Talk With Someone You Trust
After a traumatic event, it’s normal to think, act, and feel differently than usual. Most people will start to feel better after a few weeks. If your symptoms last longer than a few months, are very upsetting, and disrupt your daily life, you should get help. Whether or not you have PTSD, treatment can help if thoughts and feelings from the trauma are bothering you. Take a first step by talking with:
- Your family doctor.
- A mental health professional, such as a therapist or counselor.
- Someone who works at your local VA facility or Vet Center, if you are a Veteran
- A close friend or family member who can support you while finding help
- A clergy member
Another option is for you to fill out a PTSD questionnaire or screen . You can use this to help you talk about what you are feeling with someone you trust.
What Are The Next Steps I Should Take
Firstly, see your doctor. They will rule out any physical causes for your symptoms. Then, they will probably refer you to a mental health professional, who will review your symptoms and see if you meet the official criteria for PTSD. Your professional will then help you learn how best to manage your symptoms and lessen the impact of PTSD on your life.
If you would like to take medication for your symptoms, consider asking your prescriber about sertraline and paroxetine . They are both antidepressants. Other drugs may be used, especially if you have comorbid conditions. Benzodiazepines are often used to treat agitation and sleeplessness, and other antidepressants like fluoxetine or citalopram could be prescribed.
Ptsd Symptom Scale Interview
The PSS-I is a 17-item assessment tool that asks patients to identify a singular traumatic event that they believe is causing their symptoms. Symptoms from the past two weeks are identified and assessed as they relate to the DSM-5 diagnosis criteria.
The PSS-I-5 contains 24 questions, with 20 focusing on symptoms and four focusing on symptom distress, interference, onset, and duration.
Also Check: Essays On Eating Disorders
What Can I Do If I Am Not Happy With My Treatment
If you are not happy with your treatment you can:
- talk to your doctor about your treatment options,
- ask for a second opinion,
- ask a relative, friend or advocate to help you speak your doctor,
- contact Patient Advice and Liaison Service , or
- make a complaint.
There is more information about these options below.
You should first speak to your doctor about your treatment. Explain why you are not happy with it. You could ask what other treatments you could try.
Tell your doctor if there is a type of treatment that you would like to try. Doctors should listen to your preference. If you are not given this treatment, ask your doctor to explain why it is not suitable for you.
A second opinion means that you would like a different doctor to give their opinion about what treatment you should have. You can also ask for a second opinion if you disagree with your diagnosis.
You dont have a legal right to a second opinion. But your doctor should listen to your reason for wanting a second opinion.
An advocate is independent from the mental health service. They are free to use. They can be useful if you find it difficult to get your views heard.
There are different types of advocates available. Community advocates can support you to get a health professional to listen to your concerns. And help you to get the treatment that you would like.
You can find out more about:
Which Factors Differentiate The Diagnosis Of Ptsd From The Diagnosis Of Adjustment Disorder
PTSD falls under the category of trauma- and stressor-related disorders, explains Thomas D. Harpley, PhD, a clinical psychologist in San Diego, California, while an adjustment disorder is an anxiety disorder. An adjustment disorder may involve depression, anxiety, and disturbances of emotions, he says. Typically, an adjustment disorder is not trauma-related, he says.
The symptoms of an adjustment disorder must occur within three months of a stressful life event or change, and must not be due to another mental health disorder.4 An adjustment disorder doesnt last longer than six months, Harpley says. If it lasts longer than that, by definition it is not an adjustment disorder and PTSD should be considered.
Don’t Miss: Prodromal Psychotic Symptoms
Time Doesn’t Always Help
Sometimes after a traumatic experience, people believe that their symptoms will eventually go away over time. This eventual lessening of distressing symptoms can happen for some peoplebut not for everyone.
You may experience symptoms long after the traumatic event has taken place, making it difficult to associate your symptoms with PTSD.
Even if months or years have passed, it can be helpful for you to speak with a qualified professional to gain an accurate understanding of what is happening for you and be connected with appropriate resources that can help you regain your quality of life.
What Is Complex Ptsd
In some cases, traumatic experiences can last for months, or even years. PTSD from this type of long-term trauma is sometimes called complex PTSD. Complex PTSD is recognized by the World Health Organization as a separate mental health condition.
In addition to the PTSD symptoms listed above, people with complex PTSD can also:
Have a hard time managing strong emotions
Have suicidal thoughts
Feel like are they are different from other people
Have strong feelings of helplessness, guilt, and failure
Struggle to maintain healthy relationships with others
Read Also: Diabetes Symptoms Anxiety
Recovering Compensation In Civil Court For Child Molestation
One of the most effective ways to obtain compensation for the harm suffered as a result of child molestation is to file a civil lawsuit. Technically, sexual abuse is considered a type of personal injury, though its important to find a law firm specializing in these particular types of cases. In many ways, sexual abuse is not a straightforward personal injury claim. It takes a skilled, persistent team of attorneys who understand the subtle nuances of the law to win these cases.
The harm suffered as a result of sexual violence such as molestation is oftentimes more difficult to measure as compared to other personal injury cases. For example, in a car accident, its easy to calculate the total medical bills for physical injuries sustained. Emotional damages are then added based on a percentage of the physical harm experienced. While there can be serious physical injuries associated with sexual abuse, they often pale in comparison to the lifetime of emotional and psychological damage endured by the survivors. Unlike criminal courtwhich seeks to punish wrongdoers with jail time and other sanctionscivil court focuses on compensating survivors for the harm they have suffered, are currently suffering, and are likely to suffer in the future. Also, there need not be physical signs of trauma to win compensation in a civil lawsuit as most of the damage suffered as a result of sexual abuse is typically psychological.
Who Is At Risk For Ptsd
People who have experienced or seen a physical or sexual assault, a disaster, an accident, or a terror attack are at risk for PTSD, as are soldiers who have experienced combat. In PTSD, the person continues to feel afraid or stressed even when no longer in danger. Typically, PTSD is related to an event or events involving actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violence, says Thomas D. Harpley, PhD, a clinical psychologist in San Diego, California.
The traumatic event may be directly experienced or witnessed in person as it occurred to someone else, Harpley says. Or PTSD can happen when you learn that a traumatic event occurred to a close family member or close friend. PTSD also can involve repeated or extreme exposure to aversive details of the traumatic events, like what happens with first responders or police officers.
You May Like: Blair Waldorf Bulimia
Accidents & Natural Disasters Are Ptsd Risk Factors
Accidents and natural disasters are events that can lead to struggles with symptoms of PTSD. Individuals who experience an event like a severe motor vehicle accident have an increased risk for developing PTSD, among other psychological issues.9 For example, take this story of a woman sharing her experiences with PTSD from a significant car accident. Cathy had been sitting at a traffic light when her car was hit from behind, and she vaulted forward. Cathy was worried about her daughter in the backseat of the vehicle. Although a reasonably typical wreck, Cathy experienced terrible dreams about the collision and had a hard time driving following the accident. Her story is a familiar one, with over 6.2 million traffic accidents reported each year, resulting in approximately 2.8 million injuries.10 Symptoms following a severe car accident can include re-experiencing the trauma or avoiding situations related to the accident and detachment from others. While the symptoms can vary, these accidents can create PTSD symptoms.
How Long Does Ptsd Last
PTSD symptoms usually appear soon after trauma. For most people, these symptoms go away on their own in thefirst few weeks and months after that. For some people, the symptoms can last for many years, especially ifthey do not seek help.
PTSD symptoms can worsen during times of stress or when people are reminded of what happened by traumatriggers . How long PTSD lasts also depends on whether effectivetreatment is received.
Read Also: Fear Of Bees And Wasps Phobia
What Is Six Seconds
Six Seconds was founded in 1997 as a non profit organization dedicated to supporting people to create positive change.
Want to measure EQ? If you are interested in Six Seconds suite of emotional intelligence tools & assessments, reach out! Wed be happy to help you find the perfect fit for your measurement needs.
Talk To Someone You Trust
After a traumatic event, it’s normal to think, act, and feel differently than usual. Most people will start to feel better after a few weeks. If your symptoms last longer than a few months, are very upsetting, and disrupt your daily life, you should get help. Whether or not you have PTSD, treatment can help if thoughts and feelings from the trauma are bothering you. Talk to:
- Talk to your family doctor.
- A mental health professional, such as a therapist.
- Your local VA facility or Vet Center, if you are a Veteran
- A close friend or family member who can support you while finding help
- A clergy member
- Fill out a PTSD questionnaire or screen .
Is Ptsd A Disability
PTSD can be considered a disability cases are approved by the Social Security Administration if the circumstances meet the established criteria. However, getting disability from the SSA can be a long and frustrating process, with the majority of applicants waiting almost two years for the benefits to start.14
Veterans may be eligible for disability benefits through VA Compensation if they meet requirements like:
- The traumatic event happened during service or was made worse by service
- The Veteran must not be able to function in work activities
- A doctor’s diagnosis of PTSD
Another type of aide for Veterans is service dogs. Veterans sometimes have specially trained service animals that help them perform tasks or give reminders to take medications. They can even calm a person with PTSD during an anxiety attack. Service animals are working animals and not pets. Some service members are eligible for these types of benefits through the VA.
How Can I Find Out If A Mental Health Provider Is Able To Evaluate Me For Ptsd
You can ask questions about the provider’s training and experience. Here are some questions you might ask:“What is your specialty area?”
Many providers specialize in assessing and treating people who have experienced trauma. Providers who specialize in trauma will likely have expertise in evaluating PTSD. Some providers may specialize in working with certain kinds of trauma survivors. For example, a provider may work with adult survivors of childhood traumas. You may find a provider who specializes in a different trauma area than what you need, or who does not specialize at all. A provider who has experience assessing trauma survivors like you is most likely to have the expertise to do a good job on your assessment.“How many PTSD assessments have you done?”
If possible, find a professional who has experience conducting PTSD assessments.“What formal training have you had that will allow you to evaluate me for PTSD?”
If possible, find a professional who has completed training focused on PTSD assessment. Such providers are preferred over those trained only in general assessment.“What formal training have you had that will allow you to evaluate me for PTSD?”
If possible, find a professional who has completed training focused on PTSD assessment. Such providers are preferred over those trained only in general assessment.“Can you tell me a little about how you assess PTSD?”
Recommended Reading: Bpd And Bipolar Comorbid
I Have Ptsd How Can The Ptsd Coach Canada Application Helpme
If youve been diagnosed with PTSD, the tools in the PTSD Coach Canada Application mayhelp you manage your symptoms. However, it is not meant to be a replacement for professional care. If youare currently in treatment for PTSD, you should talk with your provider about using PTSD Coach Canada as part of yourwork together.
Remember: effective treatment for PTSD is available! You dont have to live with your symptoms forever.
Who Is Most Likely To Get Ptsd
You can get PTSD from any type of personal experience. This could mean:
Being directly involved in a traumatic experience
Hearing about something that happened to a friend, family member, or stranger
Seeing something upsetting on the news, internet, or social media
Being repeatedly exposed to trauma while at work
Experiencing trauma in your community
Examples of common traumatic experiences include:
After experiencing trauma, certain groups of people are more likely to get PTSD. You have a higher risk for PTSD if you are:
You might also be more likely to get PTSD if you have an experience where you feel especially helpless, or are afraid that you might die. You may also be more at risk for PTSD if you dont have good social support after a traumatic event.
You May Like: Pristique For Depression
Causes Symptoms And Risks
PTSD is caused by experiencing or witnessing single, repeated or multiple events. For example:
- serious accidents
- physical and sexual assault abuse. This could include childhood or domestic abuse
- work-related exposure to trauma. Such as being in the army
- trauma related to serious health problems or childbirth
- war and conflict torture
Not everyone who experiences trauma will develop PTSD.
The risk of getting PTSD depends on how the experience affects you. PTSD is more likely to develop if the traumatic event:
- is unexpected,
- Self help
How can the NHS help me?
You can speak to your GP about your concerns. They will be able to talk to you about treatment options and coping strategies. You dont have to do what your GP thinks that you should do. But you should listen to them.
Make sure that you understand the pros and cons of your treatment options before you make a decision.
Your treatment with be managed by your GP or the community mental health team . In some cases, your treatment maybe shared between both primary and secondary care. Healthcare professionals will agree who will monitor you.
Some people will get care under the Care Programme Approach . This means that you will have a care plan and care coordinator to make sure that you get the support that you need.
Look at the following section for more information on NHS treatment.
Adult social services
What other help is available?
There may be a different service available, such as employment or isolation support.
Criterion B: Intrusion Symptoms
The traumatic event is persistently re-experienced in one or more of the following ways:
- Recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive memories. Children older than six may express this symptom through repetitive play in which aspects of the trauma are expressed.
- Traumatic nightmares or upsetting dreams with content related to the event. Children may have frightening dreams without content related to the trauma.
- Dissociative reactions, such as flashbacks, in which it feels like the experience is happening again. These may occur on a continuum ranging from brief episodes to complete loss of awareness. Children may re-enact the events in play.
- Intense or prolonged distress after exposure to traumatic reminders.
You May Like: Feretrophobia Definition
Emotional Support And Service Animals
Animals have a unique way of bringing unconditional love and comfort. Just being in their presence can ease anxiety and stress.
For someone struggling with PTSD symptoms, they may be able to get a trained service dog to help support them. Service dogs are trained to recognize when symptoms are acting up and can gently try to redirect their owner.
Pets, in general, have a calming presence that can be extremely comforting for someone dealing with PTSD.
One thing to be aware of is that there are service animals and emotional support animals. Service animals require special training. Emotional support animals, on the other hand, are not necessarily trained or certified in any way.
In fact, if you already have a pet, you already have an emotional support animal!
If youre considering getting one, a letter from your doctor or therapist helps. You wont have to pay additional fees or be subject to breed restrictions if you rent your home.