as a hallucinogen, not as a depressant.
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Finding A Path Forward With Professional Help
Our compassionate approach to anyone suffering from addiction provides help when you need it the most. We know that you can get the sobriety you want and regain a healthy lifestyle free of drugs. Our treatment home for you offers a safe environment that encourages recovery with shared spaces.
Here at CNV Detox, you can find the support and strength to choose a drug-free path to recovery. Contact us to find out more information regarding our addiction counseling and treatment options. We have helped many others learn the answer to is marijuana a stimulant or depressant, and we can help you too.
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The Facts About Drugs
WHAT ARE DRUGS? A drug is any substance, which alters brain chemistry in order to give a specific effect. Both physical and psychological dependence play a part in all drugs. Drugs such as heroin create great physical dependence the bodys chemistry changes through heavy and continual use and withdrawal symptoms develop if the drug is not taken regularly. Psychological dependence means that people feel they cant face life without the help of certain drugs. There is much debate about the extent and role of these types of dependence in the use of certain drugs, such as crack cocaine.
CAFFEINE is the most commonly used mood altering drug used in the UK. It is contained in tea, coffee, many soft drinks and colas, some confectionery, included in many medicines and available in over-the-counter stimulant preparations such as Pro Plus. The next most commonly used drug is alcohol, followed by the nicotine in cigarettes and other tobacco based products. There are three basic categories of drugs:
DEPRESSANTS such as alcohol, tranquillisers, heroin, methadone and solvents slow down the central nervous system and therefore affect co-ordination and reaction time. Because of this, depressant use is particularly dangerous whilst driving or operating machinery.
STIMULANTS such as amphetamines , ecstasy, cocaine, tobacco and caffeine increase the heart rate and give the user a sense of increased alertness and energy.
Using Different Descriptions For The Same Drug
Instead of wondering, Is cannabis a depressant or a stimulant? some facts can give you a truthful answer. When you think about marijuana, you know that it comes from the cannabis plant. What you need to know about it requires an understanding of different drug classifications. Whether one or the other, marijuana can trigger psychotic episodes in vulnerable users.
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How Does It Make You Feel
The nicotine in tobacco smoke travels quickly to the brain, where it acts as a stimulant and increases heart rate and breathing. Tobacco smoke also reduces the level of oxygen in the bloodstream, causing a drop in skin temperature. People new to smoking often experience dizziness, nausea and coughing or gagging.
The mood-altering effects of nicotine are subtle, complex and powerful. Some people feel that smoking helps them to be alert and to concentrate, and also that it helps them to feel relaxed. Smoking raises levels of a brain chemical called dopamine, which increases feelings of pleasure and reinforces the desire to continue to smoke.
Smoking and second-hand smoke can irritate the eyes, nose and throat. Tobacco smoke may cause headaches, dizziness, nausea, coughing and wheezing, and can aggravate allergies and asthma. Smoking also weakens the sense of taste and smell, reduces hunger and causes the stomach to produce acid.
How smoking affects you depends on:
- how much and how often you smoke
- how long youve been smoking
- your mood, expectations and the environment
- whether you have certain medical or psychiatric conditions
- whether youve taken alcohol or other drugs .
Weed As A Hallucinogen
Weed is perhaps most often stereotyped for its hallucinogenic effects. While hallucinations are possible, they happen rarely and dont occur in all users. But the symptoms of weed, such as time distortion, are also part of a hallucination.
Hallucinogens are substances that alter your perception of reality, either through changes in your sensory perception or visual or auditory hallucinations.
Keep in mind that hallucinations and paranoia, which is associated with stimulants, are different things. While hallucinations are false perceptions of objects, events, or senses, paranoia involves a false idea thats usually accompanied by suspicion.
For example, a hallucination might make you see the person walking in front of you as an animal. Paranoia, on the other hand, might make you think the person has been following you in order to harm you.
In addition to hallucinations, hallucinogens can also cause:
- altered sense of time or space
- loss of control over motor skills
- increased heart rate
- detachment from self or environment
Weed can have all of these additional effects, which is why many people and organizations classify it as a hallucinogen.
Over time, using hallucinogens can lead to speech problems, memory loss, anxiety, and depression. In rare cases, people may be left with psychosis, flashbacks, or a condition called hallucinogen persisting perception disorder.
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Why Is Nicotine A Stimulant Or A Depressant
Nicotine is unique in the drug world because it can act as both a stimulant or a depressant and it can have different effects on different people. Nicotine can produce a short-term euphoric effect, but can actually worsen depression and anxiety long-term in many people. This drug is particularly dangerous because it can be so unassuming and most of the time the effects dont seem extreme.
Nicotine can even be a fallback drug for people who have struggled with other serious drug addictions, such as cocaine or heroin. However, because of the serious health effects of smoking , nicotine can actually prove even more dangerous in the long term than some harder drugs. For this reason, its important to seek out nicotine rehab.