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How Many People Are Diagnosed With Depression

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Economic Impact Of Depression

Why so many people in America are depressed and diagnosed with anxiety
  • Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease.
  • Neuropsychiatric disorders are the leading cause of disability in the U.S. with major depressive disorder being the most common
  • Mental Health is the second leading workplace concern, following only family issues.
  • Depression contributes to the estimated $100 billion annual cost of depression for U.S. employers, including $44 billion a year in lost productivity alone.

What Does The Doctor Look For To Make A Depression Diagnosis

A doctor can rule out other conditions that may cause depression with a physical examination, a personal interview, and lab tests. The doctor will also do a complete diagnostic evaluation, discussing any family history of depression or other mental illness.

Your doctor will evaluate your symptoms, including how long you’ve had them, when they started, and how they were treated. Theyâll ask about the way you feel, including whether you have any symptoms of depression such as:

  • Sadness or depressed mood most of the day or almost every day
  • Loss of enjoyment in things that were once pleasurable
  • Major change in weight or appetite
  • Insomnia or excessive sleep almost every day
  • Physical restlessness or sense of being run-down that others can notice
  • Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day
  • Feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness or excessive guilt almost every day
  • Problems with concentration or making decisions almost every day
  • Recurring thoughts of death or suicide, suicide plan, or suicide attempt

Treatment For Bipolar Disorder

  • Success rates of 70 to 85% were once expected with lithium for the acute phase treatment of mania, however, lithium response rates of only 40 to 50% are now commonplace.
  • Participation in a DBSA patient-to-patient support group improved treatment compliance by almost 86% and reduced in-patient hospitalization.
  • Consumers with bipolar disorder face up to ten years of coping with symptoms before getting an accurate diagnosis, with only one in four receiving an accurate diagnosis in less than three years.
  • A gender bias exists in the diagnosis of bipolar disorder: women are far more likely to be misdiagnosed with depression and men are far more likely to be misdiagnosed with schizophrenia.
  • Nearly 9 out of 10 consumers with bipolar disorder are satisfied with their current medication, although side effects remain a problem.
  • Consumers who report high levels of satisfaction with their treatment and treatment provider have a much more positive outlook about their illness and their ability to cope with it.
Crisis Information

If you or someone you know has thoughts of death or suicide, call 273-TALK or 9-1-1 immediately.;You can also text DBSA to 741-741. Or contact a medical professional, clergy member, loved one, friend, or hospital emergency room.

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Who Is Affected By Depression

  • Major depressive disorder affects approximately 17.3 million American adults, or about 7.1% of the U.S. population age 18 and older, in a given year.
  • Major depressive disorder is more prevalent in women than in men.;: 3095-105)
  • 1.9 million children, 3 17, have diagnosed depression.
  • Adults with a depressive disorder or symptoms have a 64 percent greater risk of developing coronary artery disease.

These Age Groups Most Affected By Covid

Two million commercially insured Americans diagnosed with ...

Experts call it the underlying crisis. While COVID-19 cases spike around the country, more than a third of Americans report related depression and anxiety.

The spread of COVID-19 leaves people feeling out of control, which is uncomfortable and unnerving, said Dr. James ODea, vice president of operations for the Hartford HealthCare;Behavioral Health Network. Were driven to protect ourselves and loved ones from perceived threats and the uncertainty surrounding this situation escalates fears.

Census Bureau statistics 24 percent of 42,000 respondents reported significant symptoms of major depressive disorder and 30 percent symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder were, in some cases, double those uncovered in 2014. In Connecticut, 36 percent said they felt anxious or depressed.

The pandemic, according to the data, affects people ages 18 to 29 more, with 42 percent reporting anxiety and 36 percent depression. The second most-affected age group was people 30 to 39, with 34 percent reporting anxiety and 28 percent depression. Older people, who are more at risk for catching and dying from COVID-19, were far less likely to report emotional reactions. Sixteen percent of people age 70 to 79 and 11 percent over 80 reported anxiety; 12 percent age 70 to 79 and 9 percent over 80 said they felt depressed.

If youre struggling with mental health issues, the BHN has a 24/7 hotline with clinicians who can help. Call .

Questions? Call our 24-hour hotline .;

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Fact: Racial And Ethnic Disparities Exist In Depression Diagnosis And Treatment

There are many factors that contribute to depression, from genetics and family history to physical health and stress. Research also shows there are disparities by race and ethnicity, although why these disparities exist is not exactly clear. Issues that create disparity may include increased stigma, lack of access to health care or health insurance, cultural insensitivity or language barriers in the healthcare setting, and using a primary physician for mental health care instead of a specialist.

  • Rates of depression by race or ethnicity demonstrate that 6.4 percent of white Americans are diagnosed with depression as compared to 7.2 percent of Hispanics and 4.2 percent of African Americans.
  • Seventy-three percent of whites diagnosed get treatment for depression, as compared to just 63 percent of Hispanics and 60 percent of African Americans.
  • People of color are less likely to get quality mental health care for depression.

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Statistical Methods And Measurement Caveats

Diagnostic Assessment:

Population:

  • The entirety of NSDUH respondents for the major depressive episode estimates is the civilian, non-institutionalized population aged 12-17 and 18 years old or older residing within the United States.
  • The survey covers residents of households and persons in non-institutional group quarters .
  • The survey does not cover persons who, for the entire year, had no fixed address ; were on active military duty; or who resided in institutional group quarters .
  • Some adults and adolescents in these excluded categories may have had a major depressive episode in the past year, but they are not accounted for in the NSDUH major depressive episode estimates.

Survey Non-response:

  • In 2017, 32.9% of the selected NSDUH sample did not complete the interview.
  • Reasons for non-response to interviewing include: refusal to participate ; respondent unavailable or no one at home ; and other reasons such as physical/mental incompetence or language barriers .
  • Adults and adolescents with major depressive episode may disproportionately fall into these non-response categories. While NSDUH weighting includes non-response adjustments to reduce bias, these adjustments may not fully account for differential non-response by mental illness status.

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Economic Burden Of Undiagnosed Depression

Based on QALYs lost, the per-resident burden of disease attributable to undiagnosed depression in Washington Heights was estimated to be $9950 of lost QALYs per resident when compared to residents without undiagnosed depression . Moreover, we can see that even greater economic burden of having undiagnosed depression is borne by less advantaged residents. Each unit increase in the count of psychological stress is associated with an increased burden of disease of $2750 per resident on average. A resident with no lifetime drug use, experiences increased QALY compared to a resident with any lifetime drug use worth an average of $2,550. Having asthma was associated with increased burden of disease valued at $3500, on average. Furthermore, each unit decrease in collective efficacy score is associated with an increased burden of disease, worth an average of $1470 per resident.

Us Cases Of Depression Have Tripled During The Covid

The truth about “Bipolar Disorder” (manic depression)

A large study finds a dramatic increase in the number of adults in the United States reporting symptoms of depression during the COVID-19 pandemic.

All data and statistics are based on publicly available data at the time of publication. Some information may be out of date. Visit our coronavirus huband follow our live updates page for the most recent information on the COVID-19 pandemic.

The number of adults experiencing depression in the U.S. has tripled, according to a major study. Researchers estimate that more than 1 in 4 U.S. adults now report experiencing symptoms of depression.

Before the pandemic, 8.5% of U.S. adults reported being depressed. That number has risen to 27.8% as the country struggles with COVID-19.

Prof. Sandro Galea, a dean at Boston University School of Public Health, MA, is senior author of the study.

Depression in the general population after prior large-scale traumatic events has been observed to, at most, double, he notes.

While reports of depression have increased in response to earlier crises, such as the 9/11 attack and the spread of Ebola in West Africa, the extent of this recent finding is something new.

The study features in the journal

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About Half Of Women Diagnosed With Ppd Began Experiencing Symptoms During Pregnancy

While its common for women to have some symptoms of depression after giving birth, postpartum depression statistics confirm that PPD can be much more severe. A point often overlooked is that several reports and studies have found that these symptoms might appear earlier than we expectduring pregnancy.

Depression Statistics In America

  • 17.3 million adults have had at least one major depressive episode.
  • Of those with major depressive episodes, 63.8% of adults and 70.77% of adolescents had severe impairment.
  • Women are nearly twice as likely as men to have depression.
  • Major depressive episodes were most prevalent among adults and adolescents reporting two or more races.

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Treatment: Medication For Depression Symptoms

Since depression disorders are caused in part by chemical imbalances in the brain, the use of psychiatric treatments is sometimes the only way patients can get back on their feet, improve sleep, and decrease stress. Depression is treatable with the right care, and a therapist can support you to get the help you need and start feeling more like yourself and less like your depression symptoms.

How Does Depression Rank Against Other Disorders

Depression and Anxiety: An American Epidemic?

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America ,;16.1 million adults in the United States are struggling with depression; called major depressive disorder at any time, an estimated 6.7% of the adult population.

Additionally, depression is a leading cause of disability in the United States for ages 15 to 44.3. In terms of total prevalence among U.S. adults, depression ranks second overall, behind anxiety disorders and above post-traumatic stress disorder .

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The Reality Of Statistics

To better understand this problem, researchers studied data collected from 20,000 people over a span of six years. These were all individuals who had been diagnosed with depression.

The researchers then took that data and used an algorithm to attempt to predict how many would not seek out help for the seventh year. The result was that the algorithm predicted that a whopping 72% of participants would not get therapeutic help for their depression. These statistics are shocking and worrisome!

However, the question remains: Why do people not seek out treatment?

After Being Diagnosed With Depression:

There is no right or wrong way to respond to a depression diagnosis, and reactions vary for different people. Some are taken aback by the diagnosis and feel fear, shock, shame, anger, and/or guilt.It can be hard learning you have an illness, especially if you dont have a solid understanding of it or know what your road to recovery might look like.

For many others, the diagnosis actually brings a sense of relief. Finally being able to put a name to what theyve been feeling offers a sense of hope and a better understanding of how to best move forward.

A diagnosis of depression shouldnt be seen as a limitation or a life sentence, but rather a key that can help unlock the shackles depression has put on your life.

Here are some important tips to help you navigate through your recovery:

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Women Twice As Likely As Men To Be Depressed

February 19, 2018, 01:35 pm ;A;National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief;issued Feb. 13 shows that more than 8 percent of adults older than 20 reported having depression during a given two-week period. Of that total, the prevalence of depression among women was almost double that seen in men.;

The brief, which used 2013-16 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, also found that about 80 percent of adults with depression reported at least some problems performing daily tasks.

Specifically, about 50 percent of adults with depression reported some degree of difficulty with work, home or social activities because of their depression symptoms, and 30 percent reported moderate or extreme difficulty.

Furthermore, the NCHS brief found that

  • the percentage of men with depression who reported difficulty with work, home or social activities because of their symptoms was similar to that for women;
  • the prevalence of depression was significantly lower among non-Hispanic Asian adults , compared with Hispanic , non-Hispanic black or non-Hispanic white adults;
  • depression prevalence did not differ by age; and
  • the prevalence of depression decreased as family income levels increased.

From 2007-08 to 2015-16, the percentage of American adults with depression did not change significantly. Among men, the prevalence was 5.7 percent in 2007-08 and 5.4 percent in 2015-16. Among women, the prevalence was 10.4 percent in 2007-08 and 9.3 percent in 2015-16.

More From AAFP

Stats And Facts About Depression In America

Schizoaffective Disorder

About 9 percent of American adults from all walks of life suffer from some form of depression. Learn more depression facts and figures that can help you better understand this widespread condition.

According to depression statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , about 9 percent of adult Americans have feelings of hopelessness, despondency, and/or guilt that generate a diagnosis of depression. At any given time, about 3 percent of adults have major depression, also known as major depressive disorder, a long-lasting and severe form of depression. In fact, major depression is the leading cause of disability for Americans between the ages of 15 and 44, according to the CDC. Understanding these very real depression statistics helps paint a fuller picture of the impact of depression in America.

Prevalence of Depression in Men vs. Women

The Rising Rate of Depression

Statistical trends related to depression are hard to come by, but most experts agree that depression rates in the United States and worldwide are increasing. Studies show that rates of depression for Americans have risen dramatically in the past 50 years. Research published in The American Journal of Psychiatry found that major depression rates for American adults increased from 3.33 percent to 7.06 percent from 1991 through 2002. Depression is also considered a worldwide epidemic, with 5 percent of the global population suffering from the condition, according to the World Health Organization.

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Are Mental Health Problems Increasing

The overall number of people reporting mental health problems has been going up in recent years.

  • The amount of people with common mental health problems went up by 20% between 1993 to 2014, in both men and women .
  • The percentage of people reporting severe mental health symptoms in any given week rose from 7% in 1993, to over 9% in 2014 .
  • The number of young women reporting common mental health problems has been going up .

Depression By Education Level & Employment Status

The statistics presented in the entry above focus on aggregate estimates of prevalence across total populations. In the chart we present data on depression prevalence across a number of OECD countries, disaggregated by education level and employment status.44 This data is based on self-reported prevalence of depression as requested by surveys. There are multiple reasons why this data may differ from IHME statistics presented above: it is based only on adults aged 25-64 years old, and focuses on self-reported depression only. The lack of differentiation in these surveys between mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorder mean that self-reported depression data may include individuals with these other disorders.

Categories in the chart have been coloured based on education level, with further categorisation based on whether groups are employed, actively seeking employment, and the total of employed, active and unemployed. Across most countries we tend to see the lowest prevalence in depression amongst those with tertiary education; and highest prevalence in those who did not reach upper secondary education.

It is also notable that the large differences in education level close or disappear when we look only at the sub-group of those employed. Overall, the prevalence of depression appears to be lower in individuals in employment relative to those actively seeking employment, or the total population which also includes the unemployed.

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Adults Experiencing Job Loss Or Income Insecurity

Throughout the pandemic, many people across the country have experienced job or income loss, which has generally affected their mental health. Adults experiencing household job loss during the pandemic have consistently reported higher rates of symptoms of anxiety and/or depressive disorder compared to adults not experiencing household job loss . Similarly, findings from the December KFF Health Tracking Poll show that households experiencing income or job loss are significantly more likely to report that worry or stress over the coronavirus outbreak has negatively impacted their mental health.

Figure 4: Share of Adults Reporting Symptoms of Anxiety and/or Depressive Disorder During the COVID-19 Pandemic, by Household Job Loss Status

In addition to increased anxiety and depression, job loss may lead to other adverse mental health outcomes, such as substance use disorder. During the previous recession, the high unemployment rate was also associated with increases in suicides. A KFF Health Tracking Poll conducted in mid-July 2020 found that, compared to households with no lost income or employment, a higher share of households experiencing income or job loss reported that pandemic-related worry or stress caused them to experience at least one adverse effect on their mental health and well-being, such as difficulty sleeping or eating, increases in alcohol consumption or substance use, and worsening chronic conditions .4

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