How To Succeed In A Ptsd Lawsuit
If the recklessness or negligence of another driver has caused you to suffer from PTSD, you may want to file a personal injury lawsuit against them or their insurer. In doing so, youll need to retain a reputable attorney who will likely get a medical expert to vouch for your condition.
Beyond these basic steps, there are three key considerations to this type of lawsuit.
Success or failure in this type of suit has a lot to do with the medical and legal professionals you choose to trust. It also can come down to a battle of the experts as the other side may try to discredit your case with their own expert.
Statistics Related To Mental Health Disorders
The following are the latest statistics available from the National Institute of Mental Health Disorders, part of the National Institutes of Health:
Mental health disorders account for several of the top causes of disability in established market economies, such as the U.S., worldwide, and include: major depression , manic depression , schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
An estimated 26% of Americans ages 18 and older — about 1 in 4 adults — suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.
Many people suffer from more than one mental disorder at a given time. In particular, depressive illnesses tend to co-occur with substance abuse and anxiety disorders.
Approximately 9.5% of American adults ages 18 and over, will suffer from a depressive illness each year.
- Women are nearly twice as likely to suffer from major depression than men. However, men and women are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder.
- While major depression can develop at any age, the average age at onset is the mid-20s.
- With bipolar disorder, which affects approximately 2.6% of Americans age 18 and older in a given year — the average age at onset for a first manic episode is during the early 20s.
Most people who commit suicide have a diagnosable mental disorder — most commonly a depressive disorder or a substance abuse disorder.
% Of The Gulf War Veterans Have Ptsd
The nature of combat has changed greatly since WWI and WWII, so the statistics on post-traumatic stress disorder increased in the meantime. One of the reasons for bigger rates could be the fact that soldiers are returning home faster than before. The longer trip home allowed for sharing experiences with fellow soldiers and longer processing and healing time.
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How Can I Help My Child Live With Ptsd
As a parent, you play a key role in your childs treatment. Here are things you can do to help:
Admit that the event happened. Pretending everything is normal won’t help your child.
Be supportive and get counseling for children and teens who have seen or gone through a traumatic event. A child or teen may at first not want counseling. But it may be needed months or even years after the traumatic event.
Keep all appointments with your child’s healthcare provider.
Talk with your childs healthcare provider about other providers who will be included in your childs care. Your child may get care from a team that may include counselors, therapists, social workers, psychologists, and psychiatrists. Your childs care team will depend on his or her needs and how serious the PTSD is.
Tell others about your childs PTSD. Work with your childs healthcare provider and school to create a treatment plan.
Reach out for support from local community services. Being in touch with other parents who have a child with PTSD may be helpful.
Take all symptoms of depression and suicide very seriously. Get treatment right away. Suicide is a health emergency.
When Should You Contact A Professional
You should seek professional help if symptoms persist and interfere with day-to-day activities, school or work performance, or personal relationships.
Experiences with traumatic stress can appear much different for children. Signs that a child may need professional help to cope with a traumatic event include:
- emotional outbursts
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Alterations In Cognition And Mood
Traumatic experiences can produce a complex mix of cognitive and emotional consequences. Veterans with PTSD can experience some or all of the following disruptions in their moods and thinking patterns, and these symptoms may combine to reinforce one another.
- Difficulty remembering certain details of the traumatic event
- Negative beliefs about oneself, others, or the world more generally, such as Im a bad person,Im a weak person, or People cant be trusted
- Inaccurate, self-loathing, or self-blaming thoughts about the cause or nature of the traumatic event, such as I could have prevented this,I caused this,I should have been able to save him, or I should have died instead
- Feelings of guilt, shame, fear, or horror in connection with the negative thoughts and beliefs noted above
- Feelings of detachment or estrangement from others
- An inability to experience positive emotions such as contentment or happiness, even when circumstances would seem to warrant them
Ptsd Risk Factors For Veterans
Which factors increase a veterans risk of developing PTSD? Despite the significant advances in modern psychiatry, research into this question is ongoing. Much remains to be discovered about the biological and psychological determinants of PTSD in active-duty and former military personnel. Additionally, little is known about relative risks for various branches of the military, such as the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force or Marine Corp.
However, a comprehensive meta analysis published in 2015 suggests that certain variables may influence a veterans likelihood of developing PTSD. These include the following:
- Degree of exposure to combat
- Discharging a weapon during combat
- Witnessing life-threatening injuries or death while deployed
- Levels of social support following traumatic exposure .
Importantly, factors contributing to the onset of PTSD are highly ambiguous and individualized. There is no single definite way to determine the causes of this disorder in each case.
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What Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder In Children
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a mental health problem. It can affect people of all ages. A child with PTSD keeps having scary thoughts and memories of a past event. He or she finds the event terrifying, either physically or emotionally.
The symptoms of PTSD may start soon after a stressful event. Or they may not happen for 6 months or longer. Some children with PTSD have long-term effects. They may feel emotionally numb for a very long time. PTSD in children often becomes a long-term problem.
PTSD may be accompanied by:
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What Events Cause Ptsd In Children
Children and teens could have PTSD if they have lived through an event that could have caused them or someone else to be killed or badly hurt. Such events include sexual or physical abuse or other violent crimes. Disasters such as floods, school shootings, car crashes, or fires might also cause PTSD. Other events that can cause PTSD are war, a friend’s suicide, or seeing violence in the area they live.
Child protection services in the U.S. get around three million reports each year. This involves 5.5 million children. Of the reported cases, there is proof of abuse in about 30%. From these cases, we have an idea how often different types of abuse occur:
- 65% neglect
- 7% psychological abuse
Also, three to ten million children witness family violence each year. Around 40% to 60% of those cases involve child physical abuse.
Men And Boys Are Also Affected By Sexual Violence
Millions of men in the United States have been victims of rape.
- As of 1998, 2.78 million men in the U.S. had been victims of attempted or completed rape.5
- About 3% of American menor 1 in 33have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime.5
- 1 out of every 10 rape victims are male.8
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Risk Of Experiencing Trauma
Findings from a large national mental health study show that a little more than half of all women will experience at least one traumatic event in their life. Women are slightly less likely to experience trauma than men. The most common trauma for women is sexual assault or child sexual abuse. About one in three women will experience a sexual assault in their lifetime. Rates of sexual assault are higher for women than men. Women are also more likely to be neglected or abused in childhood, to experience domestic violence, or to have a loved one suddenly die.
First World War: Shell Shock
The prolonged duration of the First World War, and the enormous casualty rate, saw the birth of military psychiatry.At that time, the Canadian medical profession was heavily influenced and shaped by the United States and United Kingdom. Combat-related emotional trauma became known as shell shock or lhypnose des batailles. The term shell shock capturedBritish ambivalence about whether the symptoms found in soldiers who did not show obvious wounds were of a physical or psychological nature. Dr. Donald Campbell Meyers , a neurologist who opened a psychiatry ward at the Toronto General Hospitalin 1906, came to view shell shock as a functional or traumatic neurosis.
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Pts In Veterans: High Prevalence Among Military Personnel5
Military service members and veterans from recent conflicts and combat are a population of special concern.
Since September 11, 2001, the U.S. has deployed more than 2.7 million men and women to support combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.7
According to the Department of Defenses 2015 evaluation of U.S. military casualty statistics5:
- Among deployed troops, there have been over 138,000 new diagnoses of PTSD from 2000 to June 2015, as well as 40,000 diagnoses among troops not yet deployed.
- The incidence of PTSD has increased since 2000, with a peak in 2011 and 2012.
- Post-deployment, PTSD prevalence in U.S. infantry personnel has averaged 10%-20%, often coexisting with depression, substance misuse, and other concerns.8
Among U.S. Army infantry soldiers returning from Iraq, 43.9% of those who reported a TBI with loss of consciousness also reported symptoms of PTSD.
New Diagnoses of PTSD among deployed troops, from 2000 to June 2015
Trauma Ptsd And Suicide
In a survey of 5,877 people across the United States, it was found that people who had experienced physical or sexual assault in their life also had a high likelihood of attempting to take their own life at some point:
- Nearly 22% of people who had been raped had also attempted suicide at some point in their life. In another study of adolescent girls who had been sexually abused, 46% reported having suicidal thoughts within the last three months.
- Approximately 23% of people who had experienced a physical assault had also attempted suicide at some point in their life.
- These rates of suicide attempts increased considerably among people who had experienced multiple incidents of sexual or physical assault . They also found that a history of sexual molestation, physical abuse as a child, and neglect as a child were associated with high rates of suicide attempts
- The National Comorbidity Survey-Replication found that sexual trauma and non-sexual physical violence were linked to more severe and chronic presentation of PTSD symptoms.
- People with a diagnosis of PTSD are also at greater risk to attempt suicide. Among people who have had a diagnosis of PTSD at some point in their lifetime, approximately 27% have also attempted suicide. Another large-scale survey found that 24% of military personnel diagnosed with PTSD had experienced suicidal thinking within the past year.
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There Are High Unmet Needs But Also Opportunities For Improvement In Both Diagnosing And Treating Ptsd
Diagnosing and then treating PTSD can be nuanced due to the complexity and timing of PTS presentation, with patients having multiple symptoms arising from the symptom clusters.16
- PTSD symptoms may start within 3 months of the traumatic event, but sometimes emerge years later.
- PTSD may be substantially underdiagnosed due to comorbidities and substance abuse, stigma associated with the diagnosis, lack of awareness among physicians and patients, and a lack of screening tools.
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% Of Men Experience At Least One Traumatic Event During Their Lifetime
Thats 6 out of 10 men. PTSD stats show that this is also the case for 50% of women in the US. While PTSD symptoms in women are the same as those that men experience, women are more likely to experience PTSD as a result of sexual assault, domestic violence, or child abuse.
On the other hand, men are more likely to experience this condition because of accidents, physical assault, war, disaster, or various injuries.
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Your Gender May Play A Role
Both men and women who serve in the military are sometimes at risk of suffering military sexual trauma . This is defined as sexual harassment or sexual assault that occurs while you serve in the military, and it can greatly increase your risk of developing PTSD and related issues. While this can happen to veterans regardless of gender, women are far more likely to suffer MST.
Specifically, four percent of male military personnel reported unwanted sexual contact, compared to 23 percent of female military personnel. Moreover, 38 percent of men said they were sexually harassed, whereas 55 percent of women experienced harassment. These numbers suggest that women experience MST at a much higher rate than male service members, particularly when you consider that women make up only 14 percent of the active duty Army.
In short, these numbers show that while all veterans should carefully consider whether MST could contribute to PTSD symptoms, female veterans should show extra caution in monitoring their mental health.
Us Civil War Years: 1861
- Irritable heart is used to describe PTSD in civil war soldiers.
- 1865: Unrelated to war, writer Charles Dickens wrote of experiencing “railway shaking” and a phobia of train travel after being traumatized in a railway accident, and witnessing people dying :7
- 1870: Soldier’s Heart is described by Charles Samuel Myers, a British military psychiatrist. :20,
- 1871: Da Costa, an army surgeon in the U.S. civil war, states that Soldier’s Heart involves almost constant traumatic neurosis, with some experiencing sudden paralysis or loss of sensation – now known as Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder or Dissociative Conversion Disorder.:20, ,
- 1878: Psychic trauma is a term proposed by Eulenberg for emotional shock leading to concussion of the brain.:41
- 1879: Denial of PTSD:compensation neurosis is a term introduced by Rigler following an increase in disability after railway accidents that occurs with the introduction of compensation laws in Prussia .:20
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Definition: What Is Ptsd
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder is regarded as a mental illness or disorder. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , the most widely used manual in clinical psychiatricpractice in Canada, categorizes PTSD among trauma and stressor-related disorders.
PTSD can arise in individuals exposed to direct, threatened or witnessed trauma such as unexpected or violent death, serious injury or sexual violence . It can also arise in individuals who did not experience trauma directly but learned of a close family member or friends traumaticexperience or who were repeatedly exposed to details of traumatic events experienced by others .
The clinical manifestations of PTSD are grouped into four categories:
Veteran Ptsd Statistics That Everyone Should Know
Understanding veteran PTSD statistics is the first step in receiving rehabilitative care. By understanding your risk of PTSD, you can better address any resulting addiction or mental health problems. Rates of PTSD differ based on several factors, so read on to determine how likely post-traumatic stress disorder is to affect you or your loved one.
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