Signs And Symptoms Of Ptsd:
Some of the common symptoms of PTSD start within the month of the event. However, there are times when the symptoms of PTSD take months to surface. The emergence of these symptoms causes disruption in the social and work life of the victim and puts immense emotional pressure on them.
Its important to identify the victims of PTSD in order to offer them a helping hand. Lets have a look at what are the symptoms of PTSD.
Youre Having Repeated Flashbacks And Nightmares
After a traumatic experience, many people find themselves experiencing intrusive memories of the experience in the form of flashbacks and nightmares.
Flashbacks occur during the day and can leave you feeling like youre back at the scene of a traumatic experience. Nightmares may involve specific traumatic memories but may sometimes appear unrelated at first.
Regardless, reexperiencing these traumatic feelings can leave you feeling exhausted, anxious, and fearful.
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- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
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What Are The 5 Signs Of Ptsd
Certain triggers can set off your PTSD.
They bring back strong memories.
You may feel like youre living through it all over again.
Triggers can include sights, sounds, smells, or thoughts that remind you of the traumatic event in some way.
Some PTSD triggers are obvious, such as seeing a news report of an assault..
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What Are Examples Of Triggers
Some examples of common triggers are:the anniversary dates of losses or trauma.frightening news events.too much to do, feeling overwhelmed.family friction.the end of a relationship.spending too much time alone.being judged, criticized, teased, or put down.financial problems, getting a big bill.More items
What Risks Are Associated With Ptsd
Alcohol and drug use
You might use drugs or alcohol to help you to manage your symptoms.
Drugs or alcohol can make you more unwell and more likely to try and harm yourself or take your own life.
Mental health conditions
Symptoms of PTSD can be made worse by other disorders such as:
- substance abuse, and
- memory problems
Most people with PTSD will have at least 1 other mental health condition. The most common disorders are:
- depressive disorders,
- substance use disorders, and
- anxiety disorders.
Other mental health conditions have the some of the same symptoms as PTSD. This may be why PTSD is hard to diagnose.
Suicidal thoughts and behaviours
In severe cases PTSD can last long enough and have a large impact on day to day life. This can cause suicidal thoughts and behaviours.
Physical health issues
PTSD has been linked to physical symptoms such as dizziness, tinnitus and blurry vision.
It has also been linked to physical illnesses such as heart disease, high blood pressure and obesity.
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Ptsd Physical Symptoms To Watch For
Medically Reviewed By: Whitney White, MS. CMHC, NCC., LPC
While many people think of post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD as being something that only soldiers experience or something that only impacts a persons mental or emotional health, both of those beliefs are myths. PTSD, as youll read below, is able to impact anyone, young or old, depending on the experiences and situations they have lived through. While many of the symptoms impact a persons mental and emotional health, there are also physical symptoms that you may watch for.
PTSD is a severe mental health challenge that can impact every area of a persons life, but it is treatable. Learning how to spot the symptoms of PTSD in yourself or others in your life is an essential first step for being able to reach out for help.
Criteria For Diagnosis Of Ptsd
A diagnosis of PTSD is based on criteria established by the American Psychiatric Association. These criteria were revised in 2013 and appear in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . They are included in a new category: Trauma-and Stressor-Related Disorders, which involves exposure to a traumatic or stressful event and include reactive attachment disorder, acute stress disorder, adjustment disorders, and post traumatic stress disorders. All of the conditions included in this classification require exposure to a traumatic or stressful event as a diagnostic criterion.
To be diagnosed with PTSD, DSM-5 criteria require that:
In addition to meeting criteria for the PTSD diagnosis, an individual who experiences high levels of the following in reaction to a trauma-related stimuli may have the diagnosis further differentiated:
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Memories Of The Traumatic Event
All too often, patients tend to think more about events that were unpleasant for them. While most instances of a bad experience heal over time and the memories become easier to deal with, those who experience a traumatic event and develop PTSD often have memories that make them feel as if they are reliving the experience, and that it is happening to them or they are witnessing it all over again.
How Is Ptsd Diagnosed
A psychiatrist will diagnose PTSD through a mental health assessment. Your GP should carry out an initial assessment to decide what care you need. Your assessment should include information about:
- your physical needs,
- your social needs, and
As part of the assessment they will decide if you need to be referred to the community mental health team . You should be referred to the CMHT if you have had symptoms for more than 4 weeks. Or your symptoms are very bad. A CMHT is part of the NHS. They are a team of mental health professionals.
Doctors use the following manuals to help to diagnose you:
- International Classification of Diseases produced by the World Health Organisation , and
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual produced by the American Psychiatric Association.
The manuals are guides which explain different mental health conditions.
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Professional Diagnosis And Treatment For Ptsd
If you are concerned that you or a family member may have PTSD or another mental illness, you do not have to slog through lists of symptoms alone. Be proactive with your health and ease your worries by talking with a professional about whats going on. Learn more about PTSD and find diagnostic and PTSD treatment for all mental health disorders by calling our toll-free helpline. We offer no cost and confidential initial assessments and are here 24 hours a day to assist you with your questions, concerns, and needed information. We are the experts in mental health and can help you find the treatment thats right for your unique recovery needs.
Risk Factors For Ptsd
Each days news media makes us all witnesses to trauma somewhere in the world. The images are graphic and disturbing. All too often, trauma and violence become personal, putting anyone at risk for PTSD.
Factors that increase risk for PTSD include:
- Living through dangerous events and traumas
- Being physically injured
- Seeing another person hurt or killed
- Adult memories of childhood trauma
- Feeling horror, helplessness, or extreme fear
- Receiving little or no social support after the event
- Dealing with extra stress after the event, such as unexpected loss of a loved one, pain and injury, or loss of a job or home
- Having a history of mental illness or lapses in perception of reality
- Substance abuse
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What Are The Implications Of The Dsm
Changes in the diagnostic criteria have minimal impact on prevalence. National estimates of PTSD prevalence suggest that DSM-5 rates were only slightly lower than DSM-IV for both lifetime and past-12 month . When cases met criteria for DSM-IV, but not DSM-5, this was primarily due the revision excluding sudden unexpected death of a loved one from Criterion A in the DSM-5. The other reason was a failure to have one avoidance symptom. When cases met criteria for DSM-5, but not DSM-IV, this was primarily due to not meeting DSM-IV avoidance/numbing and/or arousal criteria . Research also suggests that similarly to DSM-IV, prevalence of PTSD for DSM-5 was higher among women than men, and increased with multiple traumatic event exposure .
Common Medications Used In Ptsd Treatment
After you experience a traumatic event, the chemicals in your brain can affect the way you feel. For instance, when a person experiences depression , he or she may not have lowered amounts of happy neurotransmitters like serotonin or dopamine. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors help increase the level of serotonin in a persons brain. This type of antidepressant drug can help a person feel less worried and sad.
Here is a list of common SSRIs:
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Recognizing Early Warning Signs Of Ptsd
Recognizing Early Warning Signs of PTSD
The severity of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms can change over time, and therefore, it is important to recognize early warning signs that may indicate symptoms are being triggered or worsening.
Managing the symptoms of PTSD takes a great deal of effort and the regular use of healthy coping skills. Sometimes stressful experiences or changes in mood may make it difficult to manage healthy coping skills. For example, a person with PTSD may notice themselves slipping into the use of avoidance behaviors, such as isolating themselves from loved ones. They may also turn to unhealthy coping strategies, such as substance use, deliberate self-harm, or binge eating. You may notice changes in how they think, their mood, and their behaviors. If you witness any of these things or changes happen, it is important to seek help as quickly as possible. PTSD can spiral out of control if not treated.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
According to the American Psychiatric Association, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a mental health condition that is triggered by experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event. Some of the most common events that result in PTSD are serious accidents, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, armed robberies, war/combat, and assault.
Early Intervention and Treatment is Critical
Flashbacks And Panic: Signs Of Re
Everyday occurrences can trigger memories of the traumatic event. When the brain becomes reminded of the trauma, survivors of PTSD may re-experience the event itself, as if it were occurring in the present. Flashbacks cause the survivor to have a waking, conscious and often sensory experience of the traumatic episode, usually accompanied by visual or auditory immersions.
Intrusive thoughts can also represent the re-experiencing of trauma, as the survivors natural efforts to switch mental focus or block the experience fail. Another sign of re-experiencing trauma in PTSD is extreme psychological stress when triggers occur.
He or she may even experience physical sensations of re-experiencing, such as muscles freezing, profuse sweating, racing pulse or heartbeat, yelling, or running away when psychological or physical cues trigger the traumatic event.
Finally, persistent nightmares represent re-experiencing the trauma and in some cases, nightmares that cause the survivor to relive the event can be as traumatic as flashbacks.
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Beyond Treatment: How Can I Help Myself
It may be very hard to take that first step to help yourself. It is important to realize that although it may take some time, with treatment, you can get better. If you are unsure where to go for help, ask your family doctor. You can also check NIMH’s Help for Mental Illnesses page or search online for mental health providers, social services, hotlines, or physicians for phone numbers and addresses. An emergency room doctor can also provide temporary help and can tell you where and how to get further help.
To help yourself while in treatment:
- Talk with your doctor about treatment options
- Engage in mild physical activity or exercise to help reduce stress
- Set realistic goals for yourself
- Break up large tasks into small ones, set some priorities, and do what you can as you can
- Try to spend time with other people, and confide in a trusted friend or relative. Tell others about things that may trigger symptoms.
- Expect your symptoms to improve gradually, not immediately
- Identify and seek out comforting situations, places, and people
Caring for yourself and others is especially important when large numbers of people are exposed to traumatic events .
What Can I Do If I Am Not Happy With My Treatment
If you are not happy with your treatment you can:
- talk to your doctor about your treatment options,
- ask for a second opinion,
- ask a relative, friend or advocate to help you speak your doctor,
- contact Patient Advice and Liaison Service , or
- make a complaint.
There is more information about these options below.
You should first speak to your doctor about your treatment. Explain why you are not happy with it. You could ask what other treatments you could try.
Tell your doctor if there is a type of treatment that you would like to try. Doctors should listen to your preference. If you are not given this treatment, ask your doctor to explain why it is not suitable for you.
A second opinion means that you would like a different doctor to give their opinion about what treatment you should have. You can also ask for a second opinion if you disagree with your diagnosis.
You dont have a legal right to a second opinion. But your doctor should listen to your reason for wanting a second opinion.
An advocate is independent from the mental health service. They are free to use. They can be useful if you find it difficult to get your views heard.
There are different types of advocates available. Community advocates can support you to get a health professional to listen to your concerns. And help you to get the treatment that you would like.
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How To Know If You Have Ptsd
The causes of PTSD can range widely. Not every traumatic experience causes PTSD, either. How do you know you have it? Consider these signs:
When To Get Help For Ptsd
If youre experiencing symptoms of PTSD, understand that youre not alone. According to the National Center for PTSD, 8 million adults have PTSD in any given year.
If you have frequent upsetting thoughts, are unable to control your actions, or fear that you might hurt yourself or others, seek help right away.
See your healthcare provider or a mental health professional immediately.
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Signs Of Complex Ptsd
Are you experiencing the symptoms of Complex PTSD?
The truth is, you may be affected by this damaging psychological condition and you might not even know it. Some of us may realize that we are not well, but most of the time we brush it off as anxiety or stress, and hence the condition often goes undiagnosed. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of Complex PTSD will help us to identify the disorder and enable us to seek the right treatment.
Here are a few common symptoms of Complex PTSD that you need to look out for:
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
|, the neurotransmitter that is involved in the mechanism of action of SSRIs.
|Serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors, serotonergic antidepressants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are a that are typically used as in the treatment of , , and other psychological conditions.
SSRIs increase the level of the by its into the . They have varying degrees of selectivity for the other , with pure SSRIs having strong affinity for the and only weak affinity for the and .
SSRIs are the most widely prescribed antidepressants in many countries. The efficacy of SSRIs in mild or moderate cases of depression has been disputed and may be outweighed by side effects, especially in adolescent populations.
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