Bipolar Disorder Or Depression
Doctors sometimes find it hard to distinguish between bipolar disorder and depression, and this can lead to misdiagnosis. People with bipolar disorder are more likely to seek help during a low mood because depression is more likely to have a negative impact on their health and wellbeing. During a high mood, they may feel exceptionally well.
Factors that increase the chance of this happening include the following:
- Depression is the dominant mood.
- Depression is the first episode you have.
- You have experienced mania or hypomania but not realized it could be significant.
Its essential to get an accurate diagnosis in order to work out a treatment plan. Antidepressants may not be effective in treating bipolar disorder.
In addition, some antidepressant medications can trigger a first manic or hypomanic episode if youre susceptible to them, and this could complicate both treatment and the outcome.
If you go to see your doctor with depression, be sure to tell them about any of the following, as these can help get an accurate diagnosis:
- a family history of bipolar disorder or other mental health conditions
- any other conditions that affect your mental or physical wellbeing
- any medications, drugs, or other substances youre taking or have used in the past
- if youve already tried antidepressants and they did not help
When Mania Is Present
Mania is not to be mixed up with the milder hypomania often found inbipolar II patients. While hypomania can progress into the more severe form, itdoesnt pose as much of a threat to ones daily activities. You can experiencehypomania and still take part in activities such as:
- Relationship interactions
But all of these go out the window for the bipolar patient in the midstof a manic episode. Of the many bipolar disorder symptoms patients have to dealwith, this can be the scariest for both the person having it and those whospend time with them. It plays out like this.
Patients: Don’t Keep Toxic People In Your Life
You know who they arethe people who hurt your feelings constantly, the ones who drain your energy, the ones who attack you again and again. Depending on the relationship, it can be relatively easy to very difficult to actually remove a toxic person from your life. But it’s essential that you do something about it.
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Bipolar Disorder And Guns
So, can a person with bipolar disorder own a gun? The answer is yes and no. In general, people with mental illness are not prohibited from owning firearms. However, there are some exceptions.
For example, people who have been involuntarily committed to a mental institution or who are a danger to themselves or others are not allowed to possess firearms. This is because mental illness can sometimes result in impulsive or irrational behavior. As a result, these individuals may be more likely to misuse firearms.
Of course, if you suffer from hoplophobia, or the fear of firearms, you probably dont want to own them in the first place.
Can A Person Have Bipolar And Aspergers
This cycle can be characterized by mania, anxiety, depression, and even rage and violence. While the link between bipolar disorder and Asperger syndrome has been well documented, there is also evidence that the two disorders share many symptoms .
The Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder that causes people with the condition to communicate, behave, and interact in an inappropriate manner with others. As a result, bipolar disorder is also a common mental health issue. It is estimated that 4.4% of adults in the United States will develop bipolar disorder at some point in their lives. If you have autism, you may also suffer from a mental health condition that affects your emotional well-being. It is not uncommon for people with more than one type of neurodivergence to find it difficult to navigate their way around. As educators, consultants, and advocates, Sonny Jane shares her experiences navigating her native land in Australia. You must recognize your triggers and symptoms in order to navigate your life with multiple neurodevelopmental disorders.
One in every six adults with bipolar disorder is also diagnosed with ADHD. To learn how to manage both conditions, you should seek out specialized treatments and support. As a mental health professional, you have the only way to diagnose these conditions.
Can Bipolar People Tell They Are Bipolar Euphoria
In the manic phase of bipolar disorder, it’s common to experience feelings of heightened energy, creativity, and euphoria. If you’re experiencing a manic episode, you may talk a mile a minute, sleep very little, and be hyperactive. You may also feel like you’re all-powerful, invincible, or destined for greatness.
Parents: Don’t Miss Out On Opportunities To Help Your Child At School
Children with bipolar disorder often need special assistance at school. They can have trouble focusing, have anger issues and be easily tormented by other children. Also, it’s quite common for a bipolar child to have co-morbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and to take medications at school. You need to know your child’s rights and implement the available programs.
When Should I Go To The Emergency Room For Bipolar Disorder
If youre experiencing any of these situations, its essential to call 911 or get to the nearest emergency room:
- Thoughts of death or suicide.
- Thoughts or plans of hurting yourself or others.
- Experiencing hallucinations and delusions.
- Symptoms of lithium toxicity , such as severe nausea and vomiting, severe hand tremors, confusion and vision changes.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. But long-term, ongoing treatment, such as medication and talk therapy, can help manage your symptoms and enable you to live a healthy, purposeful life. Its important to see your healthcare team regularly to monitor your treatment plan and symptoms. Know that your healthcare providers and loved ones are there to support you.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/12/2022.
You Can Support Someone You Love With Bipolar Disorder By Educating Yourself And Understanding These Facts
Learn as much as you can about bipolar disorder, Nina*, 25, who has bipolar II, tells SELF. There are so many books for families and friends.
Bradley, who is 54 years old and has bipolar I, first picked up on symptoms of his condition when he was 48. He tells SELF that a reliable, informed support system is key in helping a person with bipolar stay on top of their treatment. If the person is in denial about their condition, then friends and family need to conduct a loving intervention to explain their care and the need for the person to be evaluated, he suggests. They need to do it together and all go with the person to see a great psychiatrist, then provide assistance in order to make sure that their is regularly taken. No exceptions.
Mike uses his wife as a example of how family can be hugely important for someone with bipolar disorder: makes sure I take my meds. She has learned to recognize signs that I am experiencing unnatural highs and lows. She will force me to have contact with others even though I dont want the contact. She asks how I am, and she engages me in conversation even when I dont want to talk, he says. I appreciate that, and it always helps.
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Patients: Stop Damaging Your Body
There are some dangers inherent in bipolar disorder that make it more likely youll do harmful things to yourself or be intimidated into letting medical personnel give you inadequate or even improper treatment. Its up to you to take action about these issues. Understand why they happen and what you need to do, with insights from others to help you.
State Laws On Gun Ownership For Persons With Mental Illness
In addition to federal laws, each state has its own laws regarding gun ownership for persons with mental illness. For example, in some states, a person may be prohibited from owning a gun if they have ever been involuntarily committed to a mental institution. In other states, a person may be prohibited from owning a gun if they have been diagnosed with a mental illness or an unsound mind.
It is important to note that state laws vary and that the laws regarding gun ownership for persons with mental illness are constantly changing. As a result, it is important to consult an attorney in your state to determine whether or not you are allowed to own a firearm.
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Can Bipolar Hear Voices
They can hear voices but it is different from schizophrenia. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder identified by extreme changes in mood, energy, activity levels, and the inability to function normally. The defining characteristic of bipolar disorder is the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated mood. The disorder is sometimes referred to as manic depression because of the depressed state. Bipolar disorder is characterized by mood swings that cause suffering and disability. When someone has both depression and mania, it is called a manic depressive illness. Bipolar disorder can make it hard to stay focused, think clearly, and get along with other people..
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What Are The Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder symptoms can make it difficult to deal with day-to-day life. It can have a bad effect on your relationships and work. The different types of symptoms are described below.
Symptoms of mania can include:
- feeling happy or excited, even if things arent going well for you,
- being full of new and exciting ideas,
- moving quickly from one idea to another,
- racing thoughts,
- sleeping too much or not being able to sleep,
- eating less or over eating,
- losing or gaining weight, when you dont mean to, and
- thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts.
Sometimes you can have psychotic symptoms during a severe episode of mania or depression. Symptoms of psychosis can be:
- hallucinations. This means that you may hear, see, or feel things that are not there, and
- delusions. This means you may believe things that arent true. Other people will usually find your beliefs unusual.
Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder can reflect your mood. For example, if you have a manic episode you may believe that you have special powers or are being monitored by the government. If you have depressive episode, you may feel very guilty about something you think you have done. You may feel that you are worse than anybody else or feel that you don’t exist.
You can find more information about:
- Depression by clicking here.
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How To Find Out If You Have Bipolar Disorder
Because bipolar disorder resembles other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or depression, its important to get a formal diagnosis of the disorder to be sure that its what you are experiencing. Getting properly diagnosed also ensures that you will receive the best treatment.
Taking the first steps toward diagnosis can be scary, but knowing what is going on with you, and getting help, means you are that much closer to feeling more like yourself again.
Getting a bipolar disorder diagnosis usually first involves visiting your healthcare provider. They will do a physical exam and may order blood work. Blood testing cant tell you if you have bipolar disorder, but it can rule out medical conditions that may be causing your symptoms such as thyroid imbalances.
If your provider believes you may be experiencing bipolar disorder, they will likely refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist for a formal diagnosis. Usually, bipolar disorder is diagnosed if you show a pattern of alternating major depression with mania or hypomania. You have to have had at least one occurrence of mania or hypomania to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
Find What Works For You
King finds relief through self-reflection, frequent exercise, multiple hobbies, and having creative outlets. For Ayetoro, journaling and deep breathing practices help to bring her peace. Most people we interviewed are thankful for taking medication.
But what works for one person may not work for the next.
Howard encourages folks to try different things and not be afraid to fail. Every failed coping skill attempt gets you closer to what will work.
Consider combining these approaches for a more holistic treatment plan. Speak with a mental health professional to figure out what might work best for you.
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Ethics Decision Making And Behaviors
It is crucial for the individual with bipolar disorder to seek help with managing their symptoms. Treatment for bipolar disorder typically includes psychotherapy, medication, and learning strategies for coping during manic or depressive episodes. There are many different treatment options out there, and help is always available in one form or the other.
Loved ones can be of great assistance to those living with bipolar disorder. One way to help is to understand that the person with bipolar disorder needs different tools to get the same needs fulfilled that we all have as humans , and they are not a bad person. Oftentimes, the two are misconstrued, and the persons behaviors are considered immoral instead of realized as being inconsistent with who the person is and requiring medical attention.
Challenges With Getting A Diagnosis
The symptoms of bipolar disorder can overlap with other mental health problems. Different people may experience or express their symptoms in different ways. And professionals do not always get it right.
Because of this, you might:
- Not get a diagnosis of bipolar disorder when you feel you should have one.
- Get a diagnosis of a different mental health problem, which you don’t agree with.
- Get a diagnosis of bipolar disorder that you think is incorrect.
Even if you think your diagnosis is correct, you may still feel that it doesn’t completely fit your experiences.
If you are unhappy or concerned about your diagnosis, it’s important to discuss this with your doctor.
You can make sure your voice is heard, seek a second opinion and take steps if you’re not happy with your doctor. For more information, see our pages on:
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Living With Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a condition of extremes. A person with bipolar disorder may be unaware they’re in the manic phase.
After the episode is over, they may be shocked at their behaviour. But at the time, they may believe other people are being negative or unhelpful.
Some people with bipolar disorder have more frequent and severe episodes than others.
The extreme nature of the condition means staying in a job may be difficult and relationships may become strained. There’s also an increased risk of suicide.
During episodes of mania and depression, someone with bipolar disorder may experience strange sensations, such as seeing, hearing or smelling things that are not there .
They may also believe things that seem irrational to other people . These types of symptoms are known as psychosis or a psychotic episode.
Does A Bipolar Person Know They Are Bipolar
So no, not everyone who has bipolar disorder knows they have it. There are lots of reasons why someone with bipolar disorder might not realize itor why they might deny having it even if they do. If you think someone you know might have untreated bipolar disorder, there are a few things you can do to help.
What Should You Not Say To Someone With Bipolar
9 Things Not to Say to Someone Who Has Bipolar Disorder
- “You’re Just Overreacting Again”
- “Anything That Doesn’t Kill You Makes You Stronger”
- “Everybody Has Mood Swings Sometimes”
- “Everyone Is a Little Bipolar Sometimes”
- “You Are Psycho”
- “You’re Acting Like a Maniac”
- “I Wish I Was Manic so I Could Get Things Done”
Who Does Bipolar Disorder Affect
Bipolar disorder can affect anyone. The average age of onset is 25 years, but, more rarely, it can start as early as early childhood or as late as in your 40s or 50s.
Although bipolar disorder affects people assigned female at birth and people assigned male at birth in equal numbers, the condition tends to affect them differently.
People AFAB with bipolar disorder may switch moods more quickly. When people with bipolar disorder experience four or more manic or depressive episodes in a year, this is called rapid cycling. Varying levels of sex hormones and thyroid hormones, together with the tendency for people AFAB to be prescribed antidepressants, may contribute to the more rapid cycling in this population.
People AFAB with bipolar disorder may also experience more periods of depression than people AMAB.
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Bipolar Disorder And Other Conditions
Some bipolar disorder symptoms are similar to those of other illnesses, which can make it challenging for a health care provider to make a diagnosis. In addition, many people may have bipolar disorder along with another mental disorder or condition, such as an anxiety disorder, substance use disorder, or an eating disorder. People with bipolar disorder have an increased chance of having thyroid disease, migraine headaches, heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other physical illnesses.
Psychosis: Sometimes, a person with severe episodes of mania or depression may experience psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions. The psychotic symptoms tend to match the persons extreme mood. For example:
- People having psychotic symptoms during a manic episode may have the unrealistic belief that they are famous, have a lot of money, or have special powers.
- People having psychotic symptoms during a depressive episode may falsely believe they are financially ruined and penniless, have committed a crime, or have an unrecognized serious illness.
As a result, people with bipolar disorder who also have psychotic symptoms are sometimes incorrectly diagnosed with schizophrenia. When people have symptoms of bipolar disorder and also experience periods of psychosis that are separate from mood episodes, the appropriate diagnosis may be schizoaffective disorder.
Anxiety: It is common for people with bipolar disorder to also have an anxiety disorder.