Ptsd And Substance Abuse
PTSD and substance abuse often co-occur. One study estimates that46.4 percent of people with PTSD also meet the criteria for a substance use disorder. PTSD and alcohol use disorders may be even more closely related due to the legality of alcohol, which makes it more easily accessible than other substances. A study found that women with PTSD were2.48 times more likely to misuse alcohol, while men with PTSD were2.06 times more likely.
Ptsd Symptoms: What Affected Veterans Experiences
Individuals with PTSD experience a diverse array of symptoms, and veterans with a diagnosis of PTSD may face several kinds of challenging thoughts and feelings. However, PTSD is generally characterized by a few distinct categories of symptoms, which mental health professionals use to assess and treat the disorder.These symptom categories, as described in the American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , capture the kinds of mental health problems that veterans with PTSD experience to differing degrees. These DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for PTSD are widely accepted in psychiatry and related mental health fields. To understand the daily struggles that PTSD can entail or to assess whether you might be experiencing this condition yourself consider the following:
Unwanted And Intrusive Memories
When memories seem to turn against us, they can be traumatic in their own right, especially when they are memories were trying to forget. These unwanted and intrusive memories may look like the following symptoms:
- Reliving traumatic events over and over or having flashbacks of the event
- Recurring memories of the event while waking or sleeping
- Upsetting nightmares
- Physical and/or emotional distress triggered by sights, sounds, and even smells that remind you of the traumatic event
Recommended Reading: Fainting And Anxiety
Coping Methods For Managing Ptsd Symptoms
Beyond formal mental health care approaches, several self-help methods may prove valuable in managing PTSD symptoms. These practices are widely recommended by mental health experts as solutions that veterans can utilize in their spare time or when exposed to particular stressors. These techniques may be suggested as a complement to ongoing mental health treatment.
- Physical activity: Exercise can help relieve stress and elevate ones mood.
- Aromatherapy: Certain smells, such as orange essential oil, may mitigate negative emotions associated with PTSD.
- Mindfulness practices: From formal meditation to simply noticing ones senses, practicing being present can reduce trauma reactivity.
- Deep breathing:This seemingly simple technique can be surprisingly effective, and is available anytime, anywhere.
Interesting Articles And Videos
Vet CentersThis program provides readjustment counseling, outreach, and referral services to veterans and their families in a relaxed, community-based setting. Vet Centers also provide counseling for military sexual trauma and bereavement counseling to parents, siblings, and spouses of service members who die in service. Many staff members are combat veterans themselves. Almost all combat veterans are eligible for Vet Center services.
RAINN The nations largest anti-sexual violence organization, RAINN started and currently runs the National Sexual Assault Hotline in partnership with over 1,100 local rape crisis centers across the country and operates the DoD Safe Helpline for the Department of Defense. RAINN also carries out programs to prevent sexual violence, help victims, and ensure that rapists are brought to justice.
International Society for Traumatic Stress StudiesDedicated to sharing information about the effects of trauma and the discovery and dissemination of knowledge about policy, program, and service initiatives that seek to reduce traumatic stressors and their immediate and long-term consequences. Providing access to education and research, meetings and events, as well as tools for treating trauma and public resources.
NCTSN brings a singular and comprehensive focus to childhood trauma. A collaboration of frontline providers, researchers, and families committed to raising the standard of care while increasing access to services.
You May Like: Pristiq Depression
Recovery At The Raleigh House
The Raleigh House is a residential treatment center located in Denver that believes in a whole-person approach to recovery. Our team of experts works together to tackle both the physical and mental aspects of addiction, including any co-occurring conditions you might have like PTSD or depression. Fill out our form or contact us today to learn more about our drug and alcohol addiction treatment program.
The Number Of Veterans With Ptsd Varies By Service Era
- Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom About 11-20 out of every 100 Veterans who served in OIF or OEF have PTSD in a given year.
- Gulf War About 12 out of every 100 Gulf War Veterans have PTSD in a given year.
- Vietnam WarAbout 15 out of every 100 Vietnam Veterans were currently diagnosed with PTSD at the time of the most recent study in the late 1980s, the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study . It is estimated that about 30 out of every 100 of Vietnam Veterans have had PTSD in their lifetime.
Other factors in a combat situation can add more stress to an already stressful situation. This may contribute to PTSD and other mental health problems. These factors include what you do in the war, the politics around the war, where the war is fought, and the type of enemy you face.
Another cause of PTSD in the military can be military sexual trauma . This is any sexual harassment or sexual assault that occurs while you are in the military. MST can happen to both men and women and can occur during peacetime, training, or war. Among Veterans who use VA health care, about:
- 23 out of 100 women reported sexual assault when in the military.
- 55 out of 100 women and 38 out of 100 men have experienced sexual harassment when in the military.
There are many more male Veterans than there are female Veterans. So, even though military sexual trauma is more common in women Veterans, over half of all Veterans with military sexual trauma are men.
Also Check: Blair Waldorf Bulimia
Ptsd: Treatment Facts And Statistics
- The degree of impairment related to PTSD can range from mild to serious in adults.
- Approximately 30.2 percent of adults with PTSD have mild impairment, 33.1 percent of moderate impairment, and 36.6 percent have severe impairment.
- Approximately 1.5 percent of adolescents with PTSD will struggle with severe impairment.
- PTSD often responds to treatment. The most successful treatments for PTSD include prolonged exposure, cognitive processing therapy, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing.
- Talk therapy and medications may also be recommended for patients with PTSD.
- Roughly half of people with PTSD will seek treatment. A portion of cases will resolve within a few weeks or months, while others will persist for years.
This page does not provide medical advice.
Causes Symptoms And Risks
PTSD is caused by experiencing or witnessing single, repeated or multiple events. For example:
- serious accidents
- physical and sexual assault abuse. This could include childhood or domestic abuse
- work-related exposure to trauma. Such as being in the army
- trauma related to serious health problems or childbirth
- war and conflict torture
Not everyone who experiences trauma will develop PTSD.
The risk of getting PTSD depends on how the experience affects you. PTSD is more likely to develop if the traumatic event:
- is unexpected,
- Self help
How can the NHS help me?
You can speak to your GP about your concerns. They will be able to talk to you about treatment options and coping strategies. You dont have to do what your GP thinks that you should do. But you should listen to them.
Make sure that you understand the pros and cons of your treatment options before you make a decision.
Your treatment with be managed by your GP or the community mental health team . In some cases, your treatment maybe shared between both primary and secondary care. Healthcare professionals will agree who will monitor you.
Some people will get care under the Care Programme Approach . This means that you will have a care plan and care coordinator to make sure that you get the support that you need.
Look at the following section for more information on NHS treatment.
Adult social services
What other help is available?
There may be a different service available, such as employment or isolation support.
Read Also: Definition Of Phobia
Historical Data On Veterans & Ptsd 2022
- Approximately 30% of Vietnam soldiers have had PTSD at some point in their lives.
- Globally, approximately over 350 million adult war veterans experience PTSD and/or severe symptoms of depression.
- In a particular study including nearly 2,000 veterans, PTSD was shown to be prevalent in around 14% of those who spent time in the Iraq war.
- Approximately 7% of the U.S. population thats currently or has served in the military and may have experienced trauma during their service.
Seeking Help Diagnosis And Treatment
Many people experience some of the symptoms of PTSD soon after a traumatic event, but will recover on their own. For this reason, treatment does not usually start until a few weeks after a traumatic experience.
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of PTSD more than a few weeks after a traumatic experience, it is a good idea to talk to a doctor or mental health professional.
Getting help early can help speed up recovery. Your doctor or mental health professional may recommend psychological therapy such as cognitive behaviour therapy. Medication can also be helpful for a time.
With help, a person can learn to manage their response in unavoidable situations that previously would have triggered a flashback. With appropriate treatment and support people with PTSD are able to recover and get on with their lives.
Also Check: Phobia Of Puking
Ptsd Can Be Treatedyes Theres Hope
If you are overwhelmed by symptoms or negative thoughts that you suspect are related to PTSD, you should contact your health care team to discuss the possibility of a PTSD diagnosis. You can also contact a local mental health facility, like McLean, to get the help you need. You dont have to struggle on your ownthere is a path to recovery.
If you recognize the symptoms in a friend or loved one, you should always reach out to them and offer support. Whether they accept your help or not, knowing that youve offered can be incredibly helpful to those who are affected by mental illness.
Ptsd Is Not Just For Veterans Its A Trauma Disorder That Affects Millions
Research shows that individuals who suffer with post-traumatic stress disorder, better known as PTSD, have experienced severe trauma at some point in their lives. The trauma could come in the form of sexual assault, a natural disaster, a car accident or anything that would prompt someone to have a harrowing reaction.
However, many believe that PTSD is a mental health condition that affects only those who have come back home from war, but this is not the case.
We must see PTSD, and other trauma-related disorders, as mental health issues that face many survivors of human rights violations, said Tina Kempin Reuter, associate professor in the University of Alabama at Birminghams College of Arts and Sciences and director for UAB Institute for Human Rights. Whether theyre survivors of genocide, ethnic cleansing, racial or ethnic persecution, and other forms of direct and indirect violence, many of these individuals continue to battle their traumas across their lifetime.
PTSD affects 3.5 percent of the U.S. adult population, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, or approximately 8 million Americans who live with the condition. Approximately 37 percent of people diagnosed with PTSD display serious symptoms.
Symptoms can include flashbacks, night sweats, insomnia, panic attacks, and isolating themselves from friends and family.
Many who experience PTSD also may struggle with suicidal ideation and may attempt to take their life.
How to cope with trauma
Also Check: Mania And Phobia List
How Many People Suffer From Ptsd
Its estimated that about 7 to 8 percent of the population will deal with it at some point in their lives.
Thinking of PTSD as something limited to war veterans is a problem because it can blind us to the condition of people around usand even to ourselves.
Not only does that make it impossible for people with PTSD to get help, it also increases the likelihood that they will end up battling addiction as well.
Indeed, 53 percent of people who abuse drugs also have at least one mental illness diagnosis, according to the American Medical Association.
Some people with PTSD experience flashbacks or nightmares, but other common symptoms include hopelessness, anxiety, difficulty experiencing pleasure and loss of interest in life.
Its easy to see how someone experiencing those feelings would do anything to escape them, even self-medicating with drugs or alcohol.
% Of Australians Will Experience Ptsd During Their Life
While various traumatic events can be responsible for developing post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as living under constant stress or having a history of some other mental illness, the main cause of this disorder in the country are severe car accidents, based on PTSD statistics from Australia.
Don’t Miss: Irrational Fear Of Bees
Ptsd Can Happen To Anyone: But Its Treatable
PTSD does not discriminate by age, wealth, success or fame. Trauma is a deep-rooted issue that can re-emerge years after the traumatic event has occurred, as some of these famous people with PTSD have described in their own stories.
Thankfully, mental illnesses like PTSD are out in the open and becoming less taboo. PTSD is worse in individuals who have had a problematic childhood or existing mental health issues.
Many in the addiction treatment community are well aware that there is a clear link between PTSD and addiction.
Food, drugs and alcohol are often used to temporarily numb the pain of mental disorders. For this reason, dual diagnosis treatment is crucial for overcoming mental health disorders combined with addiction simultaneously for a full recovery.
% Of Men Experience At Least One Traumatic Event During Their Lifetime
Thats 6 out of 10 men. PTSD stats show that this is also the case for 50% of women in the US. While PTSD symptoms in women are the same as those that men experience, women are more likely to experience PTSD as a result of sexual assault, domestic violence, or child abuse.
On the other hand, men are more likely to experience this condition because of accidents, physical assault, war, disaster, or various injuries.
You May Like: Phobia Definition
What Does Ptsd Mean
Over the past five centuries PTSD has gone by many names such as shell shock, soldiers heart, nostalgia, combat neurosis or fatigue, and neurocirculatory asthenia.
If you suffer from PTSD youre not alone. A massive 44.7 million people around the world suffer from PTSD.Of that figure, 24.4 million of them are in the US. PTSD is worse in post conflict regions where people have suffered mass-violence or war.
Many famous people and celebrities with PTSD have stepped up and told their stories about their struggles with PTSD. Opening the doors for PTSD to become more socially acceptable and allowing more people to ask for much needed help.
PTSD is treatable if people step forward and discuss how they are feeling. In this article well explore 10 famous people who suffer from PTSD.
What Is Complex Post
The main symptoms of PTSD and complex PTSD are the same. But if you have complex PTSD you will have extra symptoms such as:
- constant issues with keeping a relationship,
- finding it difficult to feel connected to other people,
- constant belief that you are worthless with deep feelings of shame and guilt. This will be related to the trauma, and
- constant and severe emotional dysregulation. This means it is difficult to control your emotions
You are more likely to have complex PTSD if your trauma is linked to an event or series of events. The trauma will be very threatening or frightening. Most commonly from a trauma which you were not able to escape from such as:
- a long period of domestic abuse, or
- a long period of sexual or physical abuse
What is the treatment for complex PTSD?
You may respond to trauma focussed therapies if you have complex PTSD. Please see the section below on therapies and additional needs for PTSD.
There is some overlap of symptoms for complex PTSD and borderline personality disorder . If you have complex PTSD you may benefit from certain treatments that help people with BPD.
You can find more information about ‘Borderline Personality Disorder’ by clicking here.
Read Also: Feretrophobia Definition
How Common Is Ptsd In Adults
Posttraumatic stress disorder can occur after you have been through a trauma. A trauma is a shocking and dangerous event that you see or that happens to you. During this type of event, you think that your life or others’ lives are in danger.
Going through trauma is not rare. About 6 of every 10 men and 5 of every 10 women experience at least one trauma in their lives. Women are more likely to experience sexual assault and child sexual abuse. Men are more likely to experience accidents, physical assault, combat, disaster, or to witness death or injury.
PTSD can happen to anyone. It is not a sign of weakness. A number of factors can increase the chance that someone will develop PTSD, many of which are not under that person’s control. For example, if you were directly exposed to the trauma or injured, you are more likely to develop PTSD.
Ptsd And Veterans: Breaking Down The Statistics
Because of the nature of their service, military veterans face particular risk of experiencing traumatic events and subsequently developing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Drawing from the latest authoritative research, this page presents several important statistics pertaining to the incidence of PTSD among United States veterans.
Youll also find helpful information related to the nature of the disorder, the mental health problems it causes, and how it can be effectively treated. Though post-traumatic stress disorder is alarmingly common among Americas veterans, there are valuable resources, treatments, and mental health care available to those recovering from military-related trauma.
Read Also: Definition Phobia