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Are There Different Types Of Schizophrenia

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The Different Types Of Schizophrenia


Mental health disorders are complicated and can be hard to diagnose. Often, people have overlapping symptoms or more than one disorder at the same time. Because of these variations, mental health disorders are often classified by broad term first and then broken down into more specific disorders. One such example is with schizophrenia.

What Are The Types Of Schizophrenia

There are different types of schizophrenia. The International Classification of Diseases manual describes them as below.

Paranoid schizophrenia

  • Pranks, giggling and health complaints.
  • Usually diagnosed in adolescents or young adults.

Catatonic schizophrenia

  • Unusual movements, often switching between being very active and very still.
  • You may not talk at all.

Simple schizophrenia

  • Negative symptoms are prominent early and get worse quickly.
  • Positive symptoms are rare.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia

Your diagnosis may have some signs of paranoid, hebephrenic or catatonic schizophrenia, but doesnt obviously fit into one of these types alone.

Residual schizophrenia

This type of schizophrenia is diagnosed in the later stages of schizophrenia. You may be diagnosed with this if you have a history of schizophrenia but only continue to experience negative symptoms.

Other schizophrenia

There are other types of schizophrenia according to the ICD-10, such as.

  • Cenesthopathic schizophrenia. This is where people experience unusual bodily sensations.
  • Schizophreniform. Schizophreniform disorder is a type of psychotic illness with symptoms similar to those of schizophrenia. But symptoms last for a short period.

Unspecified schizophrenia

Symptoms meet the general conditions for a diagnosis, but do not fit in to any of the above categories.

Diagnostic Criteria For Each Type Of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia types are diagnosed based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . The DSM-IV-TR criteria for each form of schizophrenia is as follows:4

  • Paranoid type schizophrenia
  • Contains: preoccupation with delusions and frequent auditory hallucinations
  • Is not prominent: disorganized speech disorganized or catatonic behavior flat or inappropriate affect
  • Disorganized type schizophrenia
  • Contains: disorganized speech and behavior and flat or inappropriate affect
  • Is not prominent: delusions and hallucinations
  • Catatonic type schizophrenia
  • Contains two of the following: muscle immobility or stupor excessive, pointless muscle activity extreme negativism inappropriate or bizarre postures repetition of movement or speech
  • Undifferentiated type schizophrenia
  • Contains the diagnosis of schizophrenia but does not specifically meet one of the above three subtype criteria
  • Residual type schizophrenia
  • Contains: evidence of schizophrenia
  • Is not prominent: delusions hallucinations disorganized speech grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
  • If a person exhibits the symptoms for more than one type of schizophrenia, the most prominent symptoms dictate the type.

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    What The Previous Types Meant

    Mental health docs no longer divide people with schizophrenia into five subtypes. While developing the latest version of the go-to psychology treatment reference manual , experts decided not to divide schizophrenia into different types.

    But you may still see people use the old subtypes of schizophrenia. People like to put labels on things, and mental health is no exception. They do,

    The symptoms of each subtype still contribute to schizophrenia diagnoses as a whole.

    What If I Am Not Happy With My Treatment

    5 Different Types Of Schizophrenia One Must Know About

    If you are not happy with your treatment you can:

    • talk to your doctor about your treatment options,
    • ask for a second opinion,
    • get an advocate to help you speak to your doctor,
    • contact Patient Advice and Liaison Service and see whether they can help, or
    • make a complaint.

    There is more information about these options below.

    Treatment options

    You should first speak to your doctor about your treatment. Explain why you are not happy with it. You could ask what other treatments you could try.

    Tell your doctor if there is a type of treatment that you would like to try. Doctors should listen to your preference. If you are not given this treatment, ask your doctor to explain why it is not suitable for you.

    Second opinion

    A second opinion means that you would like a different doctor to give their opinion about what treatment you should have. You can also ask for a second opinion if you disagree with your diagnosis.

    You dont have a right to a second opinion. But your doctor should listen to your reason for wanting a second opinion.


    An advocate is independent from the mental health service. They are free to use. They can be useful if you find it difficult to get your views heard.

    There are different types of advocates available. Community advocates can support you to get a health professional to listen to your concerns. And help you to get the treatment that you would like.

    The Patient Advice and Liaison Service


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    Five Different Types Of Schizophrenia


    Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder, characterized by hallucinations, delusional thinking, a distorted perception of reality, poor cognitive skills, and disorganized speech or behavior. Affecting roughly 1% of the population in the United States, schizophrenia is characterized by hallucinations, delusional thinking, a distorted perception of reality, poor cognitive skills, and disorganized speech or behavior.

    The causes of schizophrenia are similar to those of other psychiatric disorders genetics and family history, environmental factors, and changes in brain chemistry. Common misconceptions and stigmas about people with schizophrenia are that they tend to become violent and have split personalities.

    The National Alliance on Mental Illness states that schizoaffective disorder affects about 0.3% of the population. Men and women experience schizoaffective disorder at a similar rate but men develop the illness at a younger age. The National Institutes of Health estimates approximately 1.1% of American adults will be diagnosed with schizophrenia at some point in their life. Schizophrenia can occur at all ages but tends to occur in the late teens to the early 20s for men, and the late 20s to early 30s for women. Experiencing schizophrenia at ages younger than 12 or older than 40 is very uncommon.

    There are five different types of schizophrenia all of which are determined by the symptoms shown by the patient.

    Paranoid Schizophrenia

    There Are Four Types Of Schizophrenia And They All Affect The Sufferer In A Different Way Knowing These Differences Will Help You Understand This Mental Disorder Better

    Going through life with the burden of mental illness on your shoulder is hard enough when you suffer from something thats easy to pinpoint. But when were talking about schizophrenia, things get complicated. Still, understanding the disorder and different types of schizophrenia is an important step towards active healing.

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    Differences Between Men And Women

    No longer talking about the types of schizophrenia, but in relation to the differences in the presentation of the disorder between men and women, we find the following: in men, the age of onset is earlier than in women In relation to premorbid adjustment, it is worse in men than in women.

    Finally, a third difference between both sexes is that in men the negative symptoms stand out, and in women, the positive and affective ones.

    Bibliographical references:

    An Overview Of Schizophrenia

    The 4 main types of Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a disorder characterised by severe disturbances in thinking, emotion and behaviour that are disruptive to a persons life. Schizophrenia is characterised by changes in mental function where thoughts and perceptions become disordered, and there is a loss of contact with reality.

    The term schizophrenia is Greek in origin meaning split mind. However schizophrenia does not refer to a split personality disorder and people with schizophrenia do not have separate personalities. Schizophrenia is more accurately defined as a schism between thought, emotion and behaviour.

    About one person in 100 develops schizophrenia. Men and women are affected equally however men tend to have their first episode in their late teens or early 20s whereas the onset for women is usually slightly later. In most cases, the illness starts so gradually that symptoms are barely noticeable, although in some instances the onset can be rapid.

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    Early Warning Signs Of Schizophrenia

    In some people, schizophrenia appears suddenly and without warning. But for most, it comes on slowly, with subtle warning signs and a gradual decline in functioning, long before the first severe episode. Often, friends or family members will know early on that something is wrong, without knowing exactly what.

    In this early phase of schizophrenia, you may seem eccentric, unmotivated, emotionless, and reclusive to others. You may start to isolate yourself, begin neglecting your appearance, say peculiar things, and show a general indifference to life. You may abandon hobbies and activities, and your performance at work or school can deteriorate.

    What Are The Different Types Of Schizophrenia

    Steven Gans, MD, is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.

    Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition that interferes with a person’s perception of reality. People with schizophrenia have difficulty with emotions, thinking rationally and clearly, and in interactions and relationships with others.

    Verywell / Cindy Chung

    Until the most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders was published in 2013, schizophrenia was officially recognized as having five distinct subtypes.

    Because the symptoms of these subtypes were not felt to be reliable or consistently valid, the American Psychiatric Association determined that having distinct subtypes hindered diagnosis and removed them when they published the DSM-5.

    Although they are no longer used for diagnostic categorization, some mental health professionals still find these subtypes useful for understanding the ways in which schizophrenia can present. This nuanced understanding can help determine the best ways to approach treatment plans.

    As we look at the different subtypes of schizophrenia, it is important to keep in mind that the symptoms of these subtypes overlap with other disorders, and that to be diagnosed with schizophrenia, a person must meet the criteria outlined in the DSM-5.

    Read Also: What Are The Three Stages Of Schizophrenia

    Family Education And Support

    Educational programs for family members, significant others, and friends offer instruction about schizophrenia symptoms and treatments, and strategies for assisting the person with the illness. Increasing key supporters understanding of psychotic symptoms, treatment options, and the course of recovery can lessen their distress, bolster coping and empowerment, and strengthen their capacity to offer effective assistance. Family-based services may be provided on an individual basis or through multi-family workshops and support groups. For more information about family-based services in your area, you can visit the family education and support groups page on the National Alliance on Mental Illness website.

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    How Do Doctors Diagnose The Type Of Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia Types

    If the patient is admitted, the psychiatrist talks to them and evaluates their behavior, considers whether any symptoms were triggered by alcohol or drugs, reviews any records from prior admissions, and talks to the family.

    Initially, we may only see that the patient is losing track of reality, says Dr. Bowers. We may need more time to see all the symptoms of schizophrenia. These symptoms include:

    • Fixed, false beliefs.
    • Seeing visions or shadows.
    • Suspicion and distrust.

    Government regulations require psychiatrists to diagnose a specific type of schizophrenia so that insurance companies get the green light to pay for care.

    We hope to see enough symptoms during a three-, five- or 10-day hospital stay to clarify the type of schizophrenia, she says. But we may not see all of them, so the initial diagnosis may not be exactly right.

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    What Happens At The Hospital

    About one-third of people with schizophrenia dont believe anything is wrong with them. Many more dont seek help on their own, for cultural reasons or because they lack resources.

    So problems often come to light only when their erratic behavior or other troubles trigger a crisis. Patients are often brought to the hospital by family, teachers or the police, says Dr. Bowers.

    To decide whether to admit someone, psychiatrists consider whether patients pose a risk to themselves or others whether they can take care of themselves and whether they could benefit from hospital treatment.

    Disorganized Schizophrenia Or Hebephrenia

    On number 4th in the different types of schizophrenia is the one proving that Disorganized thinking and behavior are features of schizophrenia. The person may have incoherent and illogical thoughts and speech.

    This can make it difficult to perform daily activities, like preparing meals and taking care of private hygiene, or washing. People might not be ready to understand what the patient is saying. this will cause frustration and agitation.

    While disorganization may be a feature of schizophrenia, its not considered a separate subtype.

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    Psychotic Disorder Due To Another Medical Condition

    The key symptoms here are hallucinations or delusions that docs cant connect to another disorder or condition . An underlying condition like epilepsy might be behind these symptoms.

    People with schizophrenia might have other mental and physical health challenges.

    A study in 2013 involving 1,446 adults with schizophrenia found that more than half of the participants also had one of the following:

    Psychiatric disorders like obsessive compulsive disorder may be present at the same time as schizophrenia .

    Some research also suggests that schizophrenia may be linked to a higher risk of cardiometabolic conditions, such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

    What Are The 4 Main Types Of Schizophrenia

    The Different Types of Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia looks different from one person to the next. But there are four main categories into which patients fall:

  • Paranoid schizophrenia: The persons paranoia may be extreme, and they may act on it. They may show up at the door of the FBI and ask, Why are you following me? says Dr. Bowers. They may also behave oddly, have inappropriate emotional responses and show little pleasure in life.
  • Catatonic schizophrenia: The person shuts down emotionally, mentally and physically. People appear to be paralyzed. They have no facial expression and may stand still for long periods of time, she says. There is no drive to eat, drink or urinate. When catatonia lasts for hours, it becomes a medical emergency.
  • Undifferentiated schizophrenia: The person has various vague symptoms. They may not talk or express themselves much. They can be confused and paranoid, says Dr. Bowers. The person may not bother to change clothes or take a shower.
  • Schizoaffective disorder: The person has delusional thinking and other symptoms of schizophrenia. But they also present with one or more symptoms of a mood disorder: depression, mania and/or hypomania, says Dr. Bowers.
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    Here Are Some Things You Can Do To Help Your Loved One:

    • Help them get treatment and encourage them to stay in treatment
    • Remember that their beliefs or hallucinations seem very real to them
    • Tell them that you acknowledge that everyone has the right to see things their way
    • Be respectful, supportive, and kind without tolerating dangerous or inappropriate behavior
    • Check to see if there are any support groups in your area

    Some symptoms require immediate emergency care. If your loved one is thinking about harming themselves or others or attempting suicide, seek help right away:

    The 6 Types Of Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a serious psychotic disorder that affects 0.3-0.7% of the population..

    It is characterized by the presence of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized behavior, and cognitive symptoms. However, there is no single disorder there are different types of schizophrenia.

    In this article we will know the 6 types of schizophrenia that we can find in the DSM-IV-TR and in the ICD-10.based on their differentiated symptomatology. On the other hand, we will also talk about 2 other types of schizophrenia, according to the classification made by Timothy Crow in 1980: type I schizophrenia and type II schizophrenia.

  • Bibliographical references:
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    Schizophrenia Is Very Treatable

    Despite its infamy for being a dangerous mental illness, schizophrenia can be a very treatable condition. The overall success rate for schizophrenia treatment is actually higher than that of heart disease, around 60% compared to 41%-52%.

    However, the stigma surrounding schizophrenia can make it extremely difficult for many to get proper treatment. In fact, the World Health Organization reports that nearly 70% of people with schizophrenia are not receiving proper care. They also state that nearly 90% of those not receiving care fall into the lowest income communities.

    Understanding the real schizophrenia facts can help break the stigmas surrounding this mental disorder, and get more people to understand how treatable it really is.

    What Are Schizophrenia Disorders

    Pin on Mental illness

    Schizophrenia disorders are mental health disorders that interfere with a persons perception of reality. They are often characterized by delusions and hallucinations. These disorders are usually severe and require mental health care in order for the person to manage their symptoms and lead a more normal life.

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    How Is Schizophrenia Diagnosed

    A diagnosis for schizophrenia is often first made in the active stage. This is when symptoms become most obvious. Other people may recognize the disordered thoughts and behavior patterns for the first time.

    At that point, a doctor may work with friends and family members to understand when early symptoms began. Symptoms of the first phase are often not recognized until a person is in the active phase.

    Once a diagnosis is made, a doctor will also be able to determine when the active phase is over based on symptoms and behaviors.

    Where to Find Help

    Advocacy organizations can help you find immediate help. They can also connect you with local resources that can help you find sustained, long-term treatment. These mental health resources include:

    Most people with schizophrenia arent diagnosed until the second phase, once symptoms worsen and become more obvious.

    At this point, treatment options include:

    Where to Seek Emergency Care

    If you or a loved one is experiencing suicidal thoughts or dangerous behaviors, seek emergency care:

    • Dial 911 or your local emergency number
    • Visit a hospital or emergency department

    Schizophrenia: Definition And Characteristics

    Schizophrenia is a type of serious mental disorder, specifically a psychotic disorder.. The overall vital prevalence of schizophrenia is 0.3-0.7% in the population however, in first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients, it rises to 10%. This is why there is talk of an important genetic factor in its aetiology.

    This disorder occurs more frequently in urban than in rural settings. On the other hand, migrants are known to have a higher risk of developing the disorder.

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