Other Drugs That Can Cause Depression
Some other medications that may be linked to depressive side effects include:
- Acne medications
- Problems with appetite or weight
- Problems with thinking, memory, and concentration
- Loss of interest in things once enjoyed
- Thoughts of death or suicide
It can be helpful to write down details like when your symptoms first started and when they are the most severe. With many medications, you may begin to start noticing such symptoms within the first few weeks after you begin a new drug.
Because many medications that can cause depression are not prescribed to treat mental health conditions, people may not be adequately warned of this possible risk.
It is also difficult to know what your individual reaction to a drug may be, or how it may interact with other medications that you are currently taking. For this reason, it is important to always fully inform your doctor about anything else you are taking, including any over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements. Always talk to your doctor if you experience any unusual side effects after taking a medication.
How Are Anxiety Disorders Diagnosed
To diagnose anxiety disorders, your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You may also have a physical exam and lab tests to make sure that a different health problem is not the cause of your symptoms.
If you dont have another health problem, you will get a psychological evaluation. Your provider may do it, or you may be referred to a mental health professional to get one.
Special Benzodiazepine Risk Factors
Anyone who takes benzodiazepines can experience unpleasant or dangerous side effects. But certain individuals are at a higher risk:
People over 65. Older adults are more sensitive to the sedating effects of benzodiazepines. Even small doses can cause confusion, amnesia, loss of balance, and cognitive impairment that looks like dementia. Benzodiazepine use in the elderly is associated with an increased risk of falls, broken hips and legs, and car accidents. Long-term benzodiazepine use also increases the risk of Alzheimers disease and dementia.
People with a history of substance abuse. Because theyre physically addicting and on their own and dangerous when combined with alcohol and other drugs, anyone with a current or former substance abuse problem should use benzodiazepines only with extreme caution.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women. Benzodiazepine use during pregnancy can lead to dependence in the developing baby, with withdrawal following birth. Benzodiazepines are also excreted in breast milk. Therefore, pregnant women need to have a thorough discussion about the risks and benefits of these medications with their prescribing doctor. If medication is necessary, the goal is the smallest effective dose.
The connection between benzodiazepines and accidents
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Referral To A Specialist
If you have tried the treatments mentioned above and have significant symptoms of GAD, you may want to discuss with your GP whether you should be referred to a mental health specialist.
A referral will work differently in different areas of the UK, but you’ll usually be referred to your community mental health team.
These teams include a range of specialists, including:
- occupational therapists
An appropriate mental health specialist from your local team will carry out an overall reassessment of your condition.
They’ll ask you about your previous treatment and how effective you found it.
They may also ask about things in your life that may be affecting your condition, or how much support you get from family and friends.
Your specialist will then be able to devise a treatment plan for you, which will aim to treat your symptoms.
As part of this plan, you may be offered a treatment you haven’t tried before, which might be one of the psychological treatments or medications mentioned above.
Alternatively, you may be offered a combination of a psychological treatment with a medication, or a combination of 2 different medications.
Do Anxiety Medications Have Any Serious Risks Or Side Effects
Of all the medications described here, benzodiazepines have the highest risk for side effects. Its possible to become dependent on them and build tolerance to them. Over time, you may need higher doses to experience the same effects.
These effects can happen to anyone. This is because of the way benzodiazepines work in the brain.
Withdrawal symptoms can develop if benzodiazepines are suddenly stopped after being used for a while. To avoid withdrawal symptoms, its recommended to gradually lower your dose. Your healthcare provider can help you with this. But because of these potential side effects, benzodiazepines arent recommended as first-choice medications.
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are a serious side effect associated with antidepressants. You should talk to your healthcare provider right away if you experience this while taking an antidepressant.
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Give Yourself A Bedtime
With your busy schedule, theres no time for sleep, right? Some workaholics brag about only needing three or four hours of sleep a night, as if to say, Im more determined and committed than everyone else. But no matter what you might tell yourself, youre not a robot. Humans need sleep to function properly, so unless you beamed in from some nearby planet, this also applies to you.
Whether you deal with insomnia, purposely limit your amount of sleep, or youre a self-professed night owl, chronic sleep deprivation makes you susceptible to anxiety. Do yourself a favor and get eight to nine hours of sleep every night. Develop a bedtime routine to read a book or do something relaxing before bed. The better prepared you are to get a good nights sleep, the better quality of sleep youll have, which leads to a better morning as well.
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What Happens If A Normal Person Takes Antidepressants
The popular antidepressant sertraline has been found to alter brain structure and function in people who do not suffer from depression, according research published for the first time this month. This means that if youre taking an antibiotic or other medications regularly then your doctor may need some more information before prescribingirm-Lori Myoutu, BS candidate at Boston University School of Medicineinformation regarding side effects
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Symptoms Of Emotional Blunting
Emotional blunting means that your feelings and emotions are so dulled that you neither feel up nor down. You simply feel blah. People who experience emotional blunting will often report:
- Being less able to laugh or cry even when appropriate
- Feeling less empathy for others
- Loss of motivation and drive
- Not being able to respond with the same level of enjoyment that you normally would
Emotional blunting often co-occurs with other symptoms such as slowed thinking, decreased libido, and loss of concentration.
I Need Relief And I Need It Now
So where does that leave you if youre suffering? Even when anxiety relief comes with side effects and dangers, that can still sound like a fair trade when panic and fear are ruling your life.
The bottom line is that theres a time and place for anxiety medication. If you have severe anxiety thats interfering with your ability to function, medication may be helpfulespecially as a short-term treatment. However, many people use anti-anxiety medication when therapy, exercise, or other self-help strategies would work just as well or better, minus the drawbacks.
Anxiety medications can ease symptoms, but theyre not right for everyone and theyre not the only answer. Its up to you to evaluate your options and decide whats best for you.
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Youve Started Having Problems At Work
AsHershenson says, It is a problem when your anxiety begins taking a toll on your mental and physical health, affecting work and relationships. This means your anxiety is likely getting out of control and going beyond the normal anxiety we all feel every day. So, are you having trouble making it through a work day? Or are you too nervous to travel on business trips? Take these as signs.
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How Does Anxiety Medication Work
Written by Casa Palmera Staff
Anxiety disorder can be very crippling, an obstacle to carrying out necessary everyday functions and leading a fulfilling life. While anxiety can be useful in helping us survive potential threats to our safety and well being, anxiety disorder takes it to the extreme. This type of anxiety occurs not only during times of perceived stress, but in other times when there typically would be nothing to fear. Whats worse is that if it is left untreated, anxiety disorder can worsen and become even more pervasive. In those cases, the struggle with anxiety disorder can be debilitating.
That is why it is critical to treat cases of anxiety disorder in order for patients to gain some semblance of a more normal life. One of the most common methods of treatment is the use of medication. It can be a valuable tool to help regain balance in life, either used on its own or in conjunction with therapy. Here is a closer look at how anxiety medication works in treating this disorder.
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Foods That Help Or Hurt Anxiety
There are several types of medications used to treat anxiety disorders.
Within each of these categories, there are subgroups of drugs that work differently and have their own benefits, risks, and possible side effects.
Theyre supereffective in treating anxiety disorders, says Beth Salcedo, MD, the medical director of the Ross Center for Anxiety & Related Disorders and a past board president of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Its not known exactly how SSRIs work on serotonin to alleviate anxiety, says Dr. Salcedo, but what is known is that theyre not addictive like benzodiazepines are .
Its important to follow your doctors instructions when taking any prescription drug. Talk to your doctor if youre concerned about the side effects of a medication, or if the drug youre taking doesnât seem to be alleviating your symptoms.
Other antidepressants that may be prescribed for anxiety include:
- Wellbutrin, Zyban, Aplenzin, Budeprion, or Buproban
- Tricyclic antidepressants, such as Amitid, Amitril, Elavil, or Endep Aventyl, Pamelor or Tofranil
What Is The Best Medication For Anxiety
In order to figure out which medication is going to best treat your anxiety and alleviate symptoms, you must speak with your doctor.
The best anxiety medication and treatment depends on a number of factors, including what is causing the anxiety disorder. Your doctor will recommend a prescription based on your medical history, taking into account any other medications or conditions you may have. Theyll also be able to monitor your progress and alter treatment according to your response.
Here is a comparison of the most commonly prescribed anxiety medications:
|Best medications for anxiety|
- Dietary changes, such as increasing the amount of fresh fruit and vegetables
- Reducing alcohol and illicit drug consumption
- Vitamins and supplements, such as magnesium
Before starting any natural treatment or trying home remedies for anxiety, be sure to speak with your doctor and get their professional medical advice.
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You Have Mysterious Aches And Pains
One of your bodys ways of coping with stress is to tighten your muscles and get poised to fend off an attack. You may find yourself clenching your jaw or hunching your shoulders. No wonder youre constantly achy or in pain.
Mindfulness, relaxation exercises, and yoga can help relieve your anxietyand those aching muscles. But if those solutions dont ease your symptoms, you may not be successfully controlling your anxiety.
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Risks Of Anxiety Disorder Medications
Like any medication, those designated for anxiety disorders can carry some risks. There are a range of side effects, which, depending on the medication, can include dry mouth, diarrhea/constipation, lower appetite, sleep issues, nausea and heartburn. Some medications can also spark feelings of nervousness, irritability or, in severe cases, suicidal thoughts. Because these side effects can pose significant health problems, a doctor should be consulted if any of them appear.
Patients should also make sure their physicians know about anything they may be taking that could interfere with anxiety disorder medications. That includes over-the-counter drugs, herbal or vitamin supplements, other medications or even regular consumption of caffeine or alcohol.
Finally, anxiety disorder medications such as benzodiazepines carry the risk of abuse and addiction. Some medications can have a powerful effect on the brain and if they are taken frequently, a tolerance can develop. That means more of the medication needs to be taken to obtain the desired effect, and continued, accelerated use can lead to dependency. If the medication dependency interferes with a persons daily life and take the drug becomes the sole focus, it can indicate a possible addiction. People who abuse antidepressants and benzodiazepines over a long period of time may also suffer withdrawal symptoms when they attempt to stop using the medication.
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A Visual Guide To Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The main symptom of generalized anxiety disorder is a constant and exaggerated sense of tension and anxiety. Because many people are unaware that they have it, they miss out on treatments that can lead to a happier life. Medically reviewed by Minesh Khatri, MD on February 16, 2020.There is no lab test for generalized anxiety disorder, so the diagnosis is based on your description of your symptoms. Medications may be used as part of your treatment plan. People with generalized anxiety disorder are more likely to develop depression, alcoholism, or drug addiction.
What Are The Treatments For Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Medication for Anxiety
Medication is useful for alleviating the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder and is often prescribed in conjunction with other therapies. Some types of anxiety drugs can be habit-forming and are usually prescribed on a short-term or as-needed basis.
Different anxiety disorders have different medication regimens. Some are preventive and some are designed to cure the problem.
Antidepressants, particularly the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors , are widely used to treat and prevent a variety of anxiety disorders. Examples of SSRIs that are commonly used to treat chronic anxiety include citalopram , escitalopram , fluoxetine , paroxetine , and sertraline . The antidepressantsduloxetine and venlafaxine , SNRIs which act on the brain chemicals serotonin and norephinephrine, and some of the tricyclic antidepressants like imipramine , may also help. Novel antidepressants such as mirtazepine are also prescribed at times.Ã
Another anti-anxiety drug is busprirone . It has fewer side effects than the benzodiazepines and is not associated with dependence. Buspar, however, can have its own side effects and may not always be as effective when a person has taken benzodiazepines in the past.
Therapy for Anxiety
Lifestyle Modifications to Alleviate Anxiety
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You Avoid Things That Are Good For You
Worried about giving a presentation or talking to other people?
If youre anxiously imagining all of the things that could go wrong and avoiding the things that scare you, anxiety is holding you back.
You could miss out on a promotion because youre afraid to participate in a conference. Or you might avoid an uncomfortable conversation with a significant other that could improve your relationship.
Instead of avoiding conflict, it is possible to reduce anxiety by getting more comfortable with it. Behaviors that we learn as little kids, such as not talking back to our parents, can stickand our brains dont always realize that now were adults. So those fears we learn as children can still be at work when were grown up.
What Will A Doctor Do For Anxiety
An anti-anxiety medication called buspirone may be prescribed. In limited circumstances, your doctor may prescribe other types of medications, such as sedatives, also called benzodiazepines, or beta blockers. These medications are for short-term relief of anxiety symptoms and are not intended to be used long term.
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Symptoms Of Xanax Misuse And Abuse
- Sleeping excessively but always feeling tired
- Stomach pain/vomiting
Xanax becomes lethal when mixed with other substances that depress the central nervous system. Drinking alcohol or using a narcotic painkiller like opioids while also on Xanax can cause the user to fall asleep and never wake up. The breath becomes so slow and theres a risk of respiratory arrest, leading to overdose death.
Make Sure You’re Taking The Right Medication
“There are a variety of medication classes available that can treat anxiety symptoms, from medications you take every day, to those you just take as needed when you start to feel overwhelmed with panic symptoms starting,” Dr. Nikole Benders-Hadi, a board-certified adult psychiatrist at Doctor On Demand, told INSIDER.
She added, “Depending on your anxiety, including when anxiety symptoms occur, how long they last, and whether particular triggers for anxiety, your doctor can help determine which type of anxiety medication will work best for you.”
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Antidepressants Should Make You Morenot Lesslike Yourself
People are often concerned that taking a psychotropic drug will change who they are, Dr. Cox says.
Medication should not change your personality. That is never the goal, she says. The goal is to feel like yourself but rid of the problematic symptomsto not feel totally overwhelmed with depression or anxiety.