Sunday, February 18, 2024

How Do Panic Attacks Happen

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Home Remedies For Panic Attack Vs Anxiety Attack

What is a Panic Attack?

You should speak with a doctor or mental health professional to find out what you can do to both prevent and treat anxiety- and panic-related symptoms. Having a treatment plan and sticking to it when an attack happens can help you feel like youre in control.

If you feel an anxiety or panic attack coming on, try the following:

  • Take slow deep breaths: When you feel your breath quickening, focus your attention on each inhale and exhale. Feel your stomach fill with air as you inhale. Count down from four as you exhale. Repeat until your breathing slows.
  • Recognize and accept what youre experiencing: If youve already experienced an anxiety or panic attack, you know that it can be incredibly challenging. Remind yourself that the symptoms will pass and youll be alright.
  • Practice mindfulness: Mindfulness-based interventions are increasingly used to treat anxiety and panic disorders. Mindfulness is a technique that can help you ground your thoughts in the present. You can practice mindfulness by actively observing thoughts and sensations without reacting to them.
  • Use relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques include guided imagery, aromatherapy, and muscle relaxation. If youre experiencing symptoms of anxiety or a panic attack, try doing things that you find relaxing. Close your eyes, take a bath, or use lavender, which has relaxing effects.

What Is A Panic Attack How And Why They Happen

What is a panic attack? We debunk the myths and tell you how to recognise them, and why they happen.

Medical doctor, Radha Modgil, and experts from the Mental Health Foundation take a closer look at panic attacks: what they are, what happens to the mind and body during a panic attack, and how we can help ourselves and others.

Who Gets Panic Attacks

Anyone can experience a panic attack. The risk, however, is highest for teens and people in their 20s. If you havent had a panic attack by age 45, youre less likely to have an episode later in life.

Women are more than twice as likely as men to get panic attacks, but researchers arent entirely sure why that disparity exists.

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Can Panic Disorder Be Prevented Or Avoided

You cant prevent panic disorder because doctors arent sure what causes it. But you may be able to prevent a panic attack by knowing your triggers. Your doctor can help with that. He or she can help make sure your panic attacks dont become worse or more frequent. Its also a good idea to be physically active. Getting exercise is a known stress reliever and may also guard you against panic attacks.

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Why Do I Get Random Panic Attacks For No Reason

Panic Attack &  Panic Disorder: What are they and how to identify them?

It can be confusing, frustrating and even terrifying to experience random panic attacks that appear to occur for no reason.

You may feel completely calm one moment before experiencing a range of physical and psychological symptoms that leave you feeling as though you are going crazy or having a heart attack.

There are two main types of panic attacks, labelled as expected and unexpected. An expected panic attack has an identifiable trigger for example, if you are afraid of flying then an expected panic attack would likely occur on the plane.

In comparison, unexpected panic attacks appear to happen out of the blue and seemingly for no reason.

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What Are Panic Attacks

A panic attack is a sudden rush of intense fear or discomfort, which includes at least 4 of the following symptoms:

  • racing or pounding heart
  • shortness of breath or feelings of being smothered
  • feeling of choking
  • a sense of things being unreal or feeling detached from oneself
  • numbness or tingling sensations
  • fear of losing control or going crazy

Panic attacks tend to start quickly and reach a peak within 10 minutes. The peak generally lasts for about 5 to 10 minutes before the symptoms start to settle. However, it can take quite some time for all the symptoms to subside.

What Does It Feel Like When Youre Having A Panic Attack

Well, it can literally feel like youre about to die. You can have chest pain, shortness of breath, numbness, tingling, and or sweating. Thats why many people who are having panic attacks end up going to the emergency room. Most panic attacks peak over a matter of minutes and theyll last for less than 30 minutes, but that time or the total duration of the attack can vary. So, panic attacks can actually last from a matter of seconds to hours.

Have You Ever Had A Panic Attack? If So, Please Comment Down Below And Please Share Your Symptoms Of A Panic Attack.

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Ways To Help Yourself

Small changes can help prevent further panic attacks.

  • Practice breathing exercises regularly. They can help prevent panic attacks and help while theyre happening too.
  • Physical activity can reduce stress and tension and improve your mood.
  • Eating regular healthy meals can keep your blood sugar stable which can boost your energy and mood.
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol and if you can. These can make panic attacks worse.
  • Try . Its a way of being fully present and engaged in the moment that can help with anxiety.
  • Join a peer support group. They bring together people who have had similar experiences to help each other. Anxiety UK, No Panic and all run support groups and other services.

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Assessing Panic Attacks: 3 Tests & Questionnaires

What Does a Panic Attack Actually Do To Your Body?

Here are a few tools your client can use to examine their panic attacks and the relevant aspects of their mental health:

  • The Panic Attack Questionnaire is the most widely used clinical tool for assessing the severity and characteristics of panic attacks and can help you and your client better understand their unique experience.
  • The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire is used as part of a diagnosis of a variety of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, and might be useful for examining whether your clients panic attacks are isolated or part of a broader mental health issue.
  • The British National Health Service hosts a depression and anxiety self-assessment quiz that may be a useful tool for clients of any nationality to examine their general mental health, which may provide useful insight into the general triggers of their panic attacks.

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How Can I Prevent Panic Attacks

Your healthcare provider can help you identify triggers that bring on panic attacks. During psychotherapy, you learn strategies to manage triggering events and prevent an attack. You can also take these actions to lower your odds of having a panic attack:

  • Cut back on caffeine.
  • Talk to your doctor before taking herbal supplements or over-the-counter medications. Certain substances can increase anxiety.

Some People May Develop Panic Disorders

For many people, the feelings of panic occur only occasionally during periods of stress or illness. A person who experiences recurring panic attacks is said to have panic disorder, which is a type of anxiety disorder. They generally have recurring and unexpected panic attacks and persistent fears of repeated attacks.

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What You Can Do

To get through a panic attack, try to take control of your breathing first. Find a place where you can sit or be comfortable. Concentrate on making your breath slow and even. Try to inhale through your nose for 4 seconds, hold it for 2 seconds, then exhale through your mouth for 6 seconds. Tell yourself that youâre not in danger and that the attack will pass.

If youâre not sure if youâre having a panic attack, itâs a good idea to go to the hospital to rule out any other health problems.

Panic disorder is one of the most treatable types of anxiety disorders. Medication and a type of talk therapy called cognitive behavioral therapy can help. See your doctor if you have panic attacks often.

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Are Panic Attacks Bad For Your Heart

Panic Attacks: Facts, Natural Remedies &  All You Need To Know

According to a study published in Psychology Medicine1, people who suffer from panic attacks and panic disorder may be at higher risk of heart attack and heart disease later in life. While the link between panic disorder and heart disease remains controversial, the study found that compared to individuals without panic disorder, sufferers were found to have up to a 36% higher risk of heart attack and up to 47% higher risk of heart disease. If you suffer from panic attacks, seek attention for any chest pain symptoms in order to rule out any issues with heart health.

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Tips For Helping Someone With An Anxiety Disorder:

  • Make no assumptionsask the person what they need.
  • Be predictabledont surprise the person.
  • Let the person with the disorder set the pace for recovery.
  • Find something positive in every small step towards recovery.
  • Dont help the person avoid their fears.
  • Maintain your own life so you dont resent the person with the disorder.
  • Dont panic when the person with the disorder panics, but realize its natural to be concerned with them.
  • Be patient and accepting, but dont settle for the affected person being permanently disabled.
  • Say encouraging words such as: You can do it no matter how you feel. I am proud of you. Tell me what you need now. Breathe slow and low. Stay in the present. Its not the place thats bothering you, its the thought. I know that what you are feeling is painful, but its not dangerous. You are courageous.
  • Avoid saying things like: Dont be anxious. Lets see if you can do this. You can fight this. What should we do next? Dont be ridculous. You have to stay. Dont be a coward. These phrases tend to blame the individual for the anxiety.

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When Are Panic Attacks Most Likely To Occur

There is no timetable for panic attack. They can arise any time, and theyre even known to awaken people from sleep. Studies show that up to one quarter of the population experience an isolated panic attack at some point in life. However, their very unpredictability gives them great power to shape subsequent behavior attacks are so distressing that people sometimes restrict their activity to avoid the possibility of having another attack. When fear of further panic attacks drives behavior, panic disorder is said to exist. It is often accompanied by agoraphobia, a fear of enclosed spaces or crowded open spaces from which there may seem to be no escapeor a fear of traveling by oneself or leaving home altogether. The median age of onset of panic attacks is 24. Women are twice as likely as men to have panic attacks. They are common in many other mental health disorders besides anxiety. Panic attacks are rare in people over 60.

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Try Muscle Relaxation Techniques

During a panic attack, the tension in the muscles can cause anxiety, and muscle relaxation techniques can help reduce tension and promote relaxation. The technique of muscle relaxation is similar to deep breathing in that it may be able to stop your panic attack in its tracks by controlling the bodys response to it as much as possible .

How to: You can relax your muscles at home by consciously relaxing one muscle at a time. Start with something simple, such as your fingers in your hand, and work your way up.

What Are Some Coping Mechanisms In The Moment

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First things first: Breathe. Youre probably hyperventilating, but stabilizing your breathing can quickly calm your bodys fight-or-flight response.

Try counting your breaths. One deep breath in, one deep breath out. Count up to 10 and then start again until your breathing is back to normal.

Other quick coping strategies include:

  • recognizing that what youre experiencing is a panic attack
  • finding an object to focus on

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Nightmares Night Terrors And Night Anxiety

Finally, anything that can cause you anxiety while you sleep can also conceivably cause panic attacks. Once again, its a problem with hyperventilation. While having a nightmare, for example, you may be reacting to your dream by breathing quickly as though scared or running. This can cause you to hyperventilate in your sleep, which may cause a nocturnal panic attack.

Who Does It Affect

While panic disorder can affect anyone, there are certain groups of people that it affects more often than others.

  • Women: Like most other anxiety disorders, women are twice as likely as men to experience panic disorder.

  • Young adults: Panic disorder usually appears in your mid-twenties, although it can happen at any age. Three quarters of people with panic disorder experienced the onset before the age of 33. Although it can exist in kids, it’s often not diagnosed until they’re older.

  • People with a chronic illness: Three quarters of people with panic disorder report having at least one other diagnosed chronic physical or mental illness like diabetes or depression.

  • Family history: People with a family history of anxiety or depression are at greater risk for developing panic disorder.

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Keep Lavender On Hand

Lavender is a traditional remedy that many people use to reduce stress and help them relax.

Research suggests it has a calming effect but doesnt lead to dependence or cause withdrawal symptoms. Using products that contain diluted lavender oil may help reduce or manage symptoms of anxiety.

However, the Food and Drug Administration does not regulate essential oils, and strengths and ingredients vary widely.

If you use lavender essential oil, make sure you:

  • get your oil from a reputable source, such as a pharmacy
  • follow the instructions for use
  • avoid applying concentrated oil directly to the skin
  • avoid using lavender with benzodiazepines because the combination can cause intense drowsiness

While research suggests there are health benefits, the FDA doesnt monitor or regulate the purity or quality of essential oils. Its important to talk with a healthcare professional before you begin using essential oils and be sure to research the quality of a brands products. Always do a patch test before trying a new essential oil.

Which essential oil is right for you?

Signs And Symptoms Of Panic Disorder

How to Cope With Panic Attacks?

While many people experience just one or two panic attacks without further episodes or complicationsand there’s little reason to worry if that’s yousome people go on to develop panic disorder. Panic disorder is characterized by repeated panic attacks, combined with major changes in behavior or persistent anxiety over having further attacks.

You may be suffering from panic disorder if you:

  • Experience frequent, unexpected panic attacks that aren’t tied to a specific situation
  • Worry a lot about having another panic attack
  • Are behaving differently because of the panic attacks, such as avoiding places where you’ve previously panicked

While a single panic attack may only last a few minutes, the effects of the experience can leave a lasting imprint. If you have panic disorder, the recurrent panic attacks take an emotional toll. The memory of the intense fear and terror that you felt during the attacks can negatively impact your self-confidence and cause serious disruption to your everyday life. Eventually, this leads to the following panic disorder symptoms:

Anticipatory anxiety Instead of feeling relaxed and like your normal self in between panic attacks, you feel anxious and tense. This anxiety stems from a fear of having future panic attacks. This fear of fear is present most of the time, and can be extremely disabling.

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What Other Behaviours Are Related To Panic Disorder

Adults with panic disorder will often change their behaviour to feel safer and try to prevent future panic attacks. Examples include:

  • Carrying items such as medication, water or a cell phone
  • Having a companion accompany them places
  • Avoiding physical activities that might trigger panic-like feelings
  • Avoiding certain foods or beverages because they might trigger panic-like symptoms
  • Sitting near exits or bathrooms

Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator

This online resource, provided by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration , helps you locate mental health treatment facilities and programs. Find a facility in your state by searching SAMHSAs online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator. For additional resources, visit NIMH’s Help for Mental Illnesses webpage.

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How Often Can Panic Attacks Happen

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