Tuesday, January 31, 2023

How You Know If You Re Having A Panic Attack

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Should You See Your Doctor About Panic Attacks

How do you know if you’re having a panic attack?

A panic attack can make you feel like youre about to collapse or even die, but it’s usually harmless. However, in some cases, you may need medical advice to rule out an underlying physical cause.

Get medical advice if:

  • your panic attack continues after doing 20 minutes of slow breathing
  • you still feel unwell after your breathing returns to normal
  • you still have a rapid or irregular heartbeat or chest pains after your panic attack
  • you regularly have panic attacks, as this could be a sign that you have panic disorder

Public Events Or Performances

Public speaking, talking in front of your boss, performing in a competition, or even just reading aloud is a common trigger of anxiety. If your job or hobbies require this, your doctor or therapist can work with you to learn ways to be more comfortable in these settings.

Also, positive reinforcements from friends and colleagues can help you feel more comfortable and confident.

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A Note About Sex And Gender

Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms, male, female, or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. .

A doctor or mental health professional can diagnose a panic attack, panic disorder, or anxiety disorder.

They base their diagnoses on definitions in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition .

These professionals cannot diagnose an anxiety attack because it is not a clinically defined condition in the DSM-5. They can, however, recognize the symptoms of anxiety and diagnose an anxiety disorder.

A doctor will discuss symptoms and life events to diagnose any of these conditions. They may also perform a psychological evaluation to determine which category the symptoms fall into.

It may be necessary to rule out physiological conditions that share similar symptoms.

To do this, a doctor may perform:

  • a physical examination

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How Are Panic Attacks Diagnosed

Serious health problems, such as heart disease, thyroid disease and respiratory problems, cause symptoms similar to panic attacks. Your healthcare provider may run tests to rule out a physical problem. If theres no physical cause, your provider may make a diagnosis based on your symptoms and risk factors.

What You Need To Know About Panic Disorders

How to Help Someone Who is Having a Panic Attack « Mental Health First Aid

Unlike anxiety, which often has clear triggers, panic attacks occur suddenly and unexpectedly and typically only last for a few minutes.

Those who experience panic attacks have reported lightheadedness, chest pain, hot flashes, chills, and stomach discomfort. Some say they feel like they were being choked or suffocated. Others say an attack made them feel detached from reality.

Occasional panic attacks can happen to anyone, although for some individuals, they occur more frequently and cause significant distress and impairment.

Evidence-based treatments for panic disorder are similar to those for anxiety and involve exposure-based treatment. Mindfulness and meditation can also be useful to curb stress and promote increased psychological flexibility.

Sometimes medications are used to augment behavioral treatments for panic disorder and include beta-blockers, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors.

If you have had continued panic attacks, you may need to seek professional help. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, other mental health and medical conditions, and whether you are experiencing abnormal stress or anxiety. Blood tests and a heart examination may also be required.

Both panic and anxiety are treatable and manageableeven when they may feel as if they are out of your control.

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Panic Attacks I Turned My Mental Health Crisis Into A Mental Health Triumph

âAlthough itâs taken me a long time I have learned I am a strong person who has the potential to help others.â

You might find that you become scared of going out alone or to public places because youâre worried about having another panic attack. If this fear becomes very intense, it may be called agoraphobia. See our pages on types of phobia for more information.

âI felt like I couldnât breathe, I just wanted to get out, to go somewhere else, but I couldnât because I was on a train.â

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Panic Attacks And Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is characterized by repeated, unexpected panic attacks, as well as fear of experiencing another episode. Agoraphobia, the fear of being somewhere where escape or help would be difficult in the event of a panic attack, may also accompany a panic disorder. If you have agoraphobia, you are likely to avoid public places such as shopping malls, or confined spaces such as an airplane.

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Have Anxiety Or Panic Youre Far From Alone

The Anxiety and Depression Association of America reports that some 40 million U.S. adults experience significant anxiety each year, with more than 28.8% of adults experiencing clinically meaningful anxiety symptoms.

Thats nearly one in three people.

Anxiety is Americas most common mental illness and can be treated effectively. However, only around one third of those with the condition seek professional help.

Anxiety disorders are hereditary, which means that if you have a relative with anxiety, you are more likely to experience it yourself.

Panic disorder, which is a type of anxiety disorder, affects about 4.7% of U.S. adults at some point in their lives, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

Could I Have Panic Disorder

Signs of a Panic Attack
Recognizing a panic attack

Panic disorder involves repeated panic attacks, so its important to know what a panic attack feels like. Here is a list of signs that youre having a panic attack:

  • I feel like something terrible is going to happen

  • Im having trouble catching my breath

  • My heart is pounding

  • Im breaking out into a sweat

  • I feel lightheaded or dizzy

  • I have goose bumps or chills

  • I feel tingling in my hands and feet

  • I feel disconnected from reality

  • I feel nauseous

If the first symptom plus several of the others come on suddenly, you may be experiencing a panic attack. Panic attacks usually peak within a few seconds or a few minutes, although it can take some time for all the symptoms to settle. Panic attacks can happen at any time and while they are sometimes triggered by a stressful life event, they can often appear to be triggered by nothing at all.

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What You Can Do

To get through a panic attack, try to take control of your breathing first. Find a place where you can sit or be comfortable. Concentrate on making your breath slow and even. Try to inhale through your nose for 4 seconds, hold it for 2 seconds, then exhale through your mouth for 6 seconds. Tell yourself that youâre not in danger and that the attack will pass.

If youâre not sure if youâre having a panic attack, itâs a good idea to go to the hospital to rule out any other health problems.

Panic disorder is one of the most treatable types of anxiety disorders. Medication and a type of talk therapy called cognitive behavioral therapy can help. See your doctor if you have panic attacks often.

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Anxiety can be helpful when it causes us to pay attention to dangerous situations. It evolved originally to keep us safe. Anxiety might manifest as racing thoughts, a rapid pulse or even an upset stomach. Typically, however, it doesnt prevent you from consistently and successfully carrying on with your everyday activities.

Diagnosis

People who worry occasionally about regular situations or specific events have run-of-the-mill anxiety, which almost everyone experiences. If you live with a general, persistent feeling of dread, however, you might have an anxiety disorder, and there are several types. People with generalized anxiety disorder, for example, may feel constantly on edge, irritable and unable to sleep.

Treatment

For basic, occasional anxiety tied to life events or situations, techniques like deep breathing, acupuncture, meditation and yoga are a good place to start for relief.

For people with more severe anxiety or an anxiety disorder, doctors often recommend psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, which can train you to respond differently to stressful situations.

Another option for treating an anxiety disorder is medication. SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, like Zoloft or Prozac, can help people feel less anxious.

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Learn To Recognize The Emotional Symptoms

Along with physical symptoms, there are emotional or psychological symptoms that are brought on by panic attacks. These include:

  • Feelings of fear, dread, or doom
  • Loss of control
  • A feeling of going crazy
  • A loss of connection from reality or a feeling of detachment

These symptoms can range in intensity and can occur before, after, or along with physical symptoms.

Panic attacks can be so distressing that they can cause the person to feel as though they are dying, and the experience of having a panic attack can bring about additional fear or anxiety of future panic attacks.

When panic attacks continue to occur over time, it could be a sign of a panic disorder.

When To Get Help

Panic Attacks: Identifying the Signs

See a GP if you’ve been experiencing symptoms of panic disorder.

They’ll ask you to describe your symptoms, how often you get them, and how long you have had them.

They may also carry out a physical examination to rule out other conditions that could be causing your symptoms.

It can sometimes be difficult to talk about your feelings, emotions and personal life, but try not to feel anxious or embarrassed.

You may be diagnosed with panic disorder if you have regular and unexpected panic attacks followed by at least a month of continuous worry or concern about having further attacks.

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A Panic Attack Comes On Quickly

One minute you’re fine and the next you’re in full-blown panic mode. What’s going on? It’s your body’s fight-or-flight response kicking in, according to the American Psychological Association. Hormones are released, your breathing accelerates, and your blood sugar spikes, Hunter told Health.

Some people are even bolted awake at night from so-called nocturnal panic attacks, according to a 2013 study in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

What Does It Feel Like When You’re Having A Panic Attack

Well, it can literally feel like you’re about to die. You can have chest pain, shortness of breath, numbness, tingling, and or sweating. That’s why many people who are having panic attacks end up going to the emergency room. Most panic attacks peak over a matter of minutes and they’ll last for less than 30 minutes, but that time or the total duration of the attack can vary. So, panic attacks can actually last from a matter of seconds to hours.

Have You Ever Had A Panic Attack? If So, Please Comment Down Below And Please Share Your Symptoms Of A Panic Attack.

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Difference Between Panic Attacks And Anxiety Attacks

Knowing the difference between panic and anxiety attacks can help you understand the symptoms before and during the episode.

Panic attack

A panic attack causes you to feel intense, sudden fear that can be overwhelming and immobilizing. They can happen for no reason, or a triggering event can cause one. During a panic attack, you may feel terrified or threatened.

Some people experience panic attacks as a part of panic disorder, and others only have them once or occasionally. Panic attacks usually only last a few minutes.

Anxiety attack

An anxiety attack occurs when stress, anxiety, and worry become overwhelming. They are brought on by persistent worry either over big events, like illness and death, or small, everyday things. The attack is the result of building anxiety over time that reaches a breaking point.

An anxiety attack is not so much an attack but just when anxiety comes to a head. They are episodes of intense worry, fear, and dread that trigger physical symptoms. They feel more predictable since they are the result of you worrying about something.

Be Aware Of What Your Body Is Telling You Before An Anxiety Attack

How to Stop Panic Attacks Part 3/3

As you can see, there are quite a few possible signs of an anxiety attack. They arent all universal, but most sufferers will experience one or all of these. Although it wont stop an attack, being aware of an anxiety attack will help you to keep it at bay, or reduce the severity.

But if you havent been diagnosed, but are a frequent sufferer of these symptoms, it is worth seeking an official diagnosis so you can get treatment.

If you found this article useful, be sure to check out our other blog posts on our website.

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What Are Panic Attacks And Anxiety Attacks

Both panic attacks and anxiety attacks cause you to feel intense, overwhelming emotions. While these terms are sometimes used interchangeably, theyre not exactly the same thing. Both panic and anxiety attacks activate your nervous system to send you into fight-or-flight mode, causing physical and emotional symptoms. Their differences lie in what causes the attack.

You Avoid Situations That Trigger Similar Symptoms

“A person who is very, very fearful about having the next panic attack might do a lot of things to prevent those panic attacks,” Brown explained. They begin to avoid activities like exercise, which raises their heart rate and quickens their breathing. They focus on those feelings, which makes them more anxious, ultimately leading them “down the rabbit hole of having more and more .”

But not everyone who has panic attacks goes on to develop panic disorder, she added. In order to be diagnosed with panic disorder, you must have one or more panic attacks followed by at least one month of fear related to having another panic attack or acting in ways to avoid panic attacks.¹

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Anxiety Vs Panic Attacks

The key to managing a panic attack is being sure that what you’re experiencing is a panic attack. Some people confuse panic attacks with anxiety.

Anxiety and panic attacks are both very common. They are both often underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed as medical conditions.

Anxiety is characterized by ongoing worry or fear about the future. With generalized anxiety disorder , for example, anxiety symptoms are present for normal everyday experiences and can create mild-to-severe interruptions in a person’s life. With anxiety, symptoms may be present on some level all the time or during specific periods of known stressors, such as during a public presentation.

Panic attacks tend to come on suddenly and can happen from either a calm state or a state of feeling anxious. They often occur without warning or a known trigger and bring a sense of doom, intense fear, and a feeling of dying.

Similarly, both anxiety and panic attacks have physical and psychological symptoms. With panic attacks, however, the symptoms tend to come on quickly and are often only present for up to 10 minutes. With anxiety, symptoms can be present for a much longer period of time.

How To Stop A Panic Attack

What To Do When You

You can help stop a panic attack by breaking it down into phases and symptoms. This makes it easier to recognize when a panic attack is coming on so you can interrupt it before it becomes too overwhelming.

The first step in managing a panic attack is being able to recognize when it’s happening. Besides sudden, overwhelming feelings of anxiety, fear, or dread, you may also have symptoms like a racing heart, nausea, or chest pain.

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Learn 9 Ways To Lessen Or Stop The Symptoms

A panic attack can be stopped or controlled with mind-body techniques such as relaxation, distraction, and mindfulness.

Many people will experience at least one panic attack in their lifetime. Learning to recognize panic attacks is an important first step toward managing them, which can often be done without the need for medication.

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You Think You Might Faint

Lots of people report feeling dizzy or lightheaded when they’re in the throes of a panic attack. They’re often afraid they’re going to faint. When these feelings surface, a person typically will sit with their head between their legs.

“What happens is they never have the opportunity to learn if they just ride out that feeling, it will eventually subside,” Brown explained. “It’s extremely uncommon for a person to actually faint in the context of a panic attack,” she said.

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What Is An Anxiety Attack

Anxiety attacks, also known as panic attacks, are episodes of intense panic or fear. They usually occur suddenly and without warning. Sometimes theres an obvious triggergetting stuck in an elevator, for example, or thinking about the big speech you have to givebut in other cases, the attacks come out of the blue.

Anxiety attacks usually peak within 10 minutes, and they rarely last more than 30 minutes. But during that short time, you may experience terror so severe that you feel as if youre about to die or totally lose control. The physical symptoms are themselves so frightening that many people think theyre having a heart attack. After an anxiety attack is over, you may worry about having another one, particularly in a public place where help isnt available or you cant easily escape.

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